United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development
Topics

Oceans and Seas

Description

Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal resources for their livelihoods. In addition, oceans are crucial for global food security and human health. They are also the primary regulator of the global climate, an important sink for greenhouse gases and they provide us with water and the oxygen we breathe. Finally, oceans host huge reservoirs of biodiversity.

The importance of oceans for sustainable development is widely recognized by the international community and embodied in Chapter 17 of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and various decisions taken by the Commission on Sustainable Development. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment emphasizes that all humans depend on the Earth’s ecosystems and the services they provide. In the Rio+20 outcome document,The future we want, Member States called for “holistic and integrated approaches to sustainable development that will guide humanity to live in harmony with nature and lead to efforts to restore the health and integrity of the Earth’s ecosystem”. In this context, they stressed, among others, the importance of “the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and seas and of their resources for sustainable development, including through their contributions to poverty eradication, sustained economic growth, food security and creation of sustainable livelihoods and decent work…”. Accordingly, the Proposal of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals submitted to the United Nations General Assembly in August 2014 contained sustainable development goal (SDG) 14 which aims to “Conserve and sustainable use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”. Issues related to oceans and seas are addressed in the 10 targets under SDG 14, as well as many other related SDGs, under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the outcome document of the United Nations summit for the adoption of the posst-2015 development agenda in 2015.

In order for oceans, seas and marine resources to successfully contribute to human well-being, ecosystem integrity, with properly functioning biogeochemical and physical processes, is required. This does not require unperturbed systems, but systems that have not suffered serious or irreversible harm. Ecosystem integrity allows for the provision of so-called supporting ecosystem services which, in turn, are the bases of important regulating, provisioning and cultural ecosystem services that are of crucial importance for humans. Whereas the benefits provided by oceans, seas and marine resources are important to all people, the poor, indigenous peoples, and vulnerable groups with a high dependency on natural resources and ecosystem services may have their well-being especially tied to these benefits. The link between oceans, seas and marine resources and human well-being is not one-sided. While an increase in human well-being is frequently generated at the cost of ecosystem integrity, it can also potentially reduce the negative anthropogenic impacts on the marine environment, for example due to a more sustainable use of resources, changes in production and consumption patterns and improved management and control of human activities. In order for this to happen, good governance and an enabling environment are however required.

Oceans, seas and marine resources are increasingly threatened, degraded or destroyed by human activities, reducing their ability to provide crucial ecosystem services. Important classes of threats are, among others, climate change, marine pollution, unsustainable extraction of marine resources and physical alterations and destruction of marine and coastal habitats and landscapes. The deterioration of coastal and marine ecosystems and habitats is negatively affecting human well-being worldwide.

Good governance, an enabling environment, sustainable land- and marine- based human activities, and adequate measures will be required to reduce the negative anthropogenic impacts on the marine environment, for example due to a more sustainable use of resources, changes in production and consumption patterns and improved management and control of human activities. Projects and measures should ideally be designed and implemented in an integrated, cross-sectoral and cross-scale manner, in line with the ecosystem approach and involving all stakeholders.

Human well-being cannot be achieved without the protection and conservation of the Earth’s ecosystem. To maintain the quality of life that the oceans have provided to humankind, while sustaining the integrity of their ecosystems, a change will be required in how humans view, manage and use oceans, seas and marine resources.

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Mozambique 6-Jun-2017
Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Closing Session 16-Feb-2017
Towards a Sustainable Development Goal on Oceans and Seas: Healthy, Productive and… Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 4-Feb-2014
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Canada, Israel and United States of America Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Iceland Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
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Southern Africa Region Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
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China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Croatia Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
New Zealand Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Sweden Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 7-May-2014
Group of 77 and China Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Bulgaria Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Poland and Romania Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 8-May-2014
Removal of Marine Debris from Reef Areas in Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu, India, J.K.… Day 1, Session 2 31-May-2019
An academy for implementing the Guidelines for sustainable and prosperous small-scale… Day 2, Session 6 31-May-2019
Queen Quet of the Gullah/Geechee people Day 2, Session 7 30-May-2019
Bulgaria and Croatia Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Maldives Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Poland and Romania Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Greece Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
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France, Germany and Switzerland Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Bangladesh Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Belgium Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Debate on Conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas; Ecosystems and biodiversity 3-Apr-2014
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Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) Discussion on elements for a Call for Action 15-Feb-2017
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Group of 77 and China Discussion on elements for a Call for Action 15-Feb-2017
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Tuvalu Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Sri Lanka Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Papua New Guinea Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Palau Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 17-Feb-2017
World Bank Group Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Philippines Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Sudan Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Chile Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 17-Feb-2017
Italy Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Iceland Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 15-Feb-2017
Timor-Leste Discussion on elements for a Call for Action (continued) 16-Feb-2017
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Russian Federation Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
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Pacific Small Island Developing States Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
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Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
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United States of America Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
Canada Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
China Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
Group of 77 and China Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
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India Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
Tonga Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
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Timor-Leste Discussion on the themes for the partnership dialogues 15-Feb-2017
Major Group: Women Major Groups 7-Jun-2017
Friends of Marine Life Major Groups 7-Jun-2017
Zero Vision Tool Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
A Rocha International Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Seventh Generation Fund for Indigenous Issues Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
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WWF International Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
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Global Ghost Gear Initiative Major Groups 16-Feb-2017
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Ocean Policy Research Institute of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
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Wildlife Conservation Society Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Foundation for Environmental Education Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
Global Foundation for Democracy and Development Inc. Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Ocean Frontier Institute Major Groups 7-Jun-2017
Center for Oceanic Awareness, Research, and Education Major Groups 7-Jun-2017
Comunidad y Biodiversidad A.C. Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Joint Statement from WWF, PIANGO, CI, TNC, Rare, Waitt Foundation, Oceana and MPA Action… Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
Major Group: Children and Youth Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
The Ocean Cleanup Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Global Ocean Commission Major Groups 2-Apr-2014
Pew Charitable Trusts, Ocean Unite, the Ecology Action Center and Pretoma Major Groups 15-Feb-2017
Mediterranean Protected Areas Network Major Groups 9-Jun-2017
Toward UN Sustainable Development Goals Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Zambia Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Finland Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Belarus and Serbia Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
European Union Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Nepal Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
China, Indonesia and Kazakhstan Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Maldives Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Republic of Korea Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Toward UN Sustainable Development Goals Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Major Group: Science & Technology Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Egypt Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Iran Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Norway Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
France, Germany and Switzerland Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
New Zealand Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Bangladesh Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Sweden Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Uganda Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 6-Feb-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Oceans and Seas, Forests, Biodiversity Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
Major Group: Science & Technology Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Poland and Romania Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Cyprus, Singapore and United Arab Emirates Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 5-Feb-2014
Japan Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 4-Feb-2014
Oceans Oceans and seas, forests, biodiversity 3-Feb-2014
H.E. Mr. Frederick Makamure Shava, Permanent Representative of Zimbabwe to the United… Opening 5-Jun-2017
H.E. Ms. Thorgerdur Katrin Gunnarsdottir, Minister of Fisheries and Agriculture,… Opening 8-Jun-2017
Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Opening 5-Jun-2017
H.E. Mr. Peter Thomson, President of the General Assembly Opening 5-Jun-2017
Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Opening Session 15-Feb-2017
H.E. Peter Thomson, President of the General Assembly Opening Session 15-Feb-2017
Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary General for Legal Affairs and United… Opening Session 15-Feb-2017
Mr. Jake Rice, Chief Scientist - Emeritus, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Dr. Jenna Jambeck, Associate Professor of Environmental Engineering Director of… Presentations 27-Sep-2018
Mr. Peter Kershaw, Chair of the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of… Presentations 5-Jun-2017
Mr. David Osborn, Director of the IAEA Environment Laboratories Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Ms. Cristiana Pasca Palmer, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Ms. Sybil Seitzinger, Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, School of Environmental… Presentations 5-Jun-2017
Mr. Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General, World Meteorological Organization Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Ms. Florence Galletti, Director of Research, Law of the Sea and Environmental Law,… Presentations 9-Jun-2017
Ms. Cyrie Sendashonga, Global Director, Program and Policy Group, IUCN Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Mr. Vladimir Ryabinin, Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic… Presentations 8-Jun-2017
Ms. Rahanna Juman, Deputy Director, Institute of Marine Affairs, Trinidad and Tobago Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Ms. Jennifer Dianto Kemmerly, Director, Monterey Bay Aquarium, US Presentations 7-Jun-2017
An overview of SDG 14 Ocean Conference Voluntary Commitments, including mangroves Presentations 12-Sep-2017
Mr. Amos Barkai, Co-Owner and CEO of OLSPS, South Africa Presentations 8-Jun-2017
Community of Ocean Action for Mangroves - 12 September 2018 Presentations 12-Sep-2018
Mr. Lin Shanqing, Deputy Administrator, State Oceanic Administration, China Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Community of Ocean Action for Mangroves - 20 September 2018 Presentations 20-Sep-2018
Community of Ocean Action for Mangroves - 7 September 2018 Presentations 7-Sep-2018
Mr. Kosi Latu, Director-General, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment… Presentations 5-Jun-2017
Ms. Carol Turley, PML Senior Scientist, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK Presentations 6-Jun-2017
Palestine Statements 8-Jun-2017
Holy See Statements 7-Jun-2017
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Germany Statements 8-Jun-2017
Pacific Community Statements 6-Jun-2017
Singapore Statements 8-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 2 Statements 9-Jun-2017
Estonia Statements 6-Jun-2017
H.E. Mr. Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard,… Statements 7-Jun-2017
Iran Statements 9-Jun-2017
Secretary-General's message on World Oceans Day Statements 8-Jun-2010
Belgium Statements 5-Jun-2017
Iceland Statements 6-Jun-2017
Bangladesh Statements 7-Jun-2017
Togo Statements 8-Jun-2017
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Ukraine Statements 7-Jun-2017
Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North -East Atlantic (OSPAR) Statements 9-Jun-2017
Barbados Statements 9-Jun-2017
Group of 77 and China Statements 6-Jun-2017
Spain Statements 7-Jun-2017
Republic of Korea Statements 9-Jun-2017
Mr. Michael Lodge, Secretary-General, International Seabed Authority Statements 9-Jun-2017
Nauru Statements 5-Jun-2017
Argentina Statements 7-Jun-2017
Nauru Statements 7-Jun-2017
Australia Statements 8-Jun-2017
Report of the Credentials Committee Statements 9-Jun-2017
Tanzania Statements 6-Jun-2017
Mexico Statements 7-Jun-2017
Nepal Statements 9-Jun-2017
Jamaica Statements 6-Jun-2017
United States of America Statements 7-Jun-2017
Algeria Statements 8-Jun-2017
Kenya Statements 7-Jun-2017
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Statements 8-Jun-2017
Cyprus Statements 5-Jun-2017
Holy See Statements 6-Jun-2017
Zimbabwe Statements 7-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 1 Statements 9-Jun-2017
Solomon Islands Statements 6-Jun-2017
Mr. Karl Brauner, Deputy Director-General, World Trade Organization Statements 7-Jun-2017
Czech Republic Statements 9-Jun-2017
Costa Rica Statements 6-Jun-2017
Norway Statements 7-Jun-2017
Albania Statements 8-Jun-2017
Oman Statements 7-Jun-2017
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Statements 9-Jun-2017
Iceland Statements 9-Jun-2017
Qatar Statements 6-Jun-2017
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Nigeria Statements 9-Jun-2017
Ms. Biliana Cicin-Sain, President, Global Ocean Forum, Professor of Marine Policy,… Statements 9-Jun-2017
Palau Statements 5-Jun-2017
Spain Statements 7-Jun-2017
New Zealand Statements 7-Jun-2017
Germany Statements 8-Jun-2017
H.E. Mr Peter Thomson, President of the General Assembly Statements 9-Jun-2017
Senegal Statements 6-Jun-2017
Honduras Statements 7-Jun-2017
El Salvador Statements 9-Jun-2017
South Africa Statements 6-Jun-2017
Croatia Statements 7-Jun-2017
United Nations Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) Statements 8-Jun-2017
Madagascar Statements 7-Jun-2017
International Labour Organization (ILO) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Romania Statements 5-Jun-2017
Iceland Statements 6-Jun-2017
Zimbabwe Statements 7-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 3 Statements 9-Jun-2017
United Arab Emirates Statements 6-Jun-2017
Mr. Arni Mathiesen, Assistant Director General , Food and Agricultural Organization of… Statements 7-Jun-2017
Turkey Statements 9-Jun-2017
Indonesia Statements 6-Jun-2017
Zambia Statements 7-Jun-2017
Tunisia Statements 8-Jun-2017
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Poland Statements 7-Jun-2017
Conservation International Statements 7-Jun-2017
Honduras Statements 9-Jun-2017
WWF International Statements 6-Jun-2017
Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Haiti Statements 9-Jun-2017
Timor-Leste Statements 7-Jun-2017
Maldives Statements 5-Jun-2017
Sierra Leone Statements 7-Jun-2017
Monaco Statements 6-Jun-2017
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Statements 8-Jun-2017
Singapore Statements 9-Jun-2017
Marshall Islands Statements 6-Jun-2017
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Statements 9-Jun-2017
Cabo Verde Statements 6-Jun-2017
Vanuatu Statements 7-Jun-2017
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Statements 8-Jun-2017
Timor-Leste Statements 7-Jun-2017
High Seas Alliance Statements 7-Jun-2017
Ship and Ocean Foundation Statements 9-Jun-2017
Helcom Statements 5-Jun-2017
New Zealand Statements 6-Jun-2017
Micronesia Statements 7-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 4 Statements 9-Jun-2017
Romania Statements 6-Jun-2017
Panama Statements 7-Jun-2017
Nicaragua Statements 9-Jun-2017
Barbados Statements 6-Jun-2017
Hungary Statements 7-Jun-2017
Russian Federation Statements 8-Jun-2017
Saint Lucia Statements 6-Jun-2017
Norway Statements 7-Jun-2017
Madagascar Statements 7-Jun-2017
Cyprus Statements 9-Jun-2017
Israel Statements 6-Jun-2017
Peru Statements 7-Jun-2017
Mongolia Statements 9-Jun-2017
European Union Statements 9-Jun-2017
Sri Lanka Statements 5-Jun-2017
Vietnam Statements 7-Jun-2017
Seychelles Statements 6-Jun-2017
Guatemala Statements 7-Jun-2017
Uruguay Statements 8-Jun-2017
Germany Statements 7-Jun-2017
Tonga Statements 6-Jun-2017
Malta Statements 7-Jun-2017
Secretariat of the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar) Statements 9-Jun-2017
Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Statements 13-Dec-2016
Thailand Statements 6-Jun-2017
Thailand Statements 7-Jun-2017
International Seabed Authority (ISA) Statements 9-Jun-2017
International Maritime Organization (IMO) Statements 5-Jun-2017
Guyana Statements 7-Jun-2017
Friends of Marine Life Statements 7-Jun-2017
Greece Statements 9-Jun-2017
Marshall Islands Statements 5-Jun-2017
Vanuatu Statements 6-Jun-2017
India Statements 8-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 5 Statements 9-Jun-2017
Portugal Statements 6-Jun-2017
Finland Statements 7-Jun-2017
Malaysia Statements 9-Jun-2017
Kiribati Statements 6-Jun-2017
Myanmar Statements 8-Jun-2017
Austria Statements 6-Jun-2017
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Saudi Arabia Statements 7-Jun-2017
CORDIO East Africa Statements 7-Jun-2017
Tuvalu Statements 9-Jun-2017
Seychelles Statements 6-Jun-2017
H.E. Mr. Oumar Gueye, Minister of Fisheries and Maritime Economy, Senegal Statements 7-Jun-2017
Slovenia Statements 9-Jun-2017
Tuvalu Statements 5-Jun-2017
Samoa Statements 6-Jun-2017
Peru Statements 7-Jun-2017
Philippines Statements 8-Jun-2017
Zero Vision Tool Statements 6-Jun-2017
Lebanon Statements 7-Jun-2017
Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM) Statements 9-Jun-2017
Morocco Statements 6-Jun-2017
International Labour Organization (ILO) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance Statements 9-Jun-2017
European Union Statements 5-Jun-2017
Cuba Statements 7-Jun-2017
Center for Oceanic Awareness, Research, and Education Statements 7-Jun-2017
Togo Statements 9-Jun-2017
Panama Statements 5-Jun-2017
France Statements 6-Jun-2017
Canada Statements 8-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 6 Statements 9-Jun-2017
Ireland Statements 6-Jun-2017
Japan Statements 7-Jun-2017
Pakistan Statements 9-Jun-2017
New Zealand Statements 6-Jun-2017
Greece Statements 8-Jun-2017
Norway Statements 6-Jun-2017
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Statements 7-Jun-2017
International Seabed Authority (ISA) Statements 8-Jun-2017
Republic of the Congo Statements 7-Jun-2017
Ghana Statements 8-Jun-2017
League of Arab States Statements 9-Jun-2017
Holy See Statements 6-Jun-2017
Mr. Milton Haughton, Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) Statements 7-Jun-2017
Mauritius Statements 9-Jun-2017
Belgium Statements 6-Jun-2017
Georgia Statements 7-Jun-2017
Antigua and Barbuda Statements 8-Jun-2017
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Statements 6-Jun-2017
Italy Statements 6-Jun-2017
Cambodia Statements 7-Jun-2017
United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) Statements 9-Jun-2017
Belize Statements 6-Jun-2017
Iceland Statements 7-Jun-2017
French Polynesia Statements 8-Jun-2017
Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations… Statements 9-Jun-2017
Micronesia Statements 5-Jun-2017
Montenegro Statements 7-Jun-2017
Ocean Care Statements 7-Jun-2017
Timor-Leste Statements 9-Jun-2017
Vanuatu Statements 8-Jun-2017
Report of the Co-Chair of Partnership Dialogue 7 Statements 9-Jun-2017
Dominican Republic Statements 6-Jun-2017
Papua New Guinea Statements 7-Jun-2017
Namibia Statements 9-Jun-2017

Milestones

  • The ocean covers 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, is the planet's largest biosphere, and home to up to 80 percent of all life in the world. It generates 50 percent of the oxygen we need, absorbs 25 percent of all carbon dioxide emissions and captures 90 percent of the additional heat generated from those emissions. It is not just ‘the lungs of the planet’ but also its largest carbon sink - a vital buffer against the impacts of climate change. It nurtures unimaginable biodiversity and produces food, jobs, mineral and energy resources needed for life on the planet to survive and thrive. There is a great deal we still do not know about the ocean but there are many reasons why we need to manage it sustainability - as set out in the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water. The science is clear – the ocean is facing unprecedent threats as a result of human activities. Its health and ability to sustain life will only get worse as the world population grows and human activities increase. If we want to address some of the most defining issues of our time such as climate change, food insecurity, diseases and pandemics, diminishing biodiversity, economic inequality and even conflicts and strife, we must act now to protect the state of our ocean.
  • January 2017 The Ocean Conference
    The high-level United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development was convened at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 to 9 June 2017, coinciding with World Oceans Day, to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14. The Governments of Fiji and Sweden have the co-hosting responsibilities of the Conference. The Conference aims to be the game changer that will reverse the decline in the health of our ocean for people, planet and prosperity. It will be solutions-focused with engagement from all. The Conference raised global consciousness on ocean issues, produced strong ambitious outcomes, including an intergovernmentally agreed political declaration “Our ocean, our future: call for action”, the co-chairs’ summaries of seven partnership dialogues, and over 1400 voluntary commitments from Governments, the UN system, IGOs, the Major Groups and other stakeholders - individually or in partnership – to advance the implementation of SDG 14 and related targets. The political declaration “Our ocean, our future: call for action” was adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017 through resolution A/71/312.
  • January 2015 SDG 14
    In paragraph 33 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Member States recognize that "social and economic development depends on the sustainable management of our planet’s natural resources" and determine to conserve and sustainably use oceans and seas, freshwater resources, as well as forests, mountains and dry-lands and to protect biodiversity, ecosystems and wildlife". Sustainable Development Goal 14 aims to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
  • January 2014 Samoa Pathway
    The Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States was held from 1 to 4 September 2014 in Apia, Samoa. The overarching theme of the conference was "The sustainable development of small island developing States through genuine and durable partnerships". The SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway (Samoa Pathway) adopted at the Conference addresses priority areas for SIDS and calls for urgent actions and support for SIDS’ efforts to achieve their sustainable development.
  • In the Rio+20 outcome document, Future We Want, Member States call for “holistic and integrated approaches to sustainable development that will guide humanity to live in harmony with nature and lead to efforts to restore the health and integrity of the Earth’s ecosystem”. In this context, they stress, inter alia, the importance of “the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and seas and of their resources for sustainable development, including through their contributions to poverty eradication, sustained economic growth, food security and creation of sustainable livelihoods and decent work”.
  • Adopted on the occasion of the Third Intergovernmental Review Meeting (IGR-3) on the Implementation of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (GPA), the Manila Declaration reaffirmed signatories' commitment to develop policies to reduce and control waste water, marine litter and pollution from fertilizers. The agreement includes a total of 16 provisions focusing on actions to be taken between 2012 and 2016 at international, regional and local levels.
  • THE SG’S Five-year Action Agenda has focused on 5 key priorities: sustainable development; prevention; building a safer and more secure world; supporting nations in transition and working with and for women and young people.
  • January 2003 UN Oceans
    The United Nations High-Level Committee on Programmes decided in 2003 the establishment of an Oceans and Coastal Areas Network (subsequently named "UN-Oceans") to build on SOCA. This entity would cover a wide range of issues and would be composed of the relevant programmes, entities and specialized agencies of the UN system and the secretariats of the relevant international conventions, including the International Seabed Authority and the Convention on Biological Diversity. At its 57th Session, the General Assembly invited the Secretary-General to establish an inter-agency coordination mechanism on oceans and coastal issues within the United Nations system. UN-Oceans has met on an annual basis since 2005.
  • Adopted on 4 August 1995, the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement) entered into force on 11 December 2001. The Agreement has been intended to facilitate the implementation of some particular provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea related to the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks.
  • January 1994 UNCLOS
    Also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is the international agreement resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), held between 1973 and 1982. The Convention was adopted in 1982 but entered into force only in 1994 after Guyana's ratification to the treaty as 60th signatory country. The Convention describes the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to their use of the world's oceans, establishing guidelines for businesses, the environment, and the management of marine natural resources.

Lisbon UN Ocean Conference

The ocean covers 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, is the planet's largest biosphere, and home to up to 80 percent of all life in the world. It generates 50 percent of the oxygen we need, absorbs 25 percent of all carbon dioxide emissions and captures 90 percent of the additional heat generated from those emissions. It is not just ‘the lungs of the planet’ but also its largest carbon sink - a vital buffer against the impacts of climate change.

It nurtures unimaginable biodiversity and produces food, jobs, mineral and energy resources needed for life on the planet to survive and thrive. There is a great deal we still do not know about the ocean but there are many reasons why we need to manage it sustainability - as set out in the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water.

The science is clear – the ocean is facing unprecedent threats as a result of human activities. Its health and ability to sustain life will only get worse as the world population grows and human activities increase. If we want to address some of the most defining issues of our time such as climate change, food insecurity, diseases and pandemics, diminishing biodiversity, economic inequality and even conflicts and strife, we must act now to protect the state of our ocean.

Read more here.

First UN Ocean Conference (2017, New York)

Our oceans, our future: partnering for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14

The high-level United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development (informally, The Ocean Conference) was convened at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 to 9 June 2017, coinciding with World Oceans Day, to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14. The Governments of Fiji and Sweden held the co-hosting responsibilities of the Conference.

Read more here.

Special Envoy for the Ocean

Peter Thomson

 

Learn about the latest activities of Peter Thomson, Special Envoy for the Ocean

Ocean Action Newsletter

Stay in touch with Ocean Action related news.

Background

At the high-level United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG 14) - The Ocean Conference - held in June 2017 at UN headquarters in New York, close to 1,400 voluntary commitments for concrete action to advance implementation of SDG 14 were made by governments, the United Nations system, civil society organizations, academia, the scientific community, and the private sector. These commitments, together with the Conference outcome document Our Ocean, Our Future: Call for Action, mark a global breakthrough on the path to sustainable management and conservation of our oceans, seas and marine resources.

Each of the Ocean Conference voluntary commitments addresses one or several of the SDG 14 targets, often with associated positive impact on other SDGs, including for example SDG 3 on good health and well-being and SDG13 on climate action, among others.

To follow-up on the implementation of these voluntary commitments; to catalyze and generate new voluntary commitments; and to facilitate collaboration and networking amongst different actors in support of SDG 14, the United Nations have launched nine thematic multi-stakeholder Communities of Ocean Action.

Each community is coordinated by designated focal points who work together with United Nations Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Ocean, Ambassador Peter Thomson, and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs in carrying out the activities.

For more information, visit: https://sdgs.un.org/topics/oceans-and-seas/coas