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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Xploration Coastline Curacao

OceansX (
Civil society organization

    The essence of Xploration Coastline is to match the demand of water production & treatment in the most energy efficient way for multiple small Islands and/or multinational coastline regions.

    The Xploration Coastline concept describes a network of floating (mobile) water production & treatment plants (assets) that operate coordinated along a coastline or between groups of Islands. This network is centrally operated. Operations are fully automated. Data (demand, weather, logistics, maintenance, etc.) and AI optimize operations as they learn. A governance body - a committee with a solid support base in the region - is in place to take overall responsibility and declare priorities in case of escalation beyond routine operations.

    The asset is a floating maritime water and energy microgrid and is capable of delivering 1000 cubic meters of potable water every 24 hours. The asset has a minimal footprint optimizing the integrated clean energy systems on board. The modular build enables customization of every asset depending on demand, operation mode and/or role in the Xploration Coastline network. All processes on board are automated focussing the need for human capital on predictive (and incident) maintenance and towage.

    The first of class will be operated from Curaçao in Sint Joris baai facilitating agricultural and regional development in that area. Meanwhile the asset is stand-by to provide pre-planned, efficient and (more) sustainable Humanitarian Aid within the region. Partnerships with the local utility company and the University of Curacao have been established. An actionable plan has being worked out with policymakers of Curaçao and is signed by the Board of Ministers. Meanwhile a community of practitioners is active to, in this stage, share knowledge and experiences to act on the motto: ‘for all, by all’.

    The advancement of technologies in the power-2-H2O value chain will be significant. The Xploration Coastline Living Lab enables us to accommodate all new inputs - independent of their Technology Readiness Level (TRL). This Living Lab will kick-off in Aqua-dock Rotterdam. In a local public-private- partnership this Minimum Viable Product will be upgraded together with local schools, universities, institutions, entrepreneurs and government.

    The multilayer governance structure of Xploration Coastline is divided over three entities: a vision-keeper, a mission-keeper and an asset responsible entity. Each entity has its responsibility and unique role within the grand Xploration. This governance structure is able to provide clarity and legality for all involved, now and for the future.

    The vision is anchored in society by Foundation OceansX. Foundation OceansX is set out to unleash our collective potential around complex social challenges.

    The mission is the responsibility of OceansX Ltd. An actionable entity that formulates, drives and pivots the Xploration Coastline mission, being: drive cumulative successes in line with the essence of Xploration Coastline. OceansX Ltd. has and is limited to one stakeholder being Foundation OceansX.

    The asset responsibility is delegated towards a consortium of companies and/or institutions who are in charge of building, maintaining and operating the (network of) asset(s). Every consortium operates under a license (per geographical area, time, etc.) of OceansX Ltd.

    Expected Impact

    The expected impact of Xploration Coastline Curaçao is threefold:

    1. Provide the first need for drinking water in an efficient and sustainable way for Humanitarian aid operations: Xploration Coastline Curacao concept is able to deploy a mobile asset delivering 1000m3 of potable water in the Caribbean part of the Dutch Kingdom and the Caribbean region. This supports local authorities and international aid organizations in the region to optimize operations. This by enhancing standardization, enabling proactiveness, driving efficiency and sustainablility when providing quick-response clean drinking water and sanitary facilities. Xploration Coastline Curaçao supports objective 6.1 of the UN Sustainable Development goals, regarding universal and equal access to safe and affordable drinking water for everyone, objective 3.9 on reducing the death rate due to unsafe water, unsafe sanitary facilities and lack of hygiene and other environmental factors, and also objective 13.1 on strengthening the resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in the region.

    2. Provide water security to facilitate the development of agriculture in order to enhance food security for the residents of Curaçao (and SIDS): Curacao's food security is for 97% dependant on import. And the Island is no exception. Xploration Coastline Curacao concept drives the development of 450 acres of land destined for agriculture. This development is a holistic social-economic movement enabled (and kick-startet) by the provision of low-cost second grade water. Food security will reduce the dependance on import and so reducing the variability in the cost of living and so increasing the quality of life. When the concept proves itself the knowledge, produce and concepts will strengthen the local economy. Xploration Coastline Curaçao thus supports objective 2.4 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, regarding the ensuring sustainable food production systems and application of resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, which help maintain ecosystems, which are the ability to adjust climate change, extreme weather conditions, drought, floods and other disasters strengthen and that gradually improve the quality of land and soil.

    3. Provide an open innovation platform to reduce the integration time for knowledge, insights, exeperiences and technologies as they come along: Xploration Coastline Curaçao governance structure and facilities create an open innovation platform with public and private partners to stimulate social and technical innovation in the water-food-energy nexus. By doing Xploratie Coastline Curaçao, as a first of class concept, can grow into a regional icon project integrating local stakeholders and initivatives and driving custom-fit solutions. Xploration Coastline Curaçao supports objective 17.17 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, regarding the promotion of effective public, public -private and social partnerships, building on the experience and network of partnerships, and also objective 9.4 on improving infrastructure and adjusting industries to enhance sustainability, with a more efficient use of resources and a greater application of clean and environmentally friendly technologies and industrial processes.

    • Government of Curaçao
    • Aqualectra Multi Utilities
    • University of Curaçao
    • NL-vertegenwoordiging op Curacao (BZK)
    • Dutch Ministry of Defence in Caribbean (MINDEF)
    • Latin-America UNICEF WASH-cluster (UNICEF)
    • Pan-American Health Organisation (PAHO)
    • Caribean Water and Wastewater Association (CWWA)
    • Hogeschool Rotterdam
    • Haagsche Hogeschool
    • Gemeente Rotterdam
    • Hoogheemraadschap Hollands Noorderkwartier
    • Neptune Marine Ltd
    • Haatenboer Ltd
    • Nevesbu Ltd
    Additional information

    Goal 2

    End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

    Goal 2


    By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round


    Prevalence of undernourishment


    Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)


    By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons


    Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age


    Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight)


    Prevalence of anaemia in women aged 15 to 49 years, by pregnancy status (percentage)


    By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

    Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size


    Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status


    By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality


    Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture


    By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed


    Number of (a) plant and (b) animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium- or long-term conservation facilities


    Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction


    Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries

    The agriculture orientation index for government expenditures


    Total official flows (official development assistance plus other official flows) to the agriculture sector


    Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round


    Agricultural export subsidies


    Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility


    Indicator of food price anomalies

    Goal 3

    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

    Goal 3


    By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

    Maternal mortality ratio


    Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel


    By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births

    Under-five mortality rate


    Neonatal mortality rate


    By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases


    Number of new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population, by sex, age and key populations


    Tuberculosis incidence per 100,000 population


    Malaria incidence per 1,000 population


    Hepatitis B incidence per 100,000 population


    Number of people requiring interventions against neglected tropical diseases


    By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being

    Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease


    Suicide mortality rate


    Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol


    Coverage of treatment interventions (pharmacological, psychosocial and rehabilitation and aftercare services) for substance use disorders


    Alcohol per capita consumption (aged 15 years and older) within a calendar year in litres of pure alcohol


    By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents

    Death rate due to road traffic injuries


    By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes


    Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning satisfied with modern methods


    Adolescent birth rate (aged 10-14 years; aged 15-19 years) per 1,000 women in that age group


    Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all


    Coverage of essential health services


    Proportion of population with large household expenditures on health as a share of total household expenditure or income


    By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

    Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution


    Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (exposure to unsafe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH) services)


    Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning


    Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate

    Age-standardized prevalence of current tobacco use among persons aged 15 years and older


    Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all


    Proportion of the target population covered by all vaccines included in their national programme

    Total net official development assistance to medical research and basic health sectors

    Proportion of health facilities that have a core set of relevant essential medicines available and affordable on a sustainable basis


    Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States

    Health worker density and distribution


    Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks


    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and health emergency preparedness


    Percentage of bloodstream infections due to selected antimicrobial-resistant organisms

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Goal 9

    Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

    Goal 9


    Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all

    Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road


    Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport


    Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries


    Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita


    Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment


    Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets

    Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added


    Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit


    By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities


    COemission per unit of value added


    Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending

    Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP


    Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants


    Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

    Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructure


    Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

    Proportion of medium and high-tech industry value added in total value added


    Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020


    Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology

    Goal 13

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    Goal 13


    Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning


    Number of countries with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


    Total greenhouse gas emissions per year


    Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning


    Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment


    Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible


    Amounts provided and mobilized in United States dollars per year in relation to the continued existing collective mobilization goal of the $100 billion commitment through to 2025


    Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities



    Number of least developed countries and small island developing States with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    Goal 17

    Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

    Goal 17


    Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

    Total government revenue as a proportion of GDP, by source
    Proportion of domestic budget funded by domestic taxes


    Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries

    Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI)


    Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources


    Additional financial resources mobilized for developing countries from multiple sources 

    Volume of remittances (in United States dollars) as a proportion of total GDP


    Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress

    Debt service as a proportion of exports of goods and services


    Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries


    Number of countries that adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for developing countries, including the least developed countries


    Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism


     Fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by speed


    Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed


    Total amount of funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies


    Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology

    Proportion of individuals using the Internet


    Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation


    Dollar value of financial and technical assistance (including through North-South, South‑South and triangular cooperation) committed to developing countries


    Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda

    Worldwide weighted tariff-average


    Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020


    Developing countries’ and least developed countries’ share of global exports


    Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access


    Weighted average tariffs faced by developing countries, least developed countries and small island developing States


    Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence

    Macroeconomic Dashboard


    Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development

    Number of countries with mechanisms in place to enhance policy coherence of sustainable development


    Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development 

    Extent of use of country-owned results frameworks and planning tools by providers of development cooperation


    Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries


    Number of countries reporting progress in multi-stakeholder development effectiveness monitoring frameworks that support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals


    Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships 


    Amount in United States dollars committed to public-private partnerships for infrastructure


    By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts


    Statistical capacity indicator for Sustainable Development Goal monitoring

    Number of countries that have national statistical legislation that complies with the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics

    Number of countries with a national statistical plan that is fully funded and under implementation, by source of funding


    By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

    Dollar value of all resources made available to strengthen statistical capacity in developing countries

    Proportion of countries that (a) have conducted at least one population and housing census in the last 10 years; and (b) have achieved 100 per cent birth registration and 80 per cent death registration

    Name Description

    Commitment from Government of Curacao and partners & (financial) guarantee of HRO stakeholders within the government of the Dutch Kindom (BZK, I en W, MINDEF, EZK) for Xploration Coastline Curacao

    Finalize general and detailed engineering and exectute building with build, maintain and operate consortium

    A 4-day conference to facilitate the public-private ecosystem to deliver an action plan to the government of Curacao tackling landownership, agri-cooperation & policy, etc around West Groot Sint Joris, Curacao.

    First of concept ready for operations in multi-use role (HRO and agriculture development)

    In-kind contribution
    Governance, stakeholder management, (financial) expertise and equipment
    Financing (in USD)
    Conference(s), MVP support
    Other, please specify
    Taskforce from Government of Curacao and NL-representative in Curacao
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    Action Network
    water logo
    01 November 2021 (start date)
    31 December 2030 (date of completion)
    1. Africa
    2. Europe
    3. Latin America and the Caribbean
    4. Global
    Other beneficiaries
    • Human Relief Operators
    • Agricultural sectors in Caribbean
    • Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency
    • Small Island Development States (globally)
    • Coastal regions and their communities (globally)
    SIDS regions
    1. Caribbean
    2. Other (including Global)
    Samoa pathway priority area
    Contact Information

    Berend, Facilitator & Xploration Driver