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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

TVET Foundation program for the Kyrgyzstan Naryn region to mitigate floods-droughts with a Sustainable Agriculture application

Kyrgyzstan Naryn region M.Ryskulbekov Kyrgyz Economic University, (
Local / Regional Government

    Society determines the status of a person, the significance of their achievements, and their place in society. Many local people, especially in Kyrgyzstan's rural regions, as in other Central Asian (CA) countries, require proper access to new innovative technologies and renewed ancient and international knowledge. The proper user-friendly TVET (technical and vocational education and training) support is required to adapt the scientific and advanced technological programs for local communities, the scientific works and recommendations should be accessible and understandable to most people. In a chaotic and huge flow of information, society has been divided into many parts in CA and lost contact with each other, which leads to undesirable and unexpected consequences for the whole society. The permanent updating of TVET support is required to expand in CA. We are working on setting up the TVET Foundation program for the Kyrgyzstan Naryn region to mitigate floods-droughts with a Sustainable Agriculture application. Emergency events (EE), including floods-droughts, are frequent every year in CA. Most of the EE support is provided after the EE occurrence, without the proper proactive emergency preparedness, including prediction analysis, and TVET preparations. Many international organizations, UN recommend providing substantial support in the proactive EE programs to reduce the consequences of emergencies, which saves expenses five to ten times: “Every $1 Invested in Disaster Mitigation Saves $6”. Another issue in CA, EE mitigation activities with sustainable agriculture should be properly connected to biodiversity issues. Communities and farmers are competing with nature, “ fully 90% of all protected areas adjoin farmland”. Communities and farmers have difficulties using the marginal lands profitably, which is why people are often trying to get natural resources from the protected areas, competing with nature and different species. The efficient water usage for the marginal lands with profitable crop productions, such as quinoa, and amaranth should mitigate these competition issues of communities, and farmers with nature. The proper promotion for EE mitigation, agro modeling, and prediction analysis is required. The main team-building activities with setting up the connected Communities - School - Biodiversities - College - Industry - University (CSBSIU) cooperation will be reasonable to expand starting from the basic TVET Foundation program, which we are missing in CA now.
    The New Global Framework for Managing Nature meeting, which was hosted in Canada, in December 2022, resulted in adoption of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). The GBF aims to address biodiversity loss, restore ecosystems, and phased out reforms by scaling up positive incentives for biodiversity conservation and sustainable land use,…. The GBF requires to modify the human activities, and the preparation of more sustainable projects, without harming Nature.

    Expected Impact

    We are working on the GBF requirements implementation in Naryn Region, Kyrgyzstan, with the following targeted projects, from basic TVET related to:
    1) Flood-Managed Aquifer Recharge (Flood-MAR), “Flood-MAR” is an integrated strategy to use the flood water for MAR on agricultural lands, based on the US California,, and Nebraska Natural Infrastructure flood river flows to recharge groundwater for irrigation and support aquatic habitats,…
    2) Scaling up the quinoa value chain to improve food and nutritional security in poor rural communities from the current projects, supported by UN FAO, the International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA), Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), with already adapted for Kyrgystan regions quinoa seeds by Kygystan agronomist Azamat Kaseev,,,
    3) Hydrogen production efforts are expanding worldwide, including the implementation of the HYRASIA ONE project led by the European cleantech group SVEVIND Energy Group in CA,,…,…
    We propose to develop Hydrogen and Ammonia production within the Naryn river basin region, by using the collected flood water and chain of the solar-wind-small hydropower stations. The electricity and water resources will be with reasonable expenses in the Naryn river basin. The Hydrogen technologiesTVET support could be in cooperation with developing countries, which are already developed, and Hydrogen applications, including EU, UK, Canada, USA, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, China, and other countries, which may have interests to cooperate with us. For example, the Japanese Toshiba company already tested container-based Hydrogen production technologies for more than seven years. A similar approach could be set up for the pilot testing facilities along the Naryn river basin with potential expansion on the bigger facilities. Hydrogen and Ammonia fertilizers will be produced and used directly by farmers. Farmers will receive hydrogen energy for their engines, machines, tractors, and irrigation systems. This output water needs to be enriched in the proper concentration of the right amount of fertilizers for the dedicated type of farmer crops, including quinoa, where Ammonia could be used, it could be developed in cooperation with Drip, Pivot irrigation technologies producers such as Valmont Valley Irrigation Company, The Ammonia fertilizers production could be in cooperation with Kazphosphate Kazphosphate is the leading company for the manufacture of phosphorus-containing products in the center of the Eurasian continent. Hydrogen and Ammonia fertilizers will be purchased by CA region farmers. Drip, Pivot irrigation technologies will benefit from the clean Hydrogen energy and high-quality Ammonia fertilizers application for their capillary spraying systems without clogging their pipes.
    All these efforts require the proper TVET capacity-building support to use these new sources of energy, and fertilizers for farmers. The balanced use of natural resources, and sustainable use of mineral fertilizers, combined with eco-friendly technologies, including sustainable water usage, and a responsible attitude to nature, and biodiversity, are required the proper knowledge, and advanced irrigation technologies with scientific and TVET support. We are looking for partners to set up this TVET Foundation program for the Kyrgyzstan Naryn region to mitigate floods-droughts with a Sustainable Agriculture application


    Almaz Kadyraliev, rector Kyrgyz Economic University (KEU),
    Maral Sagynalieva, National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyz Republic,, Open Innovations R&D Center PF,
    Janay Sagin, KEU, NU, WMU,

    Additional information

    M.Ryskulbekov Kyrgyz Economic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan,,
    National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan,,
    Open Innovations R&D Center PF,
    Naryn region, Kyrgyzstan,

    Goal 1

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere

    Goal 1


    By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day


    Proportion of the population living below the international poverty line by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)


    By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions


    Proportion of population living below the national poverty line, by sex and age


    Proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions


    Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable


    Proportion of population covered by social protection floors/systems, by sex, distinguishing children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work-injury victims and the poor and the vulnerable


    By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance


    Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services


    Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, (a) with legally recognized documentation, and (b) who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure


    By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Direct economic loss attributed to disasters in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions


    Total official development assistance grants from all donors that focus on poverty reduction as a share of the recipient country's gross national income


    Proportion of total government spending on essential services (education, health and social protection)


    Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions


    Pro-poor public social spending

    Goal 2

    End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

    Goal 2


    By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round


    Prevalence of undernourishment


    Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)


    By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons


    Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age


    Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight)


    Prevalence of anaemia in women aged 15 to 49 years, by pregnancy status (percentage)


    By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

    Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size


    Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status


    By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality


    Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture


    By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed


    Number of (a) plant and (b) animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium- or long-term conservation facilities


    Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction


    Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries

    The agriculture orientation index for government expenditures


    Total official flows (official development assistance plus other official flows) to the agriculture sector


    Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round


    Agricultural export subsidies


    Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility


    Indicator of food price anomalies

    Goal 4

    Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

    Goal 4


    By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes


    Proportion of children and young people (a) in grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and (c) at the end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in (i) reading and (ii) mathematics, by sex


    Completion rate (primary education, lower secondary education, upper secondary education)


    By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education


    Proportion of children aged 24–59 months who are developmentally on track in health, learning and psychosocial well-being, by sex


    Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age), by sex


    By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university


    Participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education and training in the previous 12 months, by sex


    By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship


    Proportion of youth and adults with information and communications technology (ICT) skills, by type of skill


    By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations

    Parity indices (female/male, rural/urban, bottom/top wealth quintile and others such as disability status, indigenous peoples and conflict-affected, as data become available) for all education indicators on this list that can be disaggregated


    By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy


    Proportion of population in a given age group achieving at least a fixed level of proficiency in functional (a) literacy and (b) numeracy skills, by sex


    By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development


    Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education and (d) student assessment


    Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all


    Proportion of schools offering basic services, by type of service


    By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries

    Volume of official development assistance flows for scholarships by sector and type of study


    By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States


    Proportion of teachers with the minimum required qualifications, by education level

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Goal 7

    Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

    Goal 7


    By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services


    Proportion of population with access to electricity


    Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology


    By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

    Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption


    By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

    Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP


    By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

    International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean energy research and development and renewable energy production, including in hybrid systems


    By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support


    Installed renewable energy-generating capacity in developing countries (in watts per capita)

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    TVET Foundation program for the Kyrgyzstan Naryn region to mitigate floods-droughts with a Sustainable Agriculture application
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    Kyrgyzstan Naryn region M.Ryskulbekov Kyrgyz Economic University,
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    1. Asia and Pacific
    Other beneficiaries

    farmers, rural communities in Central Asian regions

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