United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development
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Sustainable transport

Description

The role of transport in sustainable development was first recognized at the 1992 United Nation’s Earth Summit and reinforced in its outcome document – Agenda 21. In undertaking the five-year review of the implementation of Agenda 21 during its nineteenth Special Session in 1997, the UN General Assembly further noted that, over the next twenty years, transportation would be expected to be the major driving force behind a growing world demand for energy (Indeed, it is now the largest end-use of energy in developed countries and the fastest growing one in most developing countries). Further, at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, the role of transport was once again captured in the outcome document - the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI). JPOI provided multiple anchor points for sustainable transport, in the context of infrastructure, public transport systems, goods delivery networks, affordability, efficiency and convenience of transportation, as well as improving urban air quality and health, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The global attention to transport has continued in recent years. World leaders recognized unanimously at the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio +20) that transportation and mobility are central to sustainable development. Sustainable transportation can enhance economic growth and improve accessibility. Sustainable transport achieves better integration of the economy while respecting the environment. improving social equity, health, resilience of cities, urban-rural linkages and productivity of rural areas

Subsequently, the UN Secretary-General, as part of his Five-Year Action Agenda, identified transport as a major component of sustainable development. To this end, the Secretary General established and launched in August 2014 a High Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport (HLAG-ST), representing all modes of transport including road, rail, aviation, marine, ferry, and urban public transport providers. The policy recommendations of the Advisory Group were submitted to the Secretary-General in a global sustainable transport outlook report, entitled "Mobilizing Sustainable Transport for Development", released at the first Global Sustainable Transport Conference in November 2016.

The importance of sustainable transport for countries in special situations is also recognized by the international community, through the Istanbul Programme of Action for the LDCs, the Vienna Programme of Action for the LLDCs, the SAMOA Pathway for SIDS, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and the New Urban Agenda.

In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, sustainable transport is mainstreamed across several SDGs and targets, especially those related to food security, health, energy, economic growth, infrastructure, and cities and human settlements. The importance of transport for climate action is further recognized under the UNFCCC - the transport sector will be playing a particularly important role in the achievement of the Paris Agreement, given the fact close to a quarter of energy-related global greenhouse gas emissions come from transport and that these emissions are projected to grow substantially in the years to come.

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Displaying 1 - 243 of 243
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A Safe & Sustainable Post-2015 Development Agenda Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 7-Jan-2014
Major Group: Local Authorities Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 8-Jan-2014
A Safe & Sustainable Post-2015 Development Agenda Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 7-Jan-2014
FIA Foundation Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 7-Jan-2014
Policy briefing UN Open Working Group 11 Road traffic injury and the Post-2015… Dialogue with Major Groups 6-May-2014
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Global Vision Zero: reaching a new era in road safety 22-Dec-2016
Republic of Moldova Global Vision Zero: reaching a new era in road safety 22-Dec-2016
UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety Global Vision Zero: reaching a new era in road safety 22-Dec-2016
Japan Global Vision Zero: reaching a new era in road safety 22-Dec-2016
Mr. Jochen Flasbarth, President, German Federal Environment Agency High-Level Morning Plenary Session 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Pam O’Connor, Mayor, City of Santa Monica, California, USA High-Level Morning Plenary Session 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Gyan Chandra Acharya, Under Secretary-General and High Representative for the… High-Level Morning Plenary Session 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Shrimati Meenaxiben Dashrathbhai Patel, Mayor, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation,… High-Level Morning Plenary Session 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Shrimati Meenaxiben Dashrathbhai Patel, Mayor, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation,… High-Level Morning Plenary Session 20-Jun-2013
H.E. Mr. Anwarul K. Chowdhury Keynote Speakers 19-Jun-2013
Ms. Kathrin Schneider Keynote Speakers 19-Jun-2013
Northern Corridor Transit and Transport Coordination Authority Multi-modal sustainable transport and transit solutions: connecting rail, maritime, road and air 22-Dec-2016
KTZ Express Multimodal Company Multi-modal sustainable transport and transit solutions: connecting rail, maritime, road and air 22-Dec-2016
Chile Multi-modal sustainable transport and transit solutions: connecting rail, maritime, road and air 22-Dec-2016
Belarus Multi-modal sustainable transport and transit solutions: connecting rail, maritime, road and air 22-Dec-2016
Panteia Multi-modal sustainable transport and transit solutions: connecting rail, maritime, road and air 22-Dec-2016
Mr. Hongbo Wu Opening Session 19-Jun-2012
Mr. Joan Clos Opening Session 22-Apr-2013
EMBARQ Opening Session 6-Jan-2014
Opening Remarks: Mr. Lu Haifeng Parallel Session 1 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Nick Craven, Manager of Unit Sustainable Development, International Union of… Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Mr. George Sun, Deputy Director for Research and Publications, Land Transport Authority,… Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Ms. Caroline Reichert, PSA Peugeot Citroen, Group Operations, Head of Mobility, France… Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Ms. Jia Fu, Market Analyst, Bejing, China Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Ms. Jia Fu, Market Analyst, Bejing, China Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Mr. Patrick Kayemba, Executiva Dirac:tor, FABIO, Kampala, Uganda Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Mr. Michael Cramer, Member of European Parliament, Transport Spokesperson of the Greens/… Parallel Session 1A 21-Jun-2013
Ms. Judit Sandor, Sustainability and Environment Manager UN IFE - the European Rail… Parallel Session 1B 21-Jun-2013
Mr. William Fernando Camargo Triana, Director of Transportation and Public Services,… Parallel Session 1B 21-Jun-2013
Mr. Choudhury R. C. Mohanty, Environment Programme Coordinator, United Nations Centre for… Parallel Session 1B 21-Jun-2013
Mr. Martin Magold, Chief of Sustainable Transport Section, Transport Devision, United… Parallel Session 1B 21-Jun-2013
Mr. Ralf Baron, Partner, Arthur D. Little Parallel Session 1B 21-Jun-2013
Mr. Alain Flausch, Secretary General, International Association of Public Transport… Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Martin Roehrleef, Head of Staff Department Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Nicole Stroj, Coordinator Integrated Mobility, Austrian Federal Railways (OBB) Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Pedro Olivares, Director of F & S Consulting SA Caracas Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Dr. Bernhard Ensink, Secretary General and Velo-city Series Director European Cyclist Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Philipp Wex, Senior Manager, Daimler Business Innovation, Germany Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Francois-Joseph Van Audenhove, Partner, Head Travel & Transportation Practice,… Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Dr. Stephan Herbst, General Manager Energy Research Group (Toyota) Parallel Session 3 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Oleg Kamberski, Head, Passenger Transport and Taxis, International Road Transport… Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Steve Kearns, Transport for London Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Tibleste Asgedom, Bureau Vice Head, Addis Ababa City Administration Road &… Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Martin Ertl, Chief Innovation Officer, Bombardier Transportation Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Naoki Mimuro, Chief Representative of the City of Yokohama in Europe Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Lawrie Robertson, Director of Strategic Planning, Buro Happold Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Reinier de Graaf, Partner, MA Rotterdam Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Tadashi Matsumoto, Senior Policy Analyst, Organization for Economic Cooperation and… Parallel Session 4 20-Jun-2013
Dr. Helmar Rendez, Head of BU Distribution and Chairman of the Management Board,… Parallel Session 5 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Rada Rodriguez, CEO Schneider Electric GmbH and Country President Germany Parallel Session 5 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Hasso Georg Grünjes, Infrastructure & Cities Sector, Siemens AG Parallel Session 5 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Markus Schmidt, Bosch Automotive Electronics, Executive Vice President Sales Parallel Session 5 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Dr. Klaus Bonhoff, Managing Spokesperson of National Organization Hydrogen and… Parallel Session 5 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Lu Haifeng, Secretary-General, Global Forum for Human Settlements (GFHS) Part I: Initiatives in Sustainable Cities 20-Jun-2013
Ms. Silvia Isabela Breu, Director, Oeiras Municipal Development Office, Portugal Part II: Best Practices in Sustainable Urban Development and Eco-cities 20-Jun-2013
Mr. Joseph Chan, Sustainability Director of Mission Hills Group Part II: Best Practices in Sustainable Urban Development and Eco-cities 20-Jun-2013
Presentation: Sustainable Transport and COVID-19: Response and Recovery (Part 2) Presentations 1-Jul-2020
Presentation: Sustainable Transport and COVID-19: Response and Recovery (Part 1) Presentations 24-Jun-2020
Remarks by Mr. Wu Hongbo, USG, DESA for the flag raising ceremony Presentations 26-Nov-2016
Bike Sharing Presentations 26-Sep-2013
Remarks by Mr. Wu Hongbo, USG, DESA, at the Treaty Event Presentations 27-Nov-2016
Azmi Abdul Aziz, President & Group Chief Executive Officer, Prasarana Malaysia… Session 1 10-May-2016
Dr. Anjali Mahendra, WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, World Resources Institute… Session 1 10-May-2016
Dr. Friedemann Kunst, Berlin Ministry for Urban Development Session 1 19-Jun-2013
Peter Njenga, Executive Director, International Forum for Rural Transport and Development… Session 1 10-May-2016
Mr. Thomas Meißner, Deputy Director, Berlin Agency for Electromobility eMO Session 1 19-Jun-2013
Prof. Dr. Kai Strunz, TU Berlin Session 2 19-Jun-2013
Jean Maxy SIMONET, Senior Chief Executive, Ministry of Public Infrastructure and Land… Session 2 10-May-2016
Prof. Peter Ruge, Architekten Session 2 19-Jun-2013
Sengsavang PHANDANOUVONG, Senior Advisor, LAO LOGISTICS GROUP Session 2 10-May-2016
Ms. Li Xiaolin, Chairwoman, China Power New Energy Development Company Limited (CPNE… Session 2 19-Jun-2013
Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Session 2 19-Jun-2013
Bernard Dzawanda, Senior Transport Economist, Common Market for Eastern and Southern… Session 2 10-May-2016
Prof. Dr. Dieter Flämig, INFRAWIND EURASIA Session 2 19-Jun-2013
José Holguín-Veras, VREF Center of Excellence for Sustainable Urban Freight Systems Session 3 11-May-2016
Amorn Kitchawengkul, Deputy Governor of Bangkok Session 3 11-May-2016
Vinicius De Tomasi Ribeiro, State Representative, Architect and Urban Planner Session 3 11-May-2016
Dr. Lake Sagaris, Researcher and Assistant Adjunct Professor, Pontificia Universidad… Session 3 11-May-2016
Nancy Vandycke, World Bank Group Session 4 11-May-2016
Zhi Liu, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy and Peking University Session 4 11-May-2016
Subash Dhar, UNEP DTU Partnership Session 5 11-May-2016
M. Ramsekhar, DIMTS Session 5 11-May-2016
Republic of Korea Statements 30-Nov-2016
Mr. Jochen Flasbarth, President of the Umweltbundesamt (German Federal Environment… Statements 20-May-2013
Chile (English version) Statements 5-Jan-2017
Palestine Statements 30-Nov-2016
Burkina Faso Statements 30-Nov-2016
1- Welcome remarks: Mr. Liu Zhenmin, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic… Statements 24-Jun-2020
Panama Statements 30-Nov-2016
Chile (Spanish version) Statements 30-Nov-2016
Ms. Irene Tembo, Chief Planner, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Zambia Statements 1-Jul-2020
Saudi Arabia Statements 30-Nov-2016
Georgia Statements 30-Nov-2016
H.E. Amb. Lois Young, Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Belize to the… Statements 1-Jul-2020
Serbia Statements 30-Nov-2016
Malaysia Statements 30-Nov-2016
Ms. Gyorgyi Gurban, Senior Maritime Policy Adviser, Executive Office of the Secretary… Statements 1-Jul-2020
Sudan Statements 30-Nov-2016
Nepal Statements 30-Nov-2016
Mr. Yarob Badr, Regional Advisor on Transport and Logistics, Economic Development and… Statements 1-Jul-2020
Sweden Statements 30-Nov-2016
Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General's message to the 7th Regional Environmentally… Statements 23-Apr-2013
Norway Statements 30-Nov-2016
Azerbaijan Statements 30-Nov-2016
Mr. Jeremy Andersen, Sustainable Transport Lead, International Transport Workers… Statements 1-Jul-2020
Bulgaria and Croatia Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainabe Transport Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Nepal Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Sustainable Development Goals for Transport Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 8-Jan-2014
Bangladesh Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Iran Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Denmark, Norway and Ireland Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
European Union Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Peru and Mexico Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Serbia Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 8-Jan-2014
Major Group: NGOs Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Poland and Romania Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 6-Jan-2014
Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 8-Jan-2014
Why the world needs an urban SDG? Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Major Group: Local Authorities Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
Japan Sustainable cities and human settlements, sustainable transport 7-Jan-2014
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Sustainable transport at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 21-Dec-2016
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Sustainable transport solutions to the climate crisis 21-Dec-2016
Russian Federation Sustainable transport solutions to the climate crisis 21-Dec-2016
Argentina Transport 5-May-2010
United States of America - Long version Transport 1-Mar-2011
Palestine Transport 13-May-2010
Major Group: Children & Youth Transport 12-May-2011
Brazil Transport 1-Mar-2011
Palestine Transport 5-May-2010
Group of 77 & China Transport 4-May-2010
Pacific SIDS Transport 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Farmers Transport 13-May-2010
Major Group: Women Transport 13-May-2010
Iran Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: Science & Technology Transport 1-Mar-2011
Ghana Transport 12-May-2011
Arab Group Transport 4-May-2010
Japan Transport 1-Mar-2011
Asian Development Bank and the Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport Transport 13-May-2010
Australia Transport 5-May-2010
United States of America - Short version Transport 1-Mar-2011
Iran Transport 13-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Transport 12-May-2011
Cambodia Transport 1-Mar-2011
Republic of Korea Transport 5-May-2010
Israel Transport 4-May-2010
Romania Transport 1-Mar-2011
Group of 77 & China Transport 13-May-2010
The Urban and Rural Mobility and Poverty Divide (Rural Transport) Transport 1-Mar-2011
Japan Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: Women Transport 1-Mar-2011
India Transport 12-May-2011
Canada Transport 4-May-2010
Jordan Transport 1-Mar-2011
Austria Transport 13-May-2010
Barbados Transport 5-May-2010
United States of America - Attachment: SmartWay Transport Overview Transport 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Science & Technology Transport 13-May-2010
Major Group: NGOs Transport 12-May-2011
Canada Transport 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Science and Technology Transport 5-May-2010
Pacific SIDS Transport 4-May-2010
South Africa Transport 1-Mar-2011
Germany Transport 13-May-2010
Changing the way we move in our cities (Urban Transport) Transport 1-Mar-2011
Mongolia Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: Workers & Trade Transport 1-Mar-2011
Iran Transport 12-May-2011
China Transport 4-May-2010
Kenya Transport 1-Mar-2011
Brazil Transport 13-May-2010
Egypt Transport 5-May-2010
Uzbekistan Transport 1-Mar-2011
Afghanistan Transport 12-May-2011
South Africa Transport 13-May-2010
Major Group: Workers & Trade Transport 12-May-2011
Chile Transport 1-Mar-2011
Thailand Transport 5-May-2010
United States of America Transport 4-May-2010
Thailand Transport 1-Mar-2011
Global Foundation for Democracy and Development Transport 13-May-2010
Senegal Transport 12-May-2011
Railways and Sustainable Development Transport 1-Mar-2011
Morocco Transport 5-May-2010
European Union Transport 4-May-2010
Malta Transport 1-Mar-2011
Cambodia Transport 13-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Transport 1-Mar-2011
China Transport 12-May-2011
Sudan Transport 13-May-2010
Dominican Republic Transport 1-Mar-2011
UNEP Transport 5-May-2010
Zambia Transport 4-May-2010
UN-HABITAT Transport 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: NGOs Transport 13-May-2010
Turkey Transport 12-May-2011
A Global Framework For Addressing Aviation CO2 Emissions Transport 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: NGOs Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: Famers Transport 4-May-2010
Mexico Transport 1-Mar-2011
Dominican Republic Transport 13-May-2010
India Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: Local Authorities Transport 1-Mar-2011
European Union Transport 12-May-2011
Ukraine Transport 13-May-2010
Presentation: Managing Mobility to Create Sustainable Cities Transport 4-May-2010
Group of 77 & China Transport 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Women Transport 5-May-2010
Arab Group Transport 5-May-2010
UNEP Transport 1-Mar-2011
Nigeria Transport 13-May-2010
UNEP Transport 12-May-2011
Australia Transport 1-Mar-2011
Norway Transport 5-May-2010
France Transport 4-May-2010
Norway Transport 1-Mar-2011
European Union Transport 13-May-2010
Indonesia Transport 5-May-2010
Major Group: NGOs Transport 1-Mar-2011
Germany Transport 12-May-2011
United States of America Transport 13-May-2010
African Group Transport 4-May-2010
European Union Transport 1-Mar-2011
Argentina Transport 13-May-2010
Mr. Nikhil Seth, Director, Division for Sustainable Development, United Nations Department… Welcome Address 19-Jun-2013
Ms. Almuth Hartwig-Tiedt Welcome Address 19-Jun-2013
Ms. Barbara Berninger, for Mr. Michael Müller, Senator for Urban Development and… Welcome Address 19-Jun-2013
Ms. Almuth Hartwig-Tiedt, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Environment, Health and… Welcome Address 19-Jun-2013
Outcome of the RIM: Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining & 10 10-year… Western Asia 4-May-2010

Milestones

  • January 2015 Target 11.2 & 3.6
    Target 11.2 aims by 2030 at providing access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons. Target 3.6 aims by 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
  • The High-level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport was established in 2014 by the UN SG Mr Ban Ki-moon. This body has been responsible for formulating recommendations on sustainable development transport actionable at global, national, local and sector levels. Core tasks of the Advisory Group have been identified in the integration of sustainable transports in relevant intergovernmental process, the mobilization of actions and initiatives to support sustainable transport with key stakeholders, the launch of a "Global Transport Outlook Report" and the formulation of recommendations on this particular area.
  • At Rio +20, Member States highlighted the central role that transportation and mobility have in ensuring sustainable development. In particular, paragraph 132 reads "Sustainable transportation can enhance economic growth and improve accessibility. Sustainable transport achieves better integration of the economy while respecting the environment". The same paragraph identifies the importance of the "efficient movement of people and goods, and access to environmentally sound, safe and affordable transportation as a means to improve social equity, health, resilience of cities, urban-rural linkages and productivity of rural areas". Member States also commit to "take into account road safety as part of our efforts to achieve sustainable development". In paragraph 133, Member States express their support to "the development of sustainable transport systems, including energy efficient multi-modal transport systems, notably public mass transportation systems, clean fuels and vehicles, as well as improved transportation systems in rural areas". Member States also take into account the special development needs of landlocked and transit developing countries as well as their need for international support to developing countries in this regard.
  • The Kyoto Protocol recalls the need to measure the limit and/or reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol in the transport sector and urges to limitate and/or reduce methane emissions through recovery and use in waste management, as well as in the production, transport and distribution of energy.
  • The JPOI aims to "Promote an integrated approach to policy -making at the national, regional and local levels for transport services and systems to promote sustainable development, including policies and planning for land use, infrastructure, public transport systems and goods delivery networks, with a view to providing safe, affordable and efficient transportation, increasing energy efficiency, reducing pollution, congestion and adverse health effects and limiting urban sprawl, taking into account national priorities and circumstances".
  • As far as CSD-9 was concerned, the economic, sectoral and cross-sectoral themes considered, as determined at UNGASS, were as follows: energy and transport, atmosphere and energy, and information for decision-making and participation and international cooperation for an enabling environment. From CSD-6 to CSD-9, discussions at each session commenced with multi-stakeholder dialogues, consisting of opening statements from representatives of major groups on selected themes, followed by a dialogue with government representatives.
  • In undertaking the five-year review of the implementation of Agenda 21 during its nineteenth Special Session in 1997, the General Assembly noted that, over the next twenty years, transportation is expected to be the major driving force behind a growing world demand for energy. It is the largest end-use of energy in developed countries and the fastest growing one in most developing countries.
  • The role of transport in sustainable development was first recognized at the 1992 United Nation’s Earth Summit and reinforced in its outcome document – the Agenda 21. Several chapters, as for example Chapter 9 on Atmosphere and Chapter 7 on Human Settlements recognize Transport as a key development issue.