United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development
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Science

Description

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development describes in paragraph 70 the composition and task of the Technology Facilitation Mechanism, established by the Addis Ababa Action Agenda and aimed at supporting the Sustainable Development Goals. More specifically, paragraph 70 of the 2030 Agenda reads: “the Technology Facilitation Mechanism will be based on a multi-stakeholder collaboration between Member States, civil society, private sector, scientific community, United Nations entities and other stakeholders and will be composed of: a United Nations Interagency Task Team on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs, a collaborative Multistakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs and an on-line platform.”

Sustainable Development Goals Targets 17.6 and 17.8 respectively aim to “Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism“ and to “fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology”.

Prior to the 2030 Agenda, the Rio+20 outcome document The Future We Want called for a Global Sustainable Development Report to bring together dispersed information and existing assessments, and to strengthen the science–policy interface at the High-level Political Forum on sustainable development (HLPF), through Paragraph 85.k.

As recalled by the Prototype Global Sustainable Report, published in 2014, the United Nations Secretary-General tasked, following Rio+20, the Division for Sustainable Development of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs to undertake “in-depth analysis and evaluation of trends and scientific analysis in the implementation of sustainable development, including lessons learned, best practices and new challenges, and cross-sectoral analysis of sustainable development issues”.

On that occasion, it was decided to produce a “prototype” report to facilitate dialogue between scientists and decision-makers and to establish for this purpose a United Nations system task team.

Decisions related to science were also taken by the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in 2002, by the Commission on Sustainable Development at its third (1995), fifth (1997) and sixth (1998) sessions and by the United Nations General Assembly at its Special Session to review the implementation of Agenda 21 (1997).

The Plan of Implementation adopted by WSSD underlined the importance of science-based decision-making, inter alia, by: integrating scientists' advice into decision-making bodies; partnerships between scientific, public and private institutions; improved collaboration between natural and social scientists, and establishing regular channels for requesting and receiving advice between scientists and policy makers; making greater use of integrated scientific assessments, risk assessments and interdisciplinary and intersectoral approaches; increasing the beneficial use of local and indigenous knowledge. Strengthening and creating centres for sustainable development in developing countries were encouraged, as well as networking with and between centres of scientific excellence and between science and education for sustainable development. Tools for science-based decision-making and sharing of knowledge and experiences to be promoted include: information and communication technologies, ground-based observations, satellite technologies, and national statistical services capable of providing sound data, assessment models, accurate databases and integrated information systems. The Plan also urged support for publicly funded research and development entities to engage in strategic alliances for the purpose of enhancing research and development.

The special session of the General Assembly held in June 1997 to review progress five years after UNCED stressed the need for authoritative scientific evidence for assessing environmental conditions and changes, which would facilitate international consensus-building. Scientific cooperation was to be promoted across disciplines for that purpose, and building scientific and technological capacity in developing countries was extremely important in that regard.

Science for sustainable development is the focus of Chapter 35 of Agenda 21. It calls for:

  • strengthening the scientific basis for sustainable management;
  • enhancing scientific understanding;
  • improving long-term scientific assessment; and
  • building up scientific capacity and capability.
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Displaying 1 - 135 of 135
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Prof. Gong Ke, Nankai University, President of the World Federation of Engineering… 12-Dec-2019
Mr. Ahad Nazi, Head, Centre for Private Sector Engagement, Sustainable Development Policy… 12-Dec-2019
Mr. Sun Xinzhang, Deputy Director, China Agenda 21 Management Center, China 13-Dec-2019
Mr. Afework K. Gizaw, State Minister, Ministry of Science and High Education, Ethiopia… 12-Dec-2019
Special Session on STI for SDGs Roadmaps: country experiences and international… 12-Dec-2019
Mr. Bai Songtao, Deputy Secretary General, Guilin Municipality 13-Dec-2020
Ms. Inger Midtkandal, Science and Technology Counsellor to the Research Council of… 12-Dec-2019
Ms. Tijana Knezevic Senior Adviser, Ministry of Education and Science, Serbia 17-Dec-2019
Mr. Peizhong Chen, Deputy Director of Taiyuan Science and Technology Bureau, China 13-Dec-2020
Ms. Monika Matusiak, Senior Policy Officer, European Commission, Joint Research Centre,… 12-Dec-2019
Prof. Tom Peter, Migun Ogada Chairperson, National Commission on Science, Technology and… 17-Dec-2019
Mr. Jonathan Tsuen Yip Wong, Chief of Technology and Innovation, ESCAP 12-Dec-2019
Mr. Qing Liu, Shenzhen Municipal Science and Technology Innovation Commission, China… 13-Dec-2019
Prof. Xu Zhengzhong, Deputy Dean of the Institute for International Strategic Studies… 12-Dec-2019
Mr. Carl J Dahlman, World Bank Consultant 17-Dec-2019
Mr. Kyoung-Ho Baek, Executive Director, Korea Technology Finance Corporation (KOTEC… 12-Dec-2019
Mr. Wu Hanrong, Director of Exchange and Cooperation Department of Science and Technology… 13-Dec-2019
Prof. Jun Chen, Academician, National Basic Geographic Information Center, Ministry… 12-Dec-2019
Dr. E. William Colglazier Editor–in–Chief, Science & Diplomacy, Senior Scholar,… 17-Dec-2019
Mr. Tristan Ace, Social Enterprise Lead, British Council (Based in Hong Kong), United… 12-Dec-2019
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Japan Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Sweden Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
European Union Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
Canada, Israel and United States of America Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 9-Dec-2013
Republic of the Congo Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 12-Dec-2013
Peru and Mexico Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Major Group: Women Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
Republic of Korea Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Italy, Spain and Turkey Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
Brazil and Nicaragua Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Nepal Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Major Group: Indigenous Peoples Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Bangladesh Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
Southern African Group Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Iran Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 12-Dec-2013
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Major Group: Local Authorities Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 9-Dec-2013
Montenegro and Slovenia Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 12-Dec-2013
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
Republic of Korea Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
South Centre Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Denmark, Norway and Ireland Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Ethiopia Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 11-Dec-2013
China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
South Africa Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) Means of implementation (science and technology, knowledge-sharing and capacity building) 10-Dec-2013
Panama Member States 22-Apr-2015
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Belarus Member States 22-Apr-2015
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Bangladesh Member States 27-Apr-2015
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The Netherlands Member States 22-Apr-2015
Mr. Li Yong, Director General, UNIDO Opening Session 14-Dec-2016
H.E. Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the… Opening Session 14-Dec-2016
Mr. Souknilanh Keola, Lund University Presentations 5-Sep-2013
The role of science and scenario modeling in setting priorities for SDGs? Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Mr. David O’Connor, Chief of the Policy and Analysis Branch, DESA/DSD Presentations 1-Jul-2015
Strong support for SDGs from the scientific community Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Mr. Bassel T. Daher, Qatar Foundation Presentations 5-Sep-2013
The Role of science and scenario modeling in setting SDG priorities Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Early warning of climate tipping points Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Ms. Myanna Lahsen, Brazilian Institute for Space Research (INPE) Presentations 5-Sep-2013
Future Earth: research for global sustainability Presentations 20-Mar-2013
The role of science and scenario modeling in setting priorities for SDGs Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Strengthening the science-policy interface - Global Sustainable Development Report Presentations 21-Mar-2013
From MDGs to SDGs: Key challenges and opportunities Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Ms. Gladys Ghartey, Ministry of Finance, Ghana Presentations 5-Sep-2013
Sustainability is political - Building pathways in a safe and just space for humanity Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Mr. Robert Kates, University of Maine Presentations 5-Sep-2013
Decoupling - Natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Policy and Analysis Branch, DESA/DSD Presentations 14-Jul-2016
The role of science and scenario modeling in setting SDG priorities Presentations 20-Mar-2013
Ms. Eun Mee Kim, Professor and Dean at the Graduate School of International Studies,… Session 1 9-Dec-2019
Mr. Jonathan Tsuen Yip Wong, Chief of Technology and Innovation, ESCAP Session 1 9-Dec-2019
Ms. Lud Coppens, Acting Head of Unit, SDG Information and Knowledge Management Unit,… Session 1 5-Apr-2016
Dr Carl Dahlman, Head of Global Research, OECD Development Centre Session 1 5-Apr-2016
Mr. Richard A. Roehrl, Senior Economic Affairs Officer, DSD/DESA Session 1 5-Apr-2016
Mr. Wei Liu, Coordinator, UN Inter-agency Task Team on STI for the SDG, Co-lead of… Session 10 11-Dec-2019
Ms. Tijana Knezevic, Senior Adviser, Ministry of Education and Science, Serbia Session 10 10-Dec-2020
Prof. Sachin Chaturvedi, Director General at the Research and Information System for… Session 10 15-Jan-2020
Mr. Napoleon Concepcion, Governor, Board of Investment (BOI), The Philippines Session 11 11-Dec-2019
Prof. Sachin Chaturvedi, Director General at the Research and Information System for… Session 11 11-Dec-2019
Ms. Bolor-Erdene Battsengel, Access Solutions, Mongolia Session 11 11-Dec-2019
Mr. Friedrich Soltau, Senior Sustainable Development Officer, UNDESA Session 2 5-Apr-2016
Prof Stewart Lockie, Director, The Cairns Institute Session 2 5-Apr-2016
Prof. Jiutian Zhang, Assistant Director, Institute of Green Economy, Counsellors’… Session 2 9-Dec-2019
Ms. Sabina Alkire, Director, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, Department… Session 2 14-Dec-2016
Mr. Has Bunton, Secretary General, National Science and Technology Council, Ministry of… Session 3 9-Dec-2019
Mr. Feng Tian, Dean of Intelligent Industry Research Institute, SenseTime, China Session 3 9-Dec-2019
Mr. Tengfei Wang, Economic Affairs Officer, ESCAP Session 4 9-Dec-2019
Ms. Watcharin Witthayaweerasak, General Manager, Thai Business Incubators and Science… Session 4 9-Dec-2019
Mr. Anthony C. Sales, Regional Director, Department of Science and Technology, the… Session 5 10-Dec-2019
Dr. Araba Sey, Principal Research Fellow / Head of Research, UN University Institute… Session 5 10-Dec-2019
Dr. Chaiyatorn Limapornvanich, Innovation Strategy Manager, National Innovation Agency,… Session 5 10-Dec-2019
Dr. Thazin Han, Director, Department of Research and Innovation, Ministry of Education,… Session 5 10-Dec-2019
Mr. Jinwon Kang, Research Fellow, R&D Evaluation Center, Korean Institute of S&T… Session 6 10-Dec-2020
Mr. Wang Wei, Deputy Director General, Nanjing Municipal Financial Regulatory Bureau… Session 6 10-Dec-2019
Mr. Widi Agoes Pratikto, Executive Director, Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs,… Session 7 16-Dec-2016
Dr. Sarasija Padmanabhan, Patent Consultant, Indian Institute of Science Campus, India… Session 7 10-Dec-2019
Ms. Biliana Cicin-Sain, President, Global Ocean Forum, and Director, Gerard J.… Session 7 16-Dec-2016
Mr. Premnath Nair, UNTIL Malaysia Lab Manager, Malaysia Session 8 11-Dec-2020
Mr. Jaikumar Sabanayagam, Information System Officer, UN OICT, Bangkok, Thailand Session 8 11-Dec-2019
Mr. Xian Zhang, Assistant to the Director of South-South Cooperation Center for… Session 9 11-Dec-2019
Ms. Abimbola Alawode, CEO Rhabe Ventures Limited – (South Coordinator Conduit of… Session 9 11-Dec-2020
Mr. Stefan Dierks, Research Assistant, Technology Sub-Programme of the Finance,… Session 9 11-Dec-2019
GSDR as Bridge between SDGs and Scientific Communities The Global Sustainable Development Report as a bridge between the SDGs and the scientific communities 29-Jun-2015
European Union The Global Sustainable Development Report as a bridge between the SDGs and the scientific communities 29-Jun-2015

Milestones

  • Building upon the 2014 Prototype report,the current Report responds to the Rio+20 mandate to contribute to strengthening the science-policy interface (SPI) for sustainable development, particularly in the context of the High-level political forum (HLPF).
  • January 2015 Targets 17.6 and 17.8
    Sustainable Development Goals Targets 17.6 and 17.8 respectively aim to “Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism“ and “fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology”.
  • The Prototype Global Sustainable Development Report defines a set of potential content, alternative approaches, and various ways of participation, in order to support Member States' deliberation on the scope and methodology of future editions of the Report. It maps sustainable development assessments and related processes and highlights emerging issues identified by scientists; assesses sustainable development progress; tells the “stories” of future pathways toward sustainable development based on the literature and discusses investment and technology needs; assesses various approaches to measuring sustainable development progress; identifies lessons learnt from national, regional and global case studies of the climate-land-energy-water-development nexus; presents illustrative science digests for decision-makers and summarizes various views of Member States and others on the process, methodology and scope of future reports.
  • January 2002 JPOI (Chap. 3 and 4)
    The Plan of Implementation adopted by WSSD underlined the importance of science-based decision-making, inter alia, by: integrating scientists' advice into decision-making bodies; partnerships between scientific, public and private institutions; improved collaboration between natural and social scientists, and establishing regular channels for requesting and receiving advice between scientists and policy makers; making greater use of integrated scientific assessments, risk assessments and interdisciplinary and intersectoral approaches; increasing the beneficial use of local and indigenous knowledge.
  • Decisions related to science were adopted by the Commission on Sustainable Development at its sixth session in 1998. As determined at UNGASS, the economic, sectoral and cross-sectoral themes considered were industry, strategic approaches to freshwater management, and technology transfer, capacity building, education, science and awareness raising.
  • Decisions related to science were taken by United Nations General Assembly at its Special Session to review the implementation of Agenda 21. The GA Special Session convened to review and assess progress undergone on Agenda 21. With Resolution A/RES/S-19/2, delegates agreed on the adoption of the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21.
  • January 1997 CSD-5: Science
    CSD-5 was held in 1997 and began negotiating the UNGASS outcome. The Report of the Secretary General "Science for sustainable development" was among the documents before the Commission at its fifth session.
  • In 1995, the Commission in its third session took note of the report of the Secretary-General on science for sustainable development (E/CN.17/1995/16), including the initiatives taken by national Governments, the United Nations system, other international organizations, major groups and the scientific and technological community to implement science-related policies and programmes. The Commission also welcomed the proposals for action contained in section III, which identified areas for priority actions that should be taken by countries and regional and international organizations, with a view to further enhancing the contribution of science to sustainable development, in particular in developing countries.
  • January 1992 Agenda 21 (Chap. 35)
    "As main outcome of the UN Earth Summit held in Rio in 1992, Agenda 21 calls for a global partnership able to address the problems of the present and prepare the International Community for the challenges of the upcoming century." Chapter 35 of Agenda 21 is devoted to science for sustainable development and calls for: strengthening the scientific basis for sustainable management; enhancing scientific understanding; improving long-term scientific assessment and building up scientific capacity and capability.