United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Waste to Energy

    Description
    Intro

    This practice is about processing charcoal using waste biomass. We use coconut waste( shells and husks), sawdust, rice husk which we carbonize, and briquette to be used as home cooking fuel

    Description

    The objective is to reduce the felling of trees for firewood and charcoal, create jobs for women and the unemployed, combat climate change created by deforestation, find an affordable alternative to clean and sustainable fuel, and responsible consumption

    Contribution to SDG Implementation

    The practice has been framed to use just waste. Unemployed youth are engaged to fetch waste biomass which we carbonize and use as our raw material to process charcoal briquettes. The felling of trees has been reduced, and forest cover has been protected

    Implementation methodologies

    Currently, we use manual brick-making machines, we rely on public transport to freight in waste biomass. The waste is carbonized and a binder such as starch is added. Using the manual brick molding machine, we convert the waste biomass into charcoal briquettes. The team spends hours on their time to undertake the project. The youth engaged to fetch the waste are paid and taught the practice with the hope that they can duplicate it on their own on a small scale.

    Results

    At the moment we are able to process 20 sacs of charcoal briquettes daily which we sell to commercial food vendors. Using the brick molding machines yield rather large briquettes that are also suitable for commercial food vendors

    Factors and Constraints

    Enabling factors include the Promoters passion for the trade and its impact on the environment. The ready availability of waste and market for charcoal briquettes. Pricing of the product and the efficiency and suitability of the charcoal briquettes. Constraints are the lack of company transport and freight in of waste which has been overcome using waste disposal operators

    Sustainability and replicability

    Elements in place include ready availability of waste stream suitable for the project. The ready market for the charcoal briquettes. This could be replicated in other areas especially in the areas known for felling trees for firewood. A briquette line could be installed or a distribution outlet to supply charcoal briquettes could be set up using the already existing charcoal retailers to carry our modern engineered charcoal briquettes. Most of the charcoal used in Ghana is sold in Accra and Kumasi. Having a ready supply in those two cities could help our objectives

    COVID-19 Impact

    Covid-19 lockdown and restricted movement reduce our ability to fetch waste easily. The general slowdown of economic and trade activity has impacted food vendors who are our customers at the moment.

    Contact Name
    Romanus
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    Organization/entity
    Wecac Company Limited
    SDGs
    1 3 5 6 7 13
    Geographical coverage
    Timeline
    13 April 2019 (start date)
    31 December 2022 (date of completion)
    More information
    Countries
    Ghana
    Ghana
    Partnership
    N/A
    Contact Information

    Romanus, Chief Executive