The purpose of this briefing paper is to provide a contextual understanding of the challenges and opportunities of climate change in relation to human settlements in Small Island Developing States (SIDS). It is also an attempt at collecting initial thoughts in response to the call of Small Island Developing States for “the strengthening of the long-standing cooperation and support provided by the international community” and “enable strong, genuine and
durable partnerships at the subnational, national, subregional, regional and international levels” (UNGA 2014).
The report of the third International Conference on SIDS contains various references to urbanization, such
as land and housing, water and sanitation, energy, and infrastructure. UN-Habitat noted the call upon it and
others for “establishing and maintaining, where necessary, the governance and management structures for […] human settlements that bring together responsibilities and expertise in the areas of tourism, environment, health, disaster risk reduction, culture, land and housing, transportation, security and immigration, planning and development, and enabling a meaningful partnership approach among the public and private sector and local communities” (UNGA 2014 p11:para30:g).