United NationsДепартамент по экономическим и социальным вопросам Sustainable Development
Goals
11

Сделать города и населенные пункты открытыми, безопасными, жизнеспособными и устойчивыми

Targets and Indicators

Target

11.1

By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums

11.1.1

Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Target

11.2

By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

11.2.1

Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

Target

11.3

By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

11.3.1

Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate

11.3.2

Proportion of cities with a direct participation structure of civil society in urban planning and management that operate regularly and democratically

Target

11.4

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage

11.4.1

Total expenditure (public and private) per capita spent on the preservation, protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by type of heritage (cultural, natural, mixed and World Heritage Centre designation), level of government (national, regional and local/municipal), type of expenditure (operating expenditure/investment) and type of private funding (donations in kind, private non-profit sector and sponsorship)

Target

11.5

By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations

11.5.1

Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 peoplea

11.5.2

Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global GDP, including disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic servicesa

Target

11.6

By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management

11.6.1

Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by cities

11.6.2

Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted)

Target

11.7

By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

11.7.1

Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities

11.7.2

Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months

Target

11.a

Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

11.a.1

Proportion of population living in cities that implement urban and regional development plans integrating population projections and resource needs, by size of city

Target

11.b

By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels

11.b.1

Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030a

11.b.2

Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategiesa

Target

11.c

Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

11.c.1

Proportion of financial support to the least developed countries that is allocated to the construction and retrofitting of sustainable, resilient and resource-efficient buildings utilizing local materials

Progress and Info

Before the pandemic, cities experienced rising slum dweller populations, worsening air pollution, minimal open public spaces and limited convenient access to public transport. The COVID-19 direct and indirect impacts are making reaching the goal even more unlikely, with increases in the number of slum dwellers and those who have downgraded to live in slum-like conditions, while also worsening of the quality of life and vulnerabilities for those already living in slums.

Over the years, the number of slum dwellers continues to grow, reaching over 1 billion in 2018. Slum-dwellers are most prevalent in three regions-- Eastern and South-Eastern Asia (370 million), sub-Saharan Africa (238 million) and Central and Southern Asia (226 million).

According to 2019 data from 610 cities in 95 countries, about half of the urban population has convenient access to public transport, measured as living within 500 meters walking distance to low-capacity transport systems (like buses or trams) and 1,000 meters to high-capacity systems (such as trains and ferries). Due to COVID-19 response measures in countries throughout 2020,access to public transport in cities worldwide was significantly disrupted – from partial closures and guidelines on reduced capacities to total closure of networks.

Data collected from a sample of 911 cities from 114 countries in 2020 show that, through the 1990-2019 period, spatial urbanization is happening much faster than population growth, and smaller cities are urbanizing faster than bigger ones. On average, all regions except sub-Saharan Africa and Eastern and South-Eastern Asia recorded a consistent increase in the built-up area per capita, with Australia and New Zealand recording the highest values.

Data from a sample of 911 cities from 114 countries shows that in 2020, the share of urban area allocated to streets and open public spaces averages only about 16% globally, well below the UN-Habitat’s recommendations of 30% to street and an additional 10–15% to open public spaces.

As of March 2021, 156 countries have developed national urban policies, with almost half already in the implementation stage. A further breakdown shows that 38% of the countries are in the early stages of developing their plans, while 13% are monitoring and evaluating how well these plans are functioning.

Source: Advance unedited copy of 2021 report of the Secretary-General on Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals