United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Womens land rights

    Description
    Intro

    The Land sector has been subsumed in a number of issues and challenges that have curtailed the achievement of the national development goals. The key ones include: the need to address the historical injustices and colonial legacies, which have resulted in multiple rights and interests over the same piece of land; disposition and loss of land by women; border disputes arising out of tribal, ethnic groupings and trans-state border disputes; and the ineffective dispute resolution mechanisms, which have resulted into illegal evictions of the vulnerable groups notably; Children, women. Women face significant obstacles in realizing their rights to marital property due to traditional norms and practices. There is often unreliable land information and as such decisions are based on human testimonies and other non-documented means. Women face significant obstacles in realizing their rights to marital property due to traditional norms and practices. a widow was only able to inherit the marital home in practice if she was the joint owner of the home; or her husband stipulated in his will that the widow was to inherit his share. However, unless the wife is appointed sole executor of the will, she is likely to face challenges to take possession of her inherited property due to interference from her husband’s family. Even where the wife was appointed the sole executor of the will, she is likely to face obstacles in taking sole responsibility of the estate. The amount of registered land that includes women is still quite low and no deliberate efforts are being implemented to increase the number of women with secure land rights need to be made in order to enhance rural, urban and national development. Furthermore, many Ugandans especially the women do not have the funds to acquire and pay for the title processing in order to achieve security of tenure even when the Land Lord is willing to offer ownership rights for more than 49 years. Lastly, the lack of knowledge both in rural and urban areas about land rights especially the women’s land rights who are often victims of land grabbing and insecurity of tenure. The practice therefore promotes security of tenure with a special focus on the women.

    Description

    Disputes concerning land have triggered a number of wars, conflicts worldwide. Similarly, at the family level, resource sharing has caused disharmony resulting into domestic disputes, land grabbing, disinheritance, suicide, homelessness and leaving grassroots women with no safety. Such disharmony manifests itself in domestic violence problems in administering estate of deceased persons/ husbands in addition to separation/ neglect and divorce amongst others. Therefore, promoting secure women’s land rights is essential for providing room, safety, and creating identity and basis for domicile or dwelling place to reside in permanently. Marginalizing women from accessing land results into complicated disputes needing resolution. The involvement of women in Agriculture is 80% and yet Agriculture contributes over 50% of Uganda’s GDP. Furthermore, Agriculture exports make 80% of export income. It is therefore important to promote secure women land rights in a bid to boost development and to promote the sustainable development goals. Land rights determine women’s dignity, equality and human rights but discriminatory policies and practices still prevent women and girls from realizing those rights. These policies and practices include insufficient capacity and political will, societal barriers, lack of awareness, understanding and insufficient access to legal services. So women continue to encounter persistent barriers to their land rights despite laws and policies that preserve those rights in many countries in the world. Not only is land vital to her rights. Research has shown that when women have secure rights to land, it is more likely that opportunities will emerge to break the cycle of poverty and improve the lives of women, their families, and whole communities. The objectives therefore include To promote secure women’s land rights through sensitization and awareness. To increase financial inclusion for economic development for the women. To encourage gender equality. To encourage land acquisition and increase the number of women with security of tenure and ownership of property. To get more women to speak about Land issues in line with the Uganda 2040 agenda.

    Contribution to SDG Implementation

    The campaign will start in August 2019 as a pilot. It involves sensitization meeting at the grass roots in order to educate more people about the importance of security of tenure for the women. The campaign started in Mpigi district where there are many women that expressed problems regarding insecurity of tenure. Many of them engage in Agriculture and yet they have no documentation on the land they till. Many of them carry out subsistence farming and yet they have enough land to commercialize their agriculture. Some women will be selected for registration and will be given documentation. The chosen women will be linked to a financial institution to access credit after acquiring financial literacy. The chosen women will be monitored to ensure there is value addition in having secure tenure. The women are linked to organizations like Chain Uganda which is into agriculture and teaches the women how to make use of land but also to enage in value addition for their produce. They are also linked to our partner Centenary Bank which through the Supa women club teached women how to strive for economic empowerment through financial literacy, training opportunities and giving them a platform to market their products to fellow women.

    Implementation methodologies

    Community sensitization meetings are held at the grassroots and after the meeting the facilitator asks for the number of those ready for registration of their land. The impact of women getting involved in land matters is assess as well as the reaction of men towards having equal opportunity and rights to land with the women. We have them segmented into those who are able to register their land and those who would wish to but are unable because of the cost involved. There are forms to capture data of all attendees to enable follow up. Those interested in registration but incapacitated by funds are also registered and further one on one interviews are held with them in order to devise means of helping them on a case by case basis. CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION Certificate of registration are issued to clients who register their bibanja as well as a land electronic card. MARKETING STRATEGY Announcements will be made in churches and mosques Make use of radio Buwama and local radios Have a drive around the parish Make use of the Local council leaders as well as Kabaka’s chief network Disribute flyers in local language talking about security of tenure and the processes. The project uses minimal resources because there are not enough funds. We use the little we have and spend a maximum of $2000 for every activity. Each activity reached out to more than 100 women and we have had eight engagement since the project began

    Results

    The number of women that attend these meeting are a sign that women are getting more and more involved in affairs that will help them empower their livelihood. The number of women with legal documents of their land has increased by 20% since 2019. Inorder to encourage land acquisition, we have organised women into groups so that they are able to save collectively and buy land using higher bargaining power of collectivity and then the land is shared equally amongst them. This has been beneficial to over 50 women who have acquired land that would otherwise have been double the cost of what they get it at. These women are able to then carry out activities on their land with confidence that they are the owners of this land.

    Factors and Constraints

    Enablers - partnerships, the Buganda Kingdom's social position is strong therefor people believe in the projects that it does. Some financing from the partners as well as the Buganda Land Board itself The good will of the leaders at the grassroots who help us organise these women Constraints- Corvid 19 restrictions for this we resorted to making phone calls and talking to these women directly. Financial constraints were handled by making sure that we work using a minimal budget

    Sustainability and replicability

    OUTCOMES 1. Women are sensitized about the need for security of tenure as a way of economic empowerment. 2. Mindset change - The men are sensitized for the to be okay with a woman to have ownership of land. The women also gain confidence in owning and managing land thus dismantling patriarchy. 3. Poverty reduction – security of tenure is a pillar to development through better agricultural practices and proper land use that will yield better produce that can be sold out. Land will be used as collateral for credit that can be used to enhance one’s business. 4. Better living – security of tenure encourages one to build permanent structures. MONITORING AND EVALUATION After implementation of each activity Arrangements are made with Buganda Land Board to have the registration done on ground to save the tenants from transport costs and reluctance after the sensitization meeting has been done. I link up with other Women’s rights organization to inform them of the work being done The Buganda Kingdom is made up of 18 counties. Only two counties have been handled. There is a demand to have the project extended to other counties. Since security of tenure is legalised, then issues to do with land grabbing are limited.

    COVID-19 Impact

    The activity required us to meet these women at the grass roots therefore 2020 was really stalled with the corvid 19 pandemic. However working with the normal, we wear masks and follow the standard procedures given to us by the ministry of health. However we restrict the number of attendees. Because we largely deal with the rural woman, use of internet is so low therefore having virtual sessions was made difficult and almost impossible. However, we have decided to put the cost of internet into our budgets for 2021 ignorer to provide unlimited data to the area offices. Not much has been done especially since not many women have gadgets or smart phones that would support virtual convening.

    Contact Name
    Cissy
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    Organization/entity
    Buganda Land Board
    SDGs
    Geographical coverage
    Timeline
    01 August 2019 (start date)
    31 March 2022 (date of completion)
    More information
    Countries
    Uganda
    Uganda
    Partnership
    N/A
    Contact Information

    Cissy, Partnership and Business Development Manager