United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development
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Biodiversity and ecosystems

Description

The Sustainable Development Goal 15 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is devoted to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”.

At the Rio+20 Conference, Member States reaffirmed, through paragraphs 197- 204 of the outcome document, the Future We Want, that “intrinsic value of biological diversity, as well as the ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its critical role in maintaining ecosystems that provide essential services, which are critical foundations for sustainable development and human well-being”. Member States also recognized “the severity of global biodiversity loss and degradation of ecosystems” and stress the negative impact that this situation has on food security, nutrition, access to water, health of the rural poor and people worldwide”.

Furthermore, the Future We Want reiterated the importance of implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, and achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted at the Tenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention.

Biodiversity was discussed by the Commission on Sustainable Development on several occasions, and was one of the themes of the 2012/2013 two-year cycle.

At the World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg 2002, biological diversity was addressed in Chapter IV, paragraph 44, of the outcome of the Summit, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. The Summit also endorsed the target to achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction of the rate of biodiversity loss at global, regional and national levels as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on earth, which had some months earlier been adopted by the sixth meeting of the CBD Conference of Parties (COP).

Conservation of biological diversity is the subject of Chapter 15 of Agenda 21 which was adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, in 1992, in Rio de Janeiro. On the same occasion, the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), was opened for signature and remained open for signature until 4 June 1993. By that time, it had received 168 signatures. The Convention entered into force on 29 December 1993, 90 days after the 30th ratification. The first session of the Conference of the Parties was scheduled for 28 November – 9 December 1994 in the Bahamas.

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Displaying 1 - 32 of 32
Title Type Sort descending Date
Brochure: Biodiversity: The Ocean’s Role
Flyer: Biodiversity: The Ocean’s Role Flyer
Conclusions and Recommendations of UN Symposium in Tehran Meeting reports 24-Nov-2014
E/CN.17/1997/11 - Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity Meeting reports 25-Feb-1997
E/CN.17/1995/27 - Statement of Parties to Biological Diversity Meeting reports 21-Feb-1995
E/CN.17/1995/10 - Report of Ad Hoc Working Group on Sectoral Issues Meeting reports 31-Mar-1995
Summary of the Special Event in the UNGA Second Committee mandated by resolution 67/212 Other documents 1-Nov-2013
Flyer: Biodiversity: The Ocean’s Role Other documents 21-Sep-2020
Concept Note on Expert Group Meeting on Sustainable Development Goal 15: Progress and Prospects Other documents 23-Mar-2018
Concept note - Briefing on progress in the implementation of the objectives of the Convention on Biological… Other documents 24-Oct-2013
Outcome Document - Introduction to the Proposal of the Open Working Group for Sustainable Development Goals Outcome Documents 19-Jul-2014
Agenda on Expert Group Meeting on Sustainable Development Goal 15: Progress and Prospects Programme 23-Mar-2018
A/70/472/Add.6 - Convention on Biological Diversity: Report of the Second Committee Resolutions and decisions 14-Dec-2015
A/70/472/Add.7 - Harmony with Nature: Report of the Second Committee Resolutions and decisions 14-Dec-2015
A/RES/69/313- Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development (Addis… Resolutions and decisions 15-Jul-2015
A/RES/69/292 - Development of an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and… Resolutions and decisions 6-Jul-2015
A/RES/62/194 - Convention on Biological Diversityv Resolutions and decisions 19-Feb-2008
A/70/472 - Sustainable development: report of the Second Committee Resolutions and decisions 16-Dec-2015
E/CN.17/1995/7 - Conservation of Biological Diversity Secretary-General Reports 7-Feb-1995
E/CN.17/1999/6/Add.5 - Progress in the implementation of the programme of action for the sustainable development of… Secretary-General Reports 19-Jan-1999
A/65/294 - Implementation of United Nations environmental conventions Secretary-General Reports 13-Aug-2010
E/CN.17/1998/7/Add.5 - Biodiversity Resources in Small Island Developing States Secretary-General Reports 12-Feb-1998
A/67/295 - Implementation of United Nations environmental conventions Secretary-General Reports 10-Aug-2012
A/71/215 - Implementation of World Wildlife Day Secretary-General Reports 27-Jul-2016
A/68/260 - Protection of global climate for present and future generations of Humankind Implementation of the… Secretary-General Reports 24-Jul-2013
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.14 - Conservation of Biological Diversity Secretary-General Reports 21-Jan-1997
A/68/260 - Note by the SG on Implementation of the United Nations Environmental Conventions Secretary-General Reports 5-Aug-2013
A/70/230 - Implementation of United Nations environmental conventions Secretary-General Reports 31-Jul-2015
A/60/488/Add.8 - Sustainable development: Convention on Biological Diversity - Report of the Second Committee… Secretary-General Reports 13-Dec-2005
A/73/255 - Implementation of United Nations environmental conventions Secretary-General Reports 25-Jul-2018
E/CN.17/2001/PC/18 - Global status of biological diversity Secretary-General Reports 14-Mar-2001
TST Issues Brief: Biodiversity Technical Support Team (TST) Issues Briefs 6-Nov-2013
Displaying 1 - 127 of 127
Title Category Sort descending Date
Major Group: Science & Technology Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 4-Feb-2014
Major Group: Local Authorities Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 5-Feb-2014
Beyond 2015, WWF, Global Forest Coalitions, Women’s Major Group, World Animal Protection… Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 18-Jun-2014
Major Group: Women Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 4-Feb-2014
Major Group: Women Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 5-Feb-2014
Major Group: Women Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 5-Feb-2014
Denmark, Ireland and Norway Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Bangladesh Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Maldives Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
New Zealand Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Sweden Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 7-May-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Croatia Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Poland and Romania Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Finland Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 7-May-2014
Bulgaria Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Iceland Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Least Developed Countries (LDCs) Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Group of 77 and China Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Greece Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Iran Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 7-May-2014
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Japan Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Southern Africa Region Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
France, Germany and Switzerland Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Bulgaria and Croatia Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Southern African Group Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Poland and Romania Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Greece Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
France, Germany and Switzerland Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Maldives Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Bangladesh Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Belgium Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Morocco Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Peru and Mexico Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Tanzania Debate on Sustainable cities and human settlements, Sustainable Consumption and Production, Climate 3-Apr-2014
Mr. Reza Salamat, Senior Sustainable Development Officer, UN DESA, New York, and Mr.… Introduction 14-Oct-2014
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Major Groups 3-Apr-2014
Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Major Group: Local Authorities Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
European Union Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Sweden Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Bangladesh Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Uganda Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 6-Feb-2014
Republic of Korea Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Biodiversity in the SDGs: Essential Solutions from Nature Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Poland and Romania Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Major Group: Science & Technology Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Japan Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Toward UN Sustainable Development Goals Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Zambia Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Toward UN Sustainable Development Goals Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Belarus and Serbia Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Oceans and Seas, Forests, Biodiversity Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Finland Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Crop Diversity Trust Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Maldives Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Egypt Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Nepal Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Major Group: Women Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Norway Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Iran Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Major Group: Science & Technology Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
France, Germany and Switzerland Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Mr. Gary Lewis, Resident Representative, UNDP, Tehran, Iran Opening Session 14-Oct-2014
Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Secretary-… Opening Session 14-Oct-2014
Benin, Burkina Faso, France, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Germany, Mongolia, Namibia, and… Poverty eradication; Sustainable agriculture, food security, and nutrition 5-May-2014
Mr. Hamid Zagham (ICHTO) Session 1 14-Oct-2014
Mr. Alex A Kerr, Jr, Chiiori Trust, Kameoka-shi City, Japan Session 1 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Sandeep Kulshreshtha, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, Ministry… Session 1 14-Oct-2014
Mr. Warner Andrada, Office of Tourism Development Planning, Department of Tourism,… Session 1 14-Oct-2014
Mr. Zahed Ghaderi (ICHTO) Session 1 14-Oct-2014
Ms. Tri Mumpuni and Mr. Iskandar Kuntoadji, Co-founders and Managing Directors, People-… Session 1 14-Oct-2014
Mr. Xu Jing, Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations World Tourism… Session 1 14-Oct-2014
Ms. Fen Wei, Consultant, World Bank Session 2 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Duranga Silva, Sri Lanka Tourism Senior Lecturer and Coordinator of Tourism Studies,… Session 2 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Hitesh Metha, HM design, Kenya Session 2 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Hasan Almasi Session 3.1 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Ralph Wahnschafft, Senior Advisor, Sustainable Development Policies, Berlin, Germany… Session 3.1 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Mohammad Zahedi (ICHTO) Session 3.1 15-Nov-2014
Mr. Abolfazl Ardeshri Tajzadeh Session 3.1 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Ashkan Borouj Session 3.1 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Zahed Shafiei Session 3.1 15-Oct-2014
Mr. In Thoeun, Deputy Director, Ministry of Tourism, Phnom, Penh, Cambodia Session 3.2 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Ruslan Shadikov, Tajikistan Session 3.3 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Venkata Rao, Pondicherry University Puducherry, India Session 4 15-Oct-2014
Ms. Susanna Aghajanyan, Armenian Institute of Tourism Session 4 15-Oct-2014
Mr Sang-In Kang, Senior Expert, Global Strategy Center, Korea Environment Institute,… Session 4.3 15-Oct-2014
Mr. Morteza Sharifi, Ministry of Agriculture of I.R. of Iran Session 4.3 15-Oct-2014
Klaus Lengefeld, Senior Advisor, Sustainable Tourism Development Programmes, German… Session 5 15-Oct-2014
The Convention on Biological Diversity, its Nagoya Protocol, and Access to Genetic… Statements 30-Oct-2013
Supporting the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity regarding Access… Statements 30-Oct-2013
GEF-Funded Projects in support of the ratification and implementation of the Nagoya… Statements 30-Oct-2013
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Statements 30-Oct-2013
Message on the International Day for Biological Diversity Statements 22-May-2010
BioTrade: Putting the CBD objectives into practice Statements 30-Oct-2013
Message for the International Year of Biodiversity [2010] Statements 11-Jan-2010
Integrated approaches to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity Statements 30-Oct-2013
Mr. Wu Hongbo Statements 30-Oct-2013

Milestones

  • January 2015 SDG 15- Biodiversity
    Among the multiple challenges to sustainable development enumerated in paragraph 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a particular attention is devoted to natural resources depletion and the adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including loss of biodiversity. Through paragraph 33, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development focuses on the linkage between sustainable management of the planet’s natural resources and social and economic development and reaffirms the determination of Member States to protect biodiversity, ecosystems and wildlife. In the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals, SDG 15 aims to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”. In particular, SDG target 15.5 reads “take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species”.
  • Biodiversity is the subject of Paragraphs 197- 204 of Future We Want. In that context, Member States reaffirm the “intrinsic value of biological diversity, as well as the ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its critical role in maintaining ecosystems that provide essential services, which are critical foundations for sustainable development and human well-being”. Member States also recognize “the severity of global biodiversity loss and degradation of ecosystems” and stress the negative impact that this situation has on food security, nutrition, access to water, health of the rural poor and people worldwide”. Future We Want also reiterates the commitment of Member States in the achievement of the three objectives enunciated in the Convention on Biological Diversity and reaffirms, through paragraph 198, the importance of implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, and achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted at the Tenth Conference of the Parties to the Convention.
  • With the adoption of Resolution 65/161, the UN General Assembly declared the period 2011-2020 to be “the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, with a view to contributing to the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity for the period 2011-2020”. The Decade has been established in order to support the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and promote its overall vision of living in harmony with nature. It has aimed at mainstreaming biodiversity at different levels. Throughout the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, governments have been encouraged to develop, implement and communicate the results of national strategies for implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity.
  • January 2011 CSD-19 (Chap.2)
    Biodiversity was discussed by the Commission on Sustainable Development on several occasions and was one of the themes of the 2012/2013 two-year cycle. CSD-19 was held in May 2011 to negotiate policy options related to the thematic cluster for the CSD 18-19 cycle: transport, chemicals, waste management, mining and the Ten-Year Framework of Programmes (10YFP) on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Patterns.
  • The United Nations declared 2010 as International Year of Biodiversity to highlight the crucial role that biodiversity has in the lives of each individual, raise awareness of the actions taken by people worldwide to fight against biodiversity loss and increase understanding of the vital role that biodiversity plays in sustaining life on Earth.
  • January 2002 JPOI (Chap. 4)
    In 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development, in Johannesburg, addresses biological diversity in Chapter 4, paragraph 44, of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. The Johannesburg Summit also endorses the target to achieve, by 2010, a significant reduction of the rate of biodiversity loss at global, regional and national levels as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on earth, which had some months earlier been adopted by the sixth meeting of the CBD Conference of Parties (COP).
  • The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) was launched in 2000 with the aim of appraising the impact that ecosystem change have on human well-being and of identifying the scientific basis for action to ensure a better conservation and sustainable use of these systems.
  • January 1992 UN CBD
    The Convention on Biological Diversity was inspired by the rising commitment of the International Community towards sustainable development. It represents a historical step forward in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, as well as the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
  • January 1992 Agenda 21 (Chap.15)
    Chapter 15 is devoted to conservation of biological diversity and is intended "to improve the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of biological resources, as well as to support the Convention on Biological Diversity".