Targets and Indicators
By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
Proportion of population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)
By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age
Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
Proportion of population covered by social protection floors/systems, by sex, distinguishing children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work-injury victims and the poor and the vulnerable
By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services
Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure
By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)a
Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
Proportion of resources allocated by the government directly to poverty reduction programmes
Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection)
Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions
Proportion of government recurrent and capital spending to sectors that disproportionately benefit women, the poor and vulnerable groups
Progress and Info
The slowing poverty reduction progress since 2015 has been set back further by COVID-19 and the global extreme poverty rate rose in 2020 for the first time in over 20 years. The triple threat of COVID-19, conflict and climate change makes the global goal of ending poverty by 2030 beyond reach unless immediate and substantial policy actions are implemented. The COVID-19 crisis has demonstrated the importance of social protection systems to protect people’s health, jobs and income. As a result, many new social protection measures have been introduced in 2020. But, 4 billion people worldwide are still left without any social protection, the majority of whom are the poor and the vulnerable.
Compounding the threats to poverty eradication posed by climate change and conflict, the COVID-19 pandemic is set to increase the number of poor in 2020 by between 119 and 124 million people, causing extreme poverty rate to rise for the first time in a generation, from 8.4% in 2019 to 9.5% in 2020 based on nowcasts. Eight out of 10 ‘new poor’ are in middle-income countries. It is projected that around 600 million people will still live in extreme poverty by 2030.
Before the pandemic, global extreme poverty had fallen from 10.1% in 2015 to 9.2% in 2017, which is equivalent to 689 million people living on less than $1.90 a day. The rate of reduction, however, had slowed to less than half a percentage point annually between 2015 and 2017, compared to around 1 percentage point annually between 1990 and 2015.
The share of the world’s workers living in extreme poverty fell from 14% in 2010, to 7.8% in 2015, then to 6.6% in 2019. The progress was less encouraging for young workers. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted the informal economy, where the vast majority of the working poor are employed. The crisis also has had a disproportionate impact on the livelihoods of young and female workers who already have a much higher likelihood to live in poverty. Younger people in 2019 were twice as likely as adults to be working poor.
By 2020, only 47% of the global population were effectively covered by at least one social protection cash benefit, which leaves 4 billion people unprotected. However, between 1 February and 31 December 2020, governments of 209 countries and territories announced more than 1,500 social protection measures (mostly short-term) in response to the COVID-19 crisis.
In 2019, 12,000 people were reported as disaster fatalities across 72 reporting countries and territories. This is a significant reduction from 2018, when disaster mortality peaked at 125,000 (reported by 105 countries and territories) and in line with an overall trend of declining mortality since 2005. Based on the latest reporting under the Sendai Framework monitoring process, direct economic loss of $9.3 billion was reported by 67 countries and territories for 2019, of which 68% ($6.4 billion) was recorded in the agricultural sector.
Only 30% of all countries with data for the period 2015 to 2018 spent between 15% and 20% of total government expenditure on education as recommended in the Education 2030 Framework for Action.
Total ODA grants for basic social services and development food aid, which focus on poverty reduction, represented 0.02% of DAC donor’s gross national income in 2019.
Source: Advance unedited copy of 2021 report of the Secretary-General on Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals