United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development
Topics

Chemicals and waste

Description

Chemicals

Environmentally sound management of "toxic chemicals" is the topic of Chapter 19 of Agenda 21. A substantial use of chemicals is essential to meet the social and economic goals of the world community, and these can be used with a high degree of safety when best practices are followed. However, much remains to be done. Two of the major problems identified in Agenda 21, particularly in developing countries, are

1. lack of sufficient scientific information for the risk assessment, and
2. lack of resources of assessment of chemicals for which data are at hand.

Gross chemical contamination, with grave damage to human health, genetic structures and reproductive outcomes and the environment, has been continuing within some of the world's most important industrial areas, and restoration will require major investment as well as the development of new techniques.

Chapter 19 contains six programme areas, as follows:

  • expanding and accelerating international assessment of chemical risks;
  • harmonization of classification and labelling of chemicals;
  • information exchange on toxic chemicals and chemical risks;
  • establishment of risk reduction programmes;
  • strengthening of national capabilities and capacities for management of chemicals; and
  • prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products.

In paragraph 23 of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI, 2002), Member States renewed the commitment, as advanced in Agenda 21, to sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and of hazardous wastes for sustainable development as well as for the protection of human health and the environment, inter alia, aiming to achieve, by 2020, that chemicals are used and produced in ways that lead to the minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment, using transparent science-based risk assessment procedures and science-based risk management procedures, taking into account the precautionary approach, as set out in principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and support developing countries in strengthening their capacity for the sound management of chemicals and hazardous wastes by providing technical and financial assistance.

The focus provided by Agenda 21 and JPOI on the sound management of chemicals led to a number of developments which culminated in 2006 with the adoption of the Dubai Declaration on International Chemicals Management and the formal establishment of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM).

At its second, fifth, eighteenth and nineteenth sessions, held in 1994, 1997, 2010 and 2011 respectively, the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) had substantive discussions on sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle.

In "The Future We Want", the outcome document of Rio+20 (2012), Member States reaffirmed their commitment to achieve, by 2020, the sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and of hazardous waste in ways that lead to minimization of significant adverse effects to human health and the environment, as set out in the JPOI. They also called for the effective implementation and strengthening of the SAICM.

In "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development", Member States re-confirmed to "reduce the negative impacts of urban activities and of chemicals which are hazardous for human health and the environment, including through the environmentally sound management and safe use of chemicals, the reduction and recycling of waste and the more efficient use of water and energy" . In Sustainable Development Goal 3 "Ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all ages", in target 3.9, Member States decided to "by 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination". In Goal 6 "Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all", target 6.3, Member States decided to "by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally". In Goal 12 "Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns", target 12.4, Member States reiterated to "by 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment".

 

Waste (Hazardous)

"Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes" is the subject of Chapter 20 of Agenda 21. Effective control of the generation, storage, treatment, recycling and reuse, transport, recovery and disposal of hazardous wastes is, according to Agenda 21, "of paramount importance for proper health, environmental protection and natural resource management, and sustainable development." Prevention of the generation of hazardous wastes and the rehabilitation of contaminated sites are the key elements, and both require knowledge, experienced people, facilities, financial resources and technical and scientific capacities.

Among the overall targets of Chapter 20 are the following:

1. preventing or minimizing the generation of hazardous wastes as part of an overall integrated cleaner production approach;
2. eliminating or reducing to a minimum transboundary movements of hazardous waste;
3. ratifying the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal;
4. ratifying and full implementation of the Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa; and
5. eliminating the export of hazardous wastes to countries that prohibit such imports.

Managing hazardous wastes was discussed by the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) at its second, fifth, seventh, eighteenth and nineteenth sessions and by the General Assembly at its nineteenth Special Session.

In paragraph 23 of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI, 2002), Member States renewed the commitment, as advanced in Agenda 21, to sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and of hazardous wastes for sustainable development as well as for the protection of human health and the environment.

In 2004, the Ministerial Statement on Partnerships for Meeting the Global Waste Challenge was adopted at the seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. The Statement recognizes the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes as part of the wider issues of water protection, improved sanitation, solid waste management and economic and social development. It calls for the reduction of the impacts of hazardous wastes on human health and the environment and promotes a fundamental shift in emphasis from remedial measures to preventive measures such as reduction at source, reuse, recycling and recovery. It recognizes the importance of mobilizing new and additional financial resources to build partnerships to meet the global waste challenge worldwide.

In "The Future We Want", the outcome document of Rio+20 (2012), Member States reaffirmed their commitment to achieve, by 2020, the sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and of hazardous waste in ways that lead to minimization of significant adverse effects to human health and the environment, as set out in the JPOI.

 

Waste (Solid)

Management of solid wastes and sewage are the subject of Chapter 21 of Agenda 21.

As considered in Chapter 21, solid wastes include all domestic refuse and non-hazardous wastes such as commercial and institutional wastes, street sweepings and construction debris and, in some countries, human wastes. Hazardous waste is frequently intermixed with other waste, posing particular management challenges.

Chapter 21 was considered by the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) at its second, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighteenth and nineteenth sessions.

At the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, Governments reaffirmed the importance of solid waste management. They called for priority attention to be given to waste prevention and minimization, reuse and recycling. They also called for the development of environmentally sound disposal facilities, including technology to convert waste into energy.

In "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development", in Sustainable Development Goal 11 " Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable", target 11.6, Member States decided to"by 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management". In Goal 12 "Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns", Member States also decided to, in target 12.3, "by 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses", and reiterated in target 12.4 "by 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment". In target 12.5, Member States decided to "by 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse".

For additional information, see the UNEP waste management website.

 

Waste (Radioactive)

The safe and environmentally sound management of radioactive wastes is the subject of Chapter 22 of Agenda 21. The chapter notes that the radiological and safety risk from radioactive waste varies, from very low for short-lived, low-level waste, to very large for high-level waste. Annually, about 200,000 m3 of low-level and intermediate-level waste and 10,000 m3 of high-level waste (as well as spent nuclear fuel destined for final disposal) are generated worldwide from nuclear power production, and these volumes are increasing.

The objective of Chapter 22 is to ensure that radioactive waste is safely managed, transported, stored and disposed of, with a view to protecting human health and the environment, within the wider framework of an interactive and integrated approach to radioactive waste management and safety.

The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) considered the safety of radioactive wastes during its fifth session in 1997, seventh session in 1999, in relation to transboundary movement of this waste, and again during its ninth session in 2001, in relation to nuclear energy technologies.

As a result of its deliberations on this issue, the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 stressed the importance of effective liability measures for international maritime transportation and other transboundary movement of radioactive material, radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, and encouraged Governments to examine and improve measures and internationally agreed regulations regarding the safe handling, transport and disposal of this waste.

Displaying 1 - 156 of 156
Title Type Sort descending Date
SAICM/PREPCOM.2/INF/14 - Further input on health aspects of chemical safety submitted by the World Health… 21-Sep-2004
CSD18/2010/BP7 - MEETING SUMMARY: Inaugural Meeting on the Regional 3R Forum in Asia Background papers/Special studies 2-Jun-2011
CSD18/2010/BP6 - CHAIR'S SUMMARY: International Consultative Meeting on Expanding Waste Management… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP16 - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Work in the area of chemicals, including… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2011
CSD18/2010/BP3 - Water Issues: Contributing to the Success of the eighteenth and nineteenth sessions of the… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP13 - Waste Management, Chemicals, Sustainable Production and Consumption, Mining and Transport… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP7 - MEETING SUMMARY: Inaugural Meeting on the Regional 3R Forum in Asia Background papers/Special studies 2-Jun-2011
CSD18/2010/BP5 - AN INFORMATION NOTE ON PROMOTING INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE AT CSD-18 Background papers/Special studies 2-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP16 - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Work in the area of chemicals, including… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2011
CSD18/2010/BP13 - Waste Management, Chemicals, Sustainable Production and Consumption, Mining and Transport… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
Working Paper on Solid Waste Management and Sewage Related Issues Background papers/Special studies 1-Dec-1999
CSD18/2010/BP5 - AN INFORMATION NOTE ON PROMOTING INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE AT CSD-18 Background papers/Special studies 2-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP16 - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Work in the area of chemicals, including… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2011
A/CONF.199/20 - Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development Background papers/Special studies 4-Sep-2002
CSD18/2010/BP13 - Waste Management, Chemicals, Sustainable Production and Consumption, Mining and Transport… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD-2: BP - Solid Waste (UNCHS Task Manager) Background papers/Special studies 1-Dec-1999
CSD18/2010/BP5 - AN INFORMATION NOTE ON PROMOTING INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE AT CSD-18 Background papers/Special studies 2-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP9 - Five Year Review of the Mauritius Strategy for the further implementation (MSI+5) of the… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
Report to the Commission on Sustainable Development on Chapter 20 of Agenda 21: Environmentally Sound Management… Background papers/Special studies 22-Mar-1994
CSD-18: A/AC.105/944 - Contribution of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to the work of the… Background papers/Special studies 1-Jul-2009
CSD18/2010/BP4 - Paving the Way to Sustainable Consumption and Production - Marrakech Process Progress Report… Background papers/Special studies 1-Jun-2011
CSD18/2010/BP9 - Five Year Review of the Mauritius Strategy for the further implementation (MSI+5) of the… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD-2: BP - Hazardous Wastes (UNEP Task Manager) Background papers/Special studies 22-Mar-1994
CSD-18: A/AC.105/944 - Contribution of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to the work of the… Background papers/Special studies 1-Jul-2009
CSD18/2010/BP3 - Water Issues: Contributing to the Success of the eighteenth and nineteenth sessions of the… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD18/2010/BP7 - MEETING SUMMARY: Inaugural Meeting on the Regional 3R Forum in Asia Background papers/Special studies 2-Jun-2011
CSD18/2010/BP9 - Five Year Review of the Mauritius Strategy for the further implementation (MSI+5) of the… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
CSD-18: A/AC.105/944 - Contribution of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to the work of the… Background papers/Special studies 1-Jul-2009
CSD18/2010/BP3 - Water Issues: Contributing to the Success of the eighteenth and nineteenth sessions of the… Background papers/Special studies 3-May-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.7 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by business and industry Meeting reports 18-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.4 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by non-governmental… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW.7/29 - Report on the implementation of the decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its Sixth… Meeting reports 23-Sep-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.9 - Note by the Secretariat: Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by farmer… Meeting reports 12-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/1994/19 - Conference on Chemical Safety Meeting reports 12-May-1994
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.1 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by women Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.6 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by workers and trade unions… Meeting reports 13-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/3/29 - Follow-up to the World Summit on Sustainable Development Meeting reports 8-Apr-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.2 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by children and youth Meeting reports 19-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2001/PC/19 - Management of toxic chemicals and hazardous and radioactive wastes Meeting reports 14-Mar-2001
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.7 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by business and industry Meeting reports 18-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/1994/L. 6 - Radioactive wastes Meeting reports 24-May-1994
UNEP/POPS/COP.1/30 - Summary of the results of four case studies on regional and subregional centres for capacity-… Meeting reports 27-Jan-2005
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.4 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by non-governmental… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW.7/27 - Partnership for meeting the global waste challenge Meeting reports 6-Oct-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.9 - Note by the Secretariat: Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by farmer… Meeting reports 12-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.1 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by women Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.5 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by local authorities Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/3/27 - International cooperation, including cooperation with the World Trade Organization and the… Meeting reports 13-Apr-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.2 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by children and youth Meeting reports 19-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/1997/21 - Contribution of Conf. of Parties to UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Meeting reports 4-Apr-1997
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.7 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by business and industry Meeting reports 18-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/1994/L. 4 - Hazardous wastes Meeting reports 24-May-1994
UNEP/POPS/COP.1/11 - Technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of persistent organic pollutant… Meeting reports 20-Jan-2005
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.4 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by non-governmental… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW.7/13 - Basel Convention Partnership Programme Meeting reports 30-Aug-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.8 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by the scientific and… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11 - Major Groups Discussion Papers on Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining, and the… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.5 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by local authorities Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/1994/L.4 - Hazardous wastes Meeting reports 24-May-1994
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/3/7 - Work programme for the Basel Convention Partnership Programme Meeting reports 24-Mar-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.2 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by children and youth Meeting reports 19-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.7 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by business and industry Meeting reports 18-Feb-2010
Africa Review Report on Chemicals Meeting reports 2-Aug-2009
UNEP/POPS/COP.1/INF/23 - Guidance for a global monitoring programme for persistent organic pollutants Meeting reports 11-Feb-2005
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.3 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by indigenous peoples Meeting reports 16-Feb-2010
UNEP/CHW.7/9 - Implementation of existing technical guidelines Meeting reports 19-Aug-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.8 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by the scientific and… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11 - Major Groups Discussion Papers on Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining, and the… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.5 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by local authorities Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/3/4 - Strategic plan for the implementation of the Basel Convention: capacity-building Meeting reports 22-Mar-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.2 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by children and youth Meeting reports 19-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.6 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by workers and trade unions… Meeting reports 13-Jan-2010
Africa Review Report on Waste Management Meeting reports 9-Oct-2009
UNEP/POPS/COP.1/INF/12 - Technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of persistent organic… Meeting reports 8-Mar-2005
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.3 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by indigenous peoples Meeting reports 16-Feb-2010
UNEP/CHW.7/2 - Compilation of draft decisions forwarded by the Open-ended Working Group to the Conference of… Meeting reports 25-Aug-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.8 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by the scientific and… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11 - Major Groups Discussion Papers on Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining, and the… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.5 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by local authorities Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.9 - Note by the Secretariat: Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by farmer… Meeting reports 12-Feb-2010
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/3/2 - Strategic plan for the implementation of the Basel Convention Report on progress Meeting reports 30-Mar-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.1 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by women Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.6 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by workers and trade unions… Meeting reports 13-Jan-2010
Transport, Mining, Chemicals and Waste Management, and Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns:… Meeting reports 29-Sep-2009
UNEP/POPS/COP.1/INF/12 /REV.1 - Technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of persistent… Meeting reports 8-Mar-2005
E/CN.17/1994/L.6 - Radioactive wastes Meeting reports 24-May-1994
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.3 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by indigenous peoples Meeting reports 16-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2001/PC/19 - Management of toxic chemicals and hazardous and radioactive wastes Meeting reports 14-Mar-2001
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/4/2 - Basel Convention Partnership Programme Meeting reports 6-Jun-2005
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.8 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by the scientific and… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/1994/L.1 - Toxic chemicals Meeting reports 24-May-1994
E/CN.17/2010/11 - Major Groups Discussion Papers on Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining, and the… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.4 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by non-governmental… Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW.7/30 - Follow-up to the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Report on progress Meeting reports 22-Sep-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.9 - Note by the Secretariat: Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by farmer… Meeting reports 12-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.1 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by women Meeting reports 12-Jan-2010
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.6 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by workers and trade unions… Meeting reports 13-Jan-2010
UNEP/CHW/OEWG/3/30 - National definitions of hazardous wastes Meeting reports 1-Mar-2004
E/CN.17/2010/11/Add.3 - Discussion papers submitted by major groups Contributions by indigenous peoples Meeting reports 16-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2001/PC/19 - Management of toxic chemicals and hazardous and radioactive wastes Meeting reports 14-Mar-2001
UNEP/FAO/PIC/INC.9/21 - Report of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for an International Legally Binding… Other documents 14-Nov-2002
Waste Management (Hazardous & Solid Wastes) Other documents 3-Nov-2009
SAICM/PREPCOM.2/INF/26 - Principles to be operationalised within the plan of action and concrete measures Other documents 5-Oct-2004
UNEP/GC/22/INF/38 - Contribution of the United Nations Environment Programme to the implementation of the… Other documents 29-Jan-2003
Sustainable Development in Latin America and the Caribbean: Trends, Progress, and Challenges In Sustainable… Other documents 27-Dec-2009
SAICM/PREPCOM.2/INF/23 - Paper presenting the views of the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management… Other documents 1-Oct-2004
ST/SG/AC.10/C.4/2001/14 - Follow-up to Agenda 21, Chapters 19, 20 and 21: Report of the Secretary-General on the… Other documents 9-May-2001
UNEP/GC/22/INF/3 - Global mercury assessment Other documents 13-Dec-2002
Concept Note Other documents 13-Feb-2010
UNEP/GC/21/INF/20 - Enhanced coherence and efficiency among international activities related to chemicals Other documents 24-Jan-2001
Presentations in CSD-18 Other documents 13-Feb-2010
UNEP/GC/23/INF/19 - Other documents 23-Dec-2004
SAICM texts and resolutions of the International Conference on Chemicals Management Other documents 29-Aug-2012
UNEP/FAO/PIC/INC.11/7 - Report of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for an International Legally Binding… Other documents 18-Aug-2004
UNEP/FAO/PIC/INC.10/24 - Report of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for an International Legally Binding… Other documents 21-Nov-2003
Chemicals Other documents 3-Nov-2009
SAICM/PREPCOM.2/4 - Report of the second session of the Preparatory Committee for the Development of a Strategic… Other documents 16-Nov-2004
Summary of the Co-Chairs - Open Working Group on SDGs - Seventh Session Outcome Documents 21-Mar-2014
E/CN.17/2001/PC/9 - Report of the Secretary-General on Sustainable human settlements development and environmentally… Secretary-General Reports 14-Mar-2001
A/65/298 - Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes… Secretary-General Reports 16-Jul-2010
E/CN.17/2010/5 - Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI):… Secretary-General Reports 18-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2011/6 - Policy options and actions for expediting progress in implementation: Waste Management Secretary-General Reports 20-Dec-2010
E/CN.17/1999/6/Add.2 - Addendum to the SG Report on the Barbados Programme of Action - Management of Wastes Secretary-General Reports 19-Jan-1999
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.19/Corr.1 - Corrigendum to Report Management of Hazardous Wastes Secretary-General Reports 11-Mar-1997
E/CN.17/1994/15 - Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous Waste Secretary-General Reports 4-May-1994
E/CN.17/2011/6 - Policy options and actions for expediting progress in implementation: Waste Management Secretary-General Reports 20-Dec-2010
E/CN.17/1998/7/Add.2 - Management of Wastes in Small Island Developing States Secretary-General Reports 10-Feb-1998
E/CN.17/1994/7 - Hazardous Wastes Secretary-General Reports 21-Apr-1994
E/CN.17/2010/6 - Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI): Waste… Secretary-General Reports 18-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/1994/15 - Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous Waste Secretary-General Reports 4-May-1994
E/CN.17/2011/5 - Policy options and actions for expediting progress in implementation: chemicals Secretary-General Reports 16-Dec-2010
E/CN.17/1998/7/Add.2 - Management of Wastes in Small Island Developing States Secretary-General Reports 10-Feb-1998
A/55/447 - Contribution of the United Nations Environment Programme to the implementation of Agenda 21 and the… Secretary-General Reports 3-Oct-2000
E/CN.17/2010/6 - Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI): Waste… Secretary-General Reports 18-Feb-2010
A/71/190 - Cooperative measures to assess and increase awareness of environmental effects related to waste… Secretary-General Reports 25-Jul-2016
E/CN.17/1994/15 - Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous Waste Secretary-General Reports 4-May-1994
A/65/298 - Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes… Secretary-General Reports 16-Jul-2010
E/CN.17/1998/7/Add.2 - Management of Wastes in Small Island Developing States Secretary-General Reports 10-Feb-1998
A/53/156-E/1998/78 - Products harmful to health and the environment Secretary-General Reports 29-Jun-1998
E/CN.17/2010/6 - Review of implementation of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI): Waste… Secretary-General Reports 18-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/2010/14 - Integrated review of the thematic cluster of mining, chemicals, waste management, transport and… Secretary-General Reports 24-Feb-2010
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.21 - Safe and Environmentally Sound Management of Radioactive Wastes Secretary-General Reports 22-Jan-1997
A/56/115-E/2001/92 - Products harmful to health and the environment Secretary-General Reports 20-Jun-2011
E/CN.17/1994/6 - Toxic Chemicals Secretary-General Reports 18-Apr-1994
A/65/298 - Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes… Secretary-General Reports 16-Jul-2010
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.20 - Environmentally Sound Management of Solid Wastes and Sewage-Related Issues Secretary-General Reports 22-Jan-1997
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.18 - Environmentally Sound Management of Toxic Chemicals Secretary-General Reports 17-Jan-1997
E/CN.17/1999/6/Add.2 - Addendum to the SG Report on the Barbados Programme of Action - Management of Wastes Secretary-General Reports 19-Jan-1999
A/65/298 - Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes… Secretary-General Reports 16-Jul-2010
A/68/258 - Cooperative measures to assess and increase awareness of environmental effects related to waste… Secretary-General Reports 24-Jul-2013
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.1 - Environmentally Sound Management of Toxic Chemicals Secretary-General Reports 17-Jan-1997
E/CN.17/2011/6 - Policy options and actions for expediting progress in implementation: Waste Management Secretary-General Reports 20-Dec-2010
E/CN.17/1999/6/Add.2 - Addendum to the SG Report on the Barbados Programme of Action - Management of Wastes Secretary-General Reports 19-Jan-1999
E/CN.17/1997/2/Add.19 - Environmentally Sound Management of Hazardous Wastes Secretary-General Reports 22-Jan-1997
Summary of Side Event - Achieving Sustainable Development through the Sound Management of Chemicals and… Side events 13-Jan-2014
TST Issues Brief: Sustainable Consumption and Production, including Chemicals and Waste Technical Support Team (TST) Issues Briefs 29-Oct-2013
Displaying 1 - 286 of 286
Title Category Sort descending Date
Israel Chemicals 4-May-2010
Czech Republic Chemicals 5-May-2010
Spain Chemicals 5-May-2010
Japan Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
European Union Chemicals 4-May-2010
Challenges faced by developing countries in risk assessment, prevention and… Chemicals 5-May-2010
Barbados Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Argentina Chemicals 4-May-2010
Namibia Chemicals 5-May-2010
United States of America Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Norway Chemicals 4-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Chemicals 5-May-2010
Turkey Chemicals 5-May-2010
Mexico Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Finland Chemicals 4-May-2010
African Group Chemicals 5-May-2010
Major Group: NGOs Chemicals 5-May-2010
Brazil Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
AUC Chemicals 4-May-2010
Presentation: ICCA Case Study Chemicals 12-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
SAICM/CEE Chemicals 4-May-2010
Food & Agriculture Organization Chemicals 5-May-2010
Chemical Safety 2 - movie on YouTube Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Women Chemicals 5-May-2010
Noway Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Group of 77 & China Chemicals 4-May-2010
Arab Group Chemicals 5-May-2010
Nigeria Chemicals 5-May-2010
Australia Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Australia Chemicals 4-May-2010
Presentation: Multiple Challenges; Multiple Solutions Chemicals 12-May-2010
Major Group: Science & Technology Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Slovenia Chemicals 4-May-2010
France Chemicals 5-May-2010
Sustainable Solutions for the Sound Management of Chemicals Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Thailand Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Indigenous Peoples Chemicals 4-May-2010
Brazil Chemicals 5-May-2010
Republic of Korea Chemicals 5-May-2010
Canada Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Brazil Chemicals 4-May-2010
Presentation: Practical Approach in Chemicals Legislation - Japan's Experience Chemicals 12-May-2010
Major Group: Women Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Sweden Chemicals 4-May-2010
CSD 19 - Intergovernmental Preparatory meeting Chemicals Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
National and Regional Experiences on Promoting Chemical Safety Through Life Cycle Chemicals 4-May-2010
India Chemicals 5-May-2010
South Africa Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Indonesia Chemicals 4-May-2010
Major Group: Children & Youth Chemicals 5-May-2010
Major Group: Scientific & Technological Community Chemicals 5-May-2010
European Union Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Major Group: Business & Industry Chemicals 4-May-2010
Major Group: Workers & Trade Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Switzerland Chemicals 4-May-2010
Chemicals: Options for Addressing Barriers to Sustainable Development Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
H.E. Dr. Ivan Erzen Chemicals 4-May-2010
Jamaica Chemicals 5-May-2010
Switzerland Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
International Labour Organization Chemicals 4-May-2010
China Chemicals 5-May-2010
South Africa Chemicals 5-May-2010
Group of 77 & China Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Canada Chemicals 4-May-2010
Switzerland Chemicals 12-May-2011
The Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals: Cooperation and… Chemicals 5-May-2010
Armenia Chemicals 1-Mar-2011
Arab Group Chemicals 4-May-2010
Kenya Chemicals 5-May-2010
One planet living – the case for SCP in the Post 2015 sustainable development framework Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 8-Jan-2014
One planet living – the case for SCP in the Post 2015 sustainable development framework Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 8-Jan-2014
One planet living – the case for SCP in the Post 2015 sustainable development framework Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups 8-Jan-2014
Presentation: Assessment of Lindane in Mexico: An effort towards risk reduction and global… Mining 12-May-2010
Poland Statements 12-May-2011
UNEP Statements 1-Mar-2011
Poland Statements 12-May-2011
Poland Statements 12-May-2011
Poland Statements 12-May-2011
Beyond Sustainability: From Limits... To Growth Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Bulgaria and Croatia Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 13-Jan-2014
Major Group: Women Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Poland and Romania Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Major Group: NGOs Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 9-Jan-2014
European Union Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Brazil and Nicaragua Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 11-Jan-2014
Bangladesh Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 7-Jan-2014
Serbia Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 9-Jan-2014
Montenegro and Slovenia Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 12-Jan-2014
Major Group: Business & Industry Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Denmark, Norway and Ireland Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 9-Jan-2014
France, Germany and Switzerland Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
GAHP-Global Alliance on Health and Pollution Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Australia, The Netherlands and United Kingdom Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 10-Jan-2014
Italy, Spain and Turkey Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Canada, Israel and United States of America Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Sustainable Consumption and Production Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Sweden Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 9-Jan-2014
SDG‘s and Resource Management Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
World Tourism Organization Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste) 8-Jan-2014
Zero Waste: A Key Stepping Stone to Sustainability Waste 5-May-2010
Major Group: Women Waste 6-May-2010
Switzerland Waste 5-May-2010
Israel Waste 2-Mar-2011
Australia Waste 5-May-2010
Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: Status, Perspectives and Capacity… Waste 2-Mar-2011
Major Group: Children & Youth Waste 6-May-2010
UN-HABITAT Waste 2-Mar-2011
Sri Lanka Waste 6-May-2010
Nepal Waste 5-May-2010
China Waste 2-Mar-2011
African Group Waste 5-May-2010
Converting Trash into Electricity - Eliminating the Unwanted, While Creating the Needed Waste 2-Mar-2011
Magne Gas Waste 6-May-2010
Russia Waste 2-Mar-2011
Indonesia Waste 6-May-2010
United States of America (Annex 2) Waste 2-Mar-2011
European Union Waste 5-May-2010
Australia Waste 2-Mar-2011
Zero Waste: A Key Stepping Stone to Sustainability Waste 5-May-2010
Zambia Waste 6-May-2010
Turkey Waste 5-May-2010
Japan Waste 2-Mar-2011
UN-HABITAT Waste 2-Mar-2011
Canada Waste 5-May-2010
Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: Status, Perspectives and Capacity… Waste 2-Mar-2011
Major Group: Farmers Waste 6-May-2010
Sri Lanka Waste 6-May-2010
Nepal Waste 5-May-2010
European Union Waste 2-Mar-2011
African Group Waste 5-May-2010
Converting Trash into Electricity - Eliminating the Unwanted, While Creating the Needed Waste 2-Mar-2011
Magne Gas Waste 6-May-2010
South Africa Waste 2-Mar-2011
Italy Waste 6-May-2010
United States of America (Annex 2) Waste 2-Mar-2011
European Union Waste 5-May-2010
Barbados Waste 2-Mar-2011
Zero Waste: A Key Stepping Stone to Sustainability Waste 5-May-2010
Major Group: Women Waste 5-May-2010
Mexico Waste 2-Mar-2011
UN-HABITAT Waste 2-Mar-2011
China Waste 5-May-2010
Organic Waste: An underutilized resource Waste 2-Mar-2011
France Waste 6-May-2010
Sri Lanka Waste 6-May-2010
Nepal Waste 5-May-2010
European Union Waste 2-Mar-2011
African Union Commission Waste 5-May-2010
Waste to Resources: A Global Challenge Waste 2-Mar-2011
Argentina Waste 6-May-2010
Thailand Waste 2-Mar-2011
Morocco Waste 6-May-2010
United States of America (Annex 2) Waste 2-Mar-2011
Group of 77 & China Waste 5-May-2010
Brazil Waste 2-Mar-2011
Panel Tratamiento de Desechos Caso Bogotá - Colombia Waste 5-May-2010
Hazardous Waste - Interactive Discussions and Ministerial Round Table on Waste… Waste 6-May-2010
Norway Waste 2-Mar-2011
United States of America Waste 2-Mar-2011
China Waste 5-May-2010
Organic Waste: An underutilized resource Waste 2-Mar-2011
Gabon Waste 6-May-2010
Introduction of the Report of the Secretary-General on Waste Management Waste 5-May-2010
Sweden Waste 6-May-2010
Major Group: NGOs Waste 5-May-2010
European Union Waste 2-Mar-2011
African Union Commission Waste 5-May-2010
Waste to Resources: A Global Challenge Waste 2-Mar-2011
Brazil Waste 6-May-2010
UNEP Waste 2-Mar-2011
Palestine Waste 6-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Waste 2-Mar-2011
Indonesia Waste 5-May-2010
Cambodia Waste 2-Mar-2011
Panel Tratamiento de Desechos Caso Bogotá - Colombia Waste 5-May-2010
Hazardous Waste - Interactive Discussions and Ministerial Round Table on Waste… Waste 6-May-2010
Pacific SIDS Waste 2-Mar-2011
United States of America (Annex 1) Waste 2-Mar-2011
China Waste 5-May-2010
Organic Waste: An underutilized resource Waste 2-Mar-2011
Germany Waste 6-May-2010
Introduction of the Report of the Secretary-General on Waste Management Waste 5-May-2010
Thailand Waste 6-May-2010
Norway Waste 5-May-2010
Group of 77 & China Waste 2-Mar-2011
African Union Commission Waste 5-May-2010
Waste to Resources: A Global Challenge Waste 2-Mar-2011
Major Group: Business & Industry Waste 6-May-2010
UNEP Waste 2-Mar-2011
Vietnam Waste 6-May-2010
Major Group: NGOs Waste 2-Mar-2011
Israel Waste 5-May-2010
Canada Waste 2-Mar-2011
Panel Tratamiento de Desechos Caso Bogotá - Colombia Waste 5-May-2010
Hazardous Waste - Interactive Discussions and Ministerial Round Table on Waste… Waste 6-May-2010
Pacific SIDS Waste 2-Mar-2011
United States of America (Annex 1) Waste 2-Mar-2011
Ethiopia Waste 5-May-2010
Algeria Waste 2-Mar-2011
India Waste 6-May-2010
Introduction of the Report of the Secretary-General on Waste Management Waste 5-May-2010
Uganda Waste 6-May-2010
Republic of Korea Waste 5-May-2010
India Waste 2-Mar-2011
AOSIS Waste 5-May-2010
Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: Status, Perspectives and Capacity… Waste 2-Mar-2011
Cambodia Waste 6-May-2010
UNEP Waste 2-Mar-2011
Senegal Waste 6-May-2010
Japan Waste 5-May-2010
Chile Waste 2-Mar-2011
African Group Waste 5-May-2010
Converting Trash into Electricity - Eliminating the Unwanted, While Creating the Needed Waste 2-Mar-2011
Magne Gas Waste 6-May-2010
Pacific SIDS Waste 2-Mar-2011
Major Group: Indigenous Peoples Waste 6-May-2010
United States of America (Annex 1) Waste 2-Mar-2011
European Union Waste 5-May-2010
Armenia Waste 2-Mar-2011
Kenya Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Business & Industry Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Turkey Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
European Union Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
India Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Thailand Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Strategies for Sustainable Waste Management Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Republic of Korea Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Europena Union Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Nigeria Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Colombia Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Women Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Indonesia Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Indonesia Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Turkey Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Strategies for Sustainable Waste Management Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Scientific & Technological Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
CARICOM Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Poland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Estonia Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Iran Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Major Group: Indigenous Peoples Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Farmers Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Australia Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
South Africa Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Finland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Costa Rica Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Poland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Ethiopia Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Israel Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Ireland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Indigenous Peoples Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Major Group: Business & Industry Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Spain Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
France Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
European Union Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Slovenia Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Poland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Europena Union Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Republic of Korea Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Israel Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Science & Technology Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Major Group: Business & Industry Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Switzerland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
European Union Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Group of 77 & China Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Sweden Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Poland Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Europena Union Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Nigeria Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Japan Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Major Group: Women Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Major Group: Business & Industry Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Thailand Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
European Union Waste Management and Chemicals 12-May-2011
Guatemala Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Strategies for Sustainable Waste Management Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Iran Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Europena Union Waste Management and Chemicals 13-May-2010
Outcome of the RIM: Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining & 10 10-year… Western Asia 4-May-2010
Outcome of the RIM: Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining & 10 10-year… Western Asia 4-May-2010
Outcome of the RIM: Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining & 10 10-year… Western Asia 4-May-2010
Outcome of the RIM: Transport, Chemicals, Waste Management, Mining & 10 10-year… Western Asia 4-May-2010

Milestones

  • The 2030 Agenda is committed to "reduce the negative impacts of urban activities and of chemicals which are hazardous for human health and the environment, including through the environmentally sound management and safe use of chemicals, the reduction and recycling of waste and more efficient use of water and energy". Target 3.9 aims to "substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination" by 2030. In the context of ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, target 6.3 is focused on improving by 2030 "water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated waste water and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally". Under Sustainable Development Goal 12, targets 12.3-12,5 respectively read "halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses" by 2030, "achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment" by 2020 and "substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse" by 2030.
  • CSD-19 was held in May 2011 to negotiate policy options related to the thematic cluster for the CSD 18-19 cycle: transport, chemicals, waste management, mining and the Ten-Year Framework of Programmes (10YFP) on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Patterns. CSD-19 had substantive discussions on sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and considered Chapter 21 of Agenda 21 on solid waste and sewage-related issues.
  • The Dubai Declaration on International Chemicals Management is part of the Strategic Approach to international Chemicals Management (SAICM). Besides an expressing high-level political commitment to SAICM, the Declaration contains as well an Overarching Policy Strategy which sets out its scope, needs, objectives, financial considerations underlying principles and approaches and implementation and review arrangements. Objectives are grouped under five themes: risk reduction; knowledge and information; governance; capacity-building and technical cooperation; and illegal international traffic.
  • Adopted at COP7 in 2004, the Statement recognizes the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes as part of the wider issues of water protection, improved sanitation, solid waste management and economic and social development. It calls for the reduction of the impacts of hazardous wastes on human health and the environment and promotes a fundamental shift in emphasis from remedial measures to preventive measures such as reduction at source, reuse, recycling and recovery. It recognizes the importance of mobilizing new and additional financial resources to build partnerships to meet the global waste challenge worldwide.
  • January 2002 JPOI (Chap.3 -Para 23)
    In paragraph 23, Member States renewed the commitment, as advanced in Agenda 21, to sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and of hazardous wastes for sustainable development as well as for the protection of human health and the environment, inter alia, aiming to achieve, by 2020, that chemicals are used and produced in ways that lead to the minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment, using transparent science-based risk assessment procedures and science-based risk management procedures, taking into account the precautionary approach, as set out in principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and support developing countries in strengthening their capacity for the sound management of chemicals and hazardous wastes by providing technical and financial assistance.
  • January 2001 CSD-9
    The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) considered the safety of radioactive wastes during its ninth session in 2001, in relation to nuclear energy technologies.
  • January 1997 CSD-5
    At its fifth session, held in 1997, the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) had substantive discussions on sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle. The Commission also considered the safety of radioactive wastes.
  • January 1992 Agenda 21 (Chap.19-21)
    Chapter 19 of Agenda 21 deals with the environmentally sound management of "toxic chemicals". Two of the main problems identified in Agenda 21, particularly in developing countries, are the lack of sufficient scientific information for the risk assessment, and and the lack of resources of assessment of chemicals for which data are at hand. Chapter 20 takes care of the "Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes, including prevention of illegal international traffic in hazardous wastes", whereas Chapter 21 is devoted to the "Environmentally Sound Management of Solid Wastes and Sewage-related issues".