Paragraph 33 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development focuses on the linkage between sustainable management of the planet’s natural resources and social and economic development as well as on “strengthen cooperation on desertification, dust storms, land degradation and drought and promote resilience and disaster risk reduction”.
Sustainable Development Goal 15 of the 2030 Agenda aims to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”.
The economic and social significance of a good land management, including soil and its contribution to economic growth and social progress is recognized in paragraph 205 of the Future We Want. In this context, Member States express their concern on the challenges posed to sustainable development by desertification, land degradation and drought, especially for Africa, LDCs and LLDCs. At the same time, Member States highlight the need to take action at national, regional and international level to reverse land degradation, catalyse financial resources, from both private and public donors and implement both the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and its 10- Year Strategic Plan and Framework (2008-2018).
Furthermore, in paragraphs 207 and 208 of the Future We Want, Member States encourage and recognize the importance of partnerships and initiatives for the safeguarding of land resources, further development and implementation of scientifically based, sound and socially inclusive methods and indicators for monitoring and assessing the extent of desertification, land degradation and drought. The relevance of efforts underway to promote scientific research and strengthen the scientific base of activities to address desertification and drought under the UNCCD is also addressed.
Combating desertification and drought were discussed by the Commission on Sustainable Development in several sessions. In the framework of the Commission's multi-year work programme, CSD 16-17 focused, respectively in 2008 and 2009, on desertification and drought along with the interrelated issues of Land, Agriculture, Rural development and Africa.
In accordance with its multi-year programme of work, CSD-8 in 2000 reviewed integrated planning and management of land resources as its sectoral theme. In its decision 8/3 on integrated planning and management of land resources, the Commission on Sustainable Development noted the importance of addressing sustainable development through a holistic approach, such as ecosystem management, in order to meet the priority challenges of desertification and drought, sustainable mountain development, prevention and mitigation of land degradation, coastal zones, deforestation, climate change, rural and urban land use, urban growth and conservation of biological diversity.
The sectoral cluster of land, desertification, forests and biodiversity, as well as mountains (chapters 10-13 and 15 of Agenda 21) were considered by CSD-3 in 1995 and again at the five-year review in 1997.
The UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) called upon the United Nations General Assembly to establish an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INCD) to prepare, by June 1994, an international convention to combat desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa. The Convention was adopted in Paris on 17 June 1994 and opened for signature there on 14-15 October 1994. It entered into force on 26 December 1996.
Deserts are among the "fragile ecosystems" addressed by Agenda 21, and "combating desertification and drought" is the subject of Chapter 12. Desertification includes land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. Desertification affects as much as one-sixth of the world's population, seventy percent of all drylands, and one-quarter of the total land area of the world. It results in widespread poverty as well as in the degradation of billion hectares of rangeland and cropland.
Integrated planning and management of land resources is the subject of chapter 10 of Agenda 21, which deals with the cross-sectoral aspects of decision-making for the sustainable use and development of natural resources, including the soils, minerals, water and biota that land comprises. This broad integrative view of land resources, which are essential for life-support systems and the productive capacity of the environment, is the basis of Agenda 21's and the Commission on Sustainable Development's consideration of land issues.
Expanding human requirements and economic activities are placing ever increasing pressures on land resources, creating competition and conflicts and resulting in suboptimal use of resources. By examining all uses of land in an integrated manner, it makes it possible to minimize conflicts, to make the most efficient trade-offs and to link social and economic development with environmental protection and enhancement, thus helping to achieve the objectives of sustainable development. (Agenda 21, para 10.1) The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is the task manager for chapter 10 of Agenda 21.
|Title||Type Sort descending||Date|
|Background papers/Special studies||1-Jun-1995|
|Resolutions and decisions||16-Dec-2015|
|Resolutions and decisions||23-Dec-2015|
|Resolutions and decisions||14-Dec-2015|
|Resolutions and decisions||17-Aug-2007|
|Resolutions and decisions||20-Dec-2013|
|Technical Support Team (TST) Issues Briefs||10-May-2013|
|Title||Category Sort descending||Date|
|Panel and Plenary Discussions on Agriculture, Land and Rural Development||Asia and the Pacific||6-May-2008|
|World Meteorological Organization (WMO)||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|Combating Desertification and Land Degradation: Sustainable Land Management (SLM)||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Business & Industry||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Business & Industry||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Children & Youth||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Indigenous Peoples||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: NGOs||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|Republic of Korea||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: NGOs||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Group of 77 & China||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|Prioritizing responses to desertification||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Science & Technology||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|United States of America||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Workers & Trade||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|United States of America||Desertification||7-May-2008|
|CSD- 17 Intergovernmental Preparatory Meeting Panel on Desertification||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Group of 77 & China||Desertification||26-Feb-2009|
|Mexico||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Workers & Trade||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Canada (Part 2)||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Farmers (Part 2)||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Palestine||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Czech Republic||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Indigenous Peoples||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Israel||Desertification & Drought||26-Feb-2009|
|Senegal||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|European Union||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: NGOs||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|United States of America||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Guatemala||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Science & Technology||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Zambia||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Iran||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Women (Part 1)||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Children & Youth||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Japan||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Women (Part 2)||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Canada (Part 1)||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Farmers (Part 1)||Desertification & Drought||8-May-2008|
|New Zealand||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)||Desertification, drought and land degredation||22-May-2013|
|Argentina||Desertification, drought and land degredation||24-May-2013|
|Uruguay||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|Zimbabwe||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|Saudi Arabia||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|Tanzania||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|Togo||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|South Africa||Desertification, drought and land degredation||23-May-2013|
|United States of America||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Business & Industry||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Indigenous Peoples||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Drought and its impact on hunger and poverty||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Group of 77 & China||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Science & Technology||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Business & Industry||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|Drought: The Other Side of Water, Seeking Root Causes and Sustainable Root Solutions||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Group of 77 & China||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Science & Technology||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|Land Use Planning and Early Warning Systems for Limiting Drought Impacts and Promoting…||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|World Meteorological Organization||Drought||7-May-2008|
|United States of America||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Women||Drought||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Workers & Trade||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Children & Youth||Drought||7-May-2008|
|Republic of Korea||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: NGOs||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|United States of America||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Group of 77 & China||Land||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Business & Industry||Land||7-May-2008|
|Land Tenure and Land Use Management||Land||7-May-2008|
|Mr. Rowshan Jahan||Land||7-May-2008|
|Major Group: Science & Technology||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Integrated Management of Land Use, Land Cover, and Hydrology: Preparing for Climate…||Land||7-May-2008|
|Land policy and tenure at the World Bank||Land||8-May-2008|
|Group of 77 & China||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|European Union (Part 1)||Land||8-May-2008|
|Togo (Part 1)||Land||7-May-2008|
|Ensuring the Sustainable Use of Commons: Conserving and Building - Common Property||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Business & Industry||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: NGOs||Land||8-May-2008|
|Major Group: Workers & Trade||Land||7-May-2008|
|European Union (Part 2)||Land||8-May-2008|
|Togo (Part 2)||Land||7-May-2008|
|Land Policy Options: Lessons Learned & Best Practices||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Women||Land||8-May-2008|
|Policy Framework and Options for Sustainable Land Management (SLM)||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|Major Group: Indigenous Peoples||Land||25-Feb-2009|
|United States of America||Land||7-May-2008|
|Summary: High-level Segment Roundtable 3 Integrated Land & Water Management for…||Land, Water, Agriculture & Rural Development||13-May-2009|
|Desertification, Drought & Invasive species in SIDS||SIDS||12-May-2008|
|Message on the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought||Statements||17-Jun-2010|
January 2015 SDG 15 - DesertificationSDG 15 aims at protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss. Target 15.3 in particular reads to achieve "by 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world".
January 2012 Future We Want (Para 205-209)The economic and social significance of a good land management, including soil and its contribution to economic growth and social progress is also recognized in paragraph 205 of the Future We Want. In this context, Member States express their concern on the challenges posed to sustainable development by desertification, land degradation and drought, especially for Africa, LDCs and LLDCs. At the same time, Member States highlight the need to take action at national, regional and international level to reverse land degradation, catalyze financial resources, from both private and public donors and implement both the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and its 10- Year Strategic Plan and Framework (2008-2018). Furthermore, in paragraphs 207 and 208 of the Future We Want, Member States encourage and recognize the importance of partnerships and initiatives for the safeguarding of land resources, further development and implementation of scientifically based, sound and socially inclusive methods and indicators for monitoring and assessing the extent of desertification, land degradation and drought. The relevance of efforts underway to promote scientific research and strengthen the scientific base of activities to address desertification and drought under the UNCCD is also taken into account by paragraph 208.
January 2010 UN Decade on DesertificationLaunched by the General Assembly with the adoption of Resolution A/RES/64/201, the UN Decade for Deserts and the Fight Against Desertification was designed to address the Parties'concern about the worsening of the situation of desertification and its negative impact on the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. The Decade started in January 2010 and will end in December 2020 with the aim of promoting action ensuring the protection of dry-lands.
January 2008 CSD-16 (Chap.2 C,D,E)CSD-16 focused on the thematic cluster of agriculture, rural development, land, drought, desertification and Africa.
January 2006 Int. Year of Deserts and DesertificationThe International Year of Deserts and Desertification was launched to highlight the threat represented by the advancing of deserts and the loss it may cause to biodiversity. Through this International Year, the UN aimed at raising public awareness on this issue and at reversing the trend of desertification, setting the world on a safer and more sustainable path of development.
January 2000 CSD-8 (Chap. 4)As decided at UNGASS, the economic, sectoral and cross-sectoral themes under consideration for CSD-8 were sustainable agriculture and land management, integrating planning and management of land resources and financial resources, trade and investment and economic growth.CSD-6 to CSD-9 annually gathered at the UN Headquarters for spring meetings. Discussions at each session opened with multi-stakeholder dialogues, in which major groups were invited to make opening statements on selected themes followed by a dialogue with government representatives.
January 1996 UNCCDThe only legally binding international agreement connecting environment and development to sustainable land management, UNCCD addresses the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found. In 2007 the 10-Year Strategy of the UNCCD (2008-2018) was adopted and on that occasion, parties to the Convention further specified their goals: "to forge a global partnership to reverse and prevent desertification/land degradation and to mitigate the effects of drought in affected areas in order to support poverty reduction and environmental sustainability". The Convention was adopted in Paris on 17 June 1994 and entered into force on 26 December 1996, 90 days after the 50th ratification was received. 194 countries and the European Union are Parties as at April 2015.
January 1992 Agenda 21 (Chap. 10 and 12)Integrated planning and management of land resources is the subject of chapter 10 of Agenda 21, which deals with the cross-sectoral aspects of decision-making for the sustainable use and development of natural resources, including the soils, minerals and water that land comprises. Included in the sections devoted to the management of fragile ecosystems, chapter 12 has focused on combating desertification and droughts. The priority to keep in mind while combating desertification is identified by Chap 12.3 in the need to implement "preventive measures for lands that are not yet degraded, or which are only slightly degraded. However, the severely degraded areas should not be neglected. In combating desertification and drought, the participation of local communities, rural organizations, national Governments, non-governmental organizations and international and regional organizations is essential".