Sustainable Reintegration Project
Local / Regional Government
The initiative is focused on supporting vulnerable returnee migrants and their families affected by COVID-19 in Nepal, particularly in Dhankuta Municipality. The primary objective of the initiative is to provide economic, psychosocial, and capacity-building support to the beneficiaries, enabling them to reintegrate into society and start income-generating activities. The reintegration approach is community-led, involving various stakeholders such as the government, civil society, and the private sector.
The initiative identifies beneficiaries based on specific selection criteria, including returnees, families of migrants, internal migrants, and those vulnerable due to various reasons, such as being victims of trafficking or exploitation, facing health issues, or experiencing income loss.
Beneficiaries will receive economic support of $11,000, except for victims of trafficking or exploitation who will receive $750. The support will be provided to groups of 10-15 members based on similar businesses or location, fostering collective empowerment.
Psychosocial support through counseling will be provided as needed, along with capacity-building training, including financial literacy and relevant skills training.
The project aims to form networks among beneficiaries engaged in similar enterprises and connect them with established enterprises for guidance and support.
The initiative emphasizes coordination with existing market systems, such as the Rural Enterprise Remittance Programme (RERP), and explores market services to facilitate beneficiaries' economic activities.
Beneficiaries will contribute 20% of the support amount as a means to increase ownership and sustainability, but this contribution will be waived for the most vulnerable individuals.
The project will monitor and circulate the results of post-transfer monitoring to ensure the effectiveness of the support provided. Beneficiaries will be linked with RERP supply chains and other services available in the municipality to enhance their access to markets and resources. The project will provide psychosocial counseling as needed to address the well-being of the beneficiaries.
The initiative is implemented in coordination with Dhankuta Muinicipality and selection of beneficiaries is done in coordination with the municipality, ensuring community participation in the process.
Dispute resolution will be settled amicably through discussions among relevant stakeholders, including Dhankuta municipality, RERP, IOM, and NIDS.
The initiative has the potential to accelerate progress towards several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Nepal, especially in the context of addressing the impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable migrant communities. The expected impact of this action can be summarized as follows:
SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth - The initiative focuses on creating employment opportunities, promoting self-employment, and linking beneficiaries with the private sector and market systems. These efforts can lead to sustainable economic growth and decent work for the beneficiaries, aligning with SDG 8 targets.
SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure- The initiative encourages the development of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in various sectors such as goat farming, vegetable farming, milk production, and more. This promotes innovation and economic diversification.
SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities- The initiative targets vulnerable populations, including victims of trafficking, GBV survivors, and those facing various vulnerabilities, ensuring that no one is left behind in the development process.
SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities- The project focuses on reintegration in Dhankuta Municipality, supporting the growth and development of local communities by creating employment and business opportunities.
SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals- The initiative emphasizes collaboration between the government, civil society, and the private sector to support returnee migrants. This multi-stakeholder approach enhances the effectiveness of interventions and resource mobilization.
Addressing Interlinkages - The project's multi-dimensional approach, addressing economic, psychosocial, and capacity-building needs, recognizes the interlinkages between different aspects of well-being. By providing comprehensive support, the initiative can create a positive feedback loop, where beneficiaries' improved economic conditions can also positively impact their psychosocial well-being and vice versa.
Overall, the initiative's expected impact aligns with the SDGs, as it targets vulnerable migrant populations, empowers them economically, and fosters collaboration among various stakeholders. By addressing the specific needs and challenges faced by returnee migrants and their families, the project contributes to the larger goal of sustainable development and inclusive growth in Nepal.
Dhankuta Municipality; Ministries of Labour, Employment and Social Security; Foreign Affairs; Industry, Commerce & Supplies; Nepal Institute of Development Studies (NIDS); UN Migration Agency (IOM) and UN Development Agency (UNDP)
SDGS & Targets
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita
Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
Annual growth rate of real GDP per employed person
Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
Proportion of informal employment in total employment, by sector and sex
Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, with developed countries taking the lead
Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities
Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
Proportion of youth (aged 15-24 years) not in education, employment or training
Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
Proportion and number of children aged 5‑17 years engaged in child labour, by sex and age
Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
Fatal and non-fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 workers, by sex and migrant status
Level of national compliance with labour rights (freedom of association and collective bargaining) based on International Labour Organization (ILO) textual sources and national legislation, by sex and migrant status
By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP and in growth rate
Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
(a) Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults and (b) number of automated teller machines (ATMs) per 100,000 adults
Proportion of adults (15 years and older) with an account at a bank or other financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider
Aid for Trade commitments and disbursements
By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization
Existence of a developed and operationalized national strategy for youth employment, as a distinct strategy or as part of a national employment strategy
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road
Passenger and freight volumes, by mode of transport
Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP and per capita
Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment
Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added
Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit
By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
CO2 emission per unit of value added
Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP
Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants
Total official international support (official development assistance plus other official flows) to infrastructure
Proportion of medium and high-tech industry value added in total value added
Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology
Reduce inequality within and among countries
By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population
By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed within the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law
Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
Labour share of GDP
Redistributive impact of fiscal policy
Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
Financial Soundness Indicators
Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations
Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
Recruitment cost borne by employee as a proportion of montlhy income earned in country of destination
Number of countries with migration policies that facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people
Number of people who died or disappeared in the process of migration towards an international destination
Proportion of the population who are refugees, by country of origin
Proportion of tariff lines applied to imports from least developed countries and developing countries with zero-tariff
Total resource flows for development, by recipient and donor countries and type of flow (e.g. official development assistance, foreign direct investment and other flows)
By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent
Remittance costs as a proportion of the amount remitted
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing
Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate
Proportion of cities with a direct participation structure of civil society in urban planning and management that operate regularly and democratically
Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
Total per capita expenditure on the preservation, protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by source of funding (public, private), type of heritage (cultural, natural) and level of government (national, regional, and local/municipal)
By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
Direct economic loss attributed to disasters in relation to global domestic product (GDP)
(a) Damage to critical infrastructure and (b) number of disruptions to basic services, attributed to disasters
By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
Proportion of municipal solid waste collected and managed in controlled facilities out of total municipal waste generated, by cities
Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted)
Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months
Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
Number of countries that have national urban policies or regional development plans that (a) respond to population dynamics; (b) ensure balanced territorial development; and (c) increase local fiscal space
By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030
Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies
Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries
Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
Additional financial resources mobilized for developing countries from multiple sources
Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress
Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries
Number of countries that adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for developing countries, including the least developed countries
Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
Fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by speed
Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
Total amount of funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies
Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology
Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
Dollar value of financial and technical assistance (including through North-South, South‑South and triangular cooperation) committed to developing countries
Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda
Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
Developing countries’ and least developed countries’ share of global exports
Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access
Weighted average tariffs faced by developing countries, least developed countries and small island developing States
Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence
Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
Number of countries reporting progress in multi-stakeholder development effectiveness monitoring frameworks that support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals
Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
Amount in United States dollars committed to public-private partnerships for infrastructure
By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
Statistical capacity indicator for Sustainable Development Goal monitoring
Number of countries with a national statistical plan that is fully funded and under implementation, by source of funding
By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries
Proportion of countries that (a) have conducted at least one population and housing census in the last 10 years; and (b) have achieved 100 per cent birth registration and 80 per cent death registration
SDG 14 targets covered
Deliverables & Timeline
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