United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Targets and Indicators



By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day


Proportion of the population living below the international poverty line by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)



By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions


Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age


Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions



Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable


Proportion of population covered by social protection floors/systems, by sex, distinguishing children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work-injury victims and the poor and the vulnerable



By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance


Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services


Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, (a) with legally recognized documentation, and (b) who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure



By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters


Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


Direct economic loss attributed to disasters in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)


Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030


Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies



Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions


Total official development assistance grants from all donors that focus on poverty reduction as a share of the recipient country's gross national income


Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection)



Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions


Pro-poor public social spending

Progress and Info

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic reversed the steady progress of poverty reduction over the past 25 years. This unprecedented reversal is further exacerbated by rising inflation and the impacts of the war in Ukraine. It is estimated these combined crises will lead to an additional 75 million to 95 million people living in extreme poverty in 2022, compared to prepandemic projections. Almost all countries have introduced new short-term social protection measures in response to the COVID-19 crisis to protect people’s health, jobs and income. If these measures continue, they will provide the needed assistance for the poor and help them move out of poverty. 

Between 2015 and 2018, global poverty continued its historical decline, with the global poverty rate falling from 10.1% in 2015 to 8.6% in 2018. Nowcasts suggest that the global poverty rate sharply increased from 8.3% in 2019 to 9.2% in 2020 due to COVID-19, representing the first increase in extreme poverty since 1998 and the largest since 1990, and setting back poverty reduction by around three years. The losses have been much higher for low-income countries, which have been set back by 8-9 years. Although the poverty rate is projected to decrease to 8.7% in 2021, it was still higher than the pre-pandemic level. 

In 2020, for the first time in two decades, the world’s share of workers living with their families below the international poverty line increased from 6.7% in 2019 to 7.2%, pushing an additional 8 million workers into poverty. Although the working poverty rate decreased slightly in 2021 to 6.9%, it was still higher than the pre-pandemic rate.

By 2020, only 47% of the global population were effectively covered by at least one social protection cash benefit, leaving 4.1 billion people unprotected. In response to the COVID-19 crisis, more than 1700 social protection measures (mostly short-term) were announced by 209 countries and territories.

Based on reporting from 80 countries on disasters of all origins, including COVID-19, the estimated disaster-mortality rate is 5.74 persons per 100,000 population in 2020. While significantly under-reported, this figure is already in stark contrast to the prior period between 2015-2019, when disaster-related mortality rate averaged at 0.93 person per 100,000 population. At least 80% of the disaster-related mortality in 2020 is estimated to be due to COVID-19. The pandemic has considerably reversed the trend in reducing disaster-related mortality since the beginning of the decade.

While countries were coping with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, 33 countries reported $16.55 billion of direct economic losses in 2020 due to other disasters, which amounted to 0.14% of national GDP. Beyond monetized disaster-related losses, several countries have reported losses in housing, critical infrastructure, and other sectors.

Expenditure on education decreased in 2020 but bounced back in 2021 as schools reopened. The median value of the proportion of government expenditure on education decreased from 13.5% in 2019 to 12.6% in 2020, then bounced back to 14.6% in 2021.

Source: Report of the Secretary-General, Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals- E/2022