The 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement put forth an innovative and complementary framework for accelerating action and achieving ambitious sustainable development objectives. Under the 2030 Agenda, a series of 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) have been agreed that are to be universally achieved. Under the Paris Agreement countries are expected to submit a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which outlines their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and strengthen resilience to climate change.
UNDP has unique experience supporting countries to develop Intended NDCs (INDCs), leading global public consultations to define SDGs, and most recently to support governments in designing and implementing NDC and SDG roadmaps to meet these commitments. Building on this experience across a range of countries and development contexts, nine entry points have been identified as critical for fostering greater complementarity between NDCs and SDGs. These nine entry points are presented here, along with some initial questions and considerations to start the alignment process. Examples from UNDP’s experience in countries are also provided to illustrate how these entry points translate in a country context.