United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 Bringing nature back into our lives


    The European Union (EU) Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 responds to an alarming loss of nature that undermines our wellbeing and prosperity. It is a comprehensive, ambitious and long-term plan to protect nature and reverse the degradation of ecosystems. The Strategy aims to put Europe's biodiversity on a path to recovery by 2030, and contains over 100 specific actions and commitments ranging across several policy areas. It is the proposal for the EU’s contribution to the upcoming international negotiations on the global post-2020 biodiversity framework. It will benefits everyone, as nature delivers services to all people.


    The biodiversity strategy aims to put Europe’s biodiversity on the path to recovery by 2030 for the benefit of people, climate and the planet. It contains specific commitments and actions to 2030: - Establishing a larger EU-wide network of protected areas on land and at sea. - Launching an EU nature restoration plan - concrete commitments and actions to restore degraded ecosystems by 2030 and manage them sustainably, addressing the key drivers of biodiversity loss. - Introducing measures to enable the necessary transformative change - governance framework, knowledge, financing and investments, business decision-making. - Introducing measures to tackle the global biodiversity crisis, working towards an ambitious global biodiversity framework under the Convention on Biological Diversity.

    Contribution to SDG Implementation

    Biodiversity and ecosystems feature prominently across many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. They contribute directly to human well-being and development priorities. Biodiversity is at the centre of many economic activities, particularly those related to crop and livestock agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Globally, nearly half of the human population is directly dependent on natural resources for its livelihood, and many of the most vulnerable people depend directly on biodiversity to fulfil their daily subsistence needs.

    Implementation methodologies

    The aim is to adopt a whole of the society approach to implementation and mainstream biodiversity across all European Union's (EU) policies and funds. The European Commission will put in place a new European biodiversity governance framework. This will help map obligations and commitments and set out a roadmap to guide their implementation. As part of this new framework, the European Commission will put in place a monitoring and review mechanism. This will include a clear set of agreed indicators and will enable regular progress assessment and set out corrective action if necessary. This mechanism will feed the Environmental Implementation Review and contribute to the European Semester. The new governance framework will ensure co-responsibility and co-ownership by all relevant actors in meeting the EU’s biodiversity commitments. It will support administrative capacity building, transparency, stakeholder dialogue, and participatory governance at different levels. The Commission will assess the progress and suitability of this approach in 2023, and consider whether a legally binding approach to governance is needed. To meet the needs of this strategy, at least €20 billion a year should be unlocked for spending on nature, including private and public funding at national and EU level, through a range of different programmes in the long-term EU budget. As nature restoration will make a major contribution to climate objectives, a significant proportion of the 25% of the EU budget dedicated to climate action will be invested on biodiversity and nature-based solutions. In addition, the Commission will boost the engagement of business, improve knowledge, education and skills, and work on measuring and integrating the value of nature.


    NA – see previous point on implementation.

    Factors and Constraints

    n/a (early stages of implementation)

    Sustainability and replicability

    The measures presented in this strategy will demonstrate that the European Union is ready to lead by example to address the global biodiversity crisis. This will be used in particular when working towards the successful adoption of an ambitious global biodiversity framework under the Convention on Biological Diversity.

    COVID-19 Impact

    The strategy responds to the COVID-19 crisis. Nature degradation increases the risk of outbreaks of zoonotic diseases. Resilient ecosystems will reduce that risk. In the post-COVID-19 context, the strategy aims to build our societies’ resilience to future threats such as: - the impacts of climate change, - forest fires, - food insecurity, - disease outbreaks - including by protecting wildlife and fighting illegal wildlife trade. Nature restoration and protection create jobs and growth, and nature-based solutions will be an integral part of building back better.

    Contact Name
    European Commission
    Geographical coverage

    European Union (and indirectly states party to the Convention on Biological Diversity)

    20 May 2020 (start date)
    01 May 2030 (date of completion)
    Contact Information

    Laia , Policy Officer SDGs