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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Partnership with the ACWA Platform to Accelerate Urban Water Resilience

Musanze City (
Local / Regional Government

    The city of Musanze has taken various steps in its resilience planning journey and is the amongst the first cities in Rwanda to place holistic urban resilience thinking at its core. However, at the same time, the city faces various challenges that impact its ability to recover and respond to particularly water-related shocks and stresses. These challenges include including stormwater management, water infrastructure needs, land use development, wastes management, water sources management, water supply and sanitation concerns. To address these challenges in a sustainable, inclusive, and resilient manner, the city has taken important steps to develop a comprehensive Water Resilience Action Plan that identifies 19 priority areas for investment. Working with the partners of the ACWA Platform the City of Musanze is committed to developing bankable projects that respond to these priority areas.
    1. Establish and operationalize a framework to optimize the coordination of water sector stakeholders at the City level (between City-District-Basin-National level Actors)
    2. Develop and implement community awareness campaigns on water resilience issues to improve stewardship and compliance.
    3. Establish cell-level WRM committees to enable impactful and effective community engagement in water-related planning and management.
    4. Optimize the technical committee framework to improve disaster prevention and recovery at the district level.
    5. Development of an enforcement mechanism of existing stormwater and sewer management regulations to enhance water resilience in the city of Musanze.
    6. Develop neighborhood-level plans that integrate water resilience to advance the implementation of the Musanze Master Plan
    7. Digitize the Musanze city master plan and make it accessible for stakeholders to advance integrated planning.
    8. Strengthen staff capacity at the district level to develop business cases and secure financing projects.
    9. Develop a framework that facilitate the city to access empanel experts to advise on developing bankable projects.
    10. Continuous capacity building for city technical staff and relevant stakeholders to ensure that they are skilled in developing water resilience initiatives and technologies.
    11. Develop a District water data dashboard to promote the use of evidence-based decision-making in order to advance effective water resilience projects.
    12. Develop and implement a smart water management system to enable efficient water systems planning and management.
    13. Develop climate-resilient guidelines and standards for water-related infrastructure to enhance water resilience in the city of Musanze.
    14. Develop improved and sustainable latrine alternatives, to prevent pollution of water bodies in Musanze city.
    15. Develop an integrated fecal sludge management system to improve the management of waste matter and effluents in Musanze city
    16. Establish a decentralized sewage management and treatment facility to enhance water resilience in Musanze city
    17. Develop a stormwater management plan to enhance water resilience in Musanze city
    18. Develop a rainwater harvesting strategy to mitigate flood risks in Musanze city
    19. Application of Nature Based Solutions (NBS) in informal and formal settlements of Musanze city to build water resilience.

    Expected Impact

    In partnership with the Urban Water Resilience in Africa Initiative, Musanze is taking proactive action to build a water-resilient future for all. By assessing the city’s current water sector challenges and key needs to build water resilience, Musanze city has become a part of a network of actors striving to increase ambition for water resilience in African cities. Through this ongoing process, local experts and stakeholders will develop a deeper understanding of the shocks and stresses that the city is confronting and how to effectively cope with the increasing negative impacts due to climate change and rapid-onset disasters. The city will strengthen its ability to adapt to new circumstances effectively and to accommodate radical shifts. Water sector stakeholders will grow effective coordination and communication systems for the improvement of water systems at the city level. In addition to increased community participation and awareness of their own individual roles and responsibilities in water resources management. The future implementation of the priority actions identified in Musanze’s Water Resilience Profile & Action Plan will lead to the capacity to provide access to high-quality water and wastewater services for all residents, businesses and industries and protect its inhabitants from water-related hazards while protecting the natural water cycle. It will reduce the discharge of solid waste in the drainage systems of the city, further reducing the pollution of the city’s nearby rivers and lakes. Detailed climate-resilient guidelines and standards for water-related infrastructure will be set to support a secure, reliable water infrastructure system. All these efforts and more lead to the development of quality bankable proposals to mobilize funds for water resilience projects.

    Additional expected outcomes from the Musanze Action Plan to consider including:
    • Availability of real time data of water supply network due to an automated system which will monitor the water supply system of the city.
    • The improvement of sanitation services quality and reduction of waterborne disease among the community of Musanze through the District Wash Board
    • Job creation during the development and implementation of priority urban water resilient actions.
    • Reduced public health/safety and environmental risks from stormwater infrastructure.


    24+ partner organizations from the African Cities Water Adaptation Platform

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Goal 11

    Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

    Goal 11


    By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums


    Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing


    By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

    Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities


    By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

    Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate


    Proportion of cities with a direct participation structure of civil society in urban planning and management that operate regularly and democratically


    Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage


    Total per capita expenditure on the preservation, protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by source of funding (public, private), type of heritage (cultural, natural) and level of government (national, regional, and local/municipal)


    By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Direct economic loss attributed to disasters in relation to global domestic product (GDP)


    (a) Damage to critical infrastructure and (b) number of disruptions to basic services, attributed to disasters


    By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management


    Proportion of municipal solid waste collected and managed in controlled facilities out of total municipal waste generated, by cities


    Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted)


    By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

    Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities


    Proportion of persons victim of non-sexual or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months


    Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning


    Number of countries that have national urban policies or regional development plans that (a) respond to population dynamics; (b) ensure balanced territorial development; and (c) increase local fiscal space


    By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

    Goal 13

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    Goal 13


    Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning


    Number of countries with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


    Total greenhouse gas emissions per year


    Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning


    Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment


    Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible


    Amounts provided and mobilized in United States dollars per year in relation to the continued existing collective mobilization goal of the $100 billion commitment through to 2025


    Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities



    Number of least developed countries and small island developing States with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    Goal 15

    Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

    Goal 15


    By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

    Forest area as a proportion of total land area
    Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type


    By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

    Progress towards sustainable forest management


    By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

    Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area


    By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

    Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
    Mountain Green Cover Index


    Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

    Red List Index


    Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed

    Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits


    Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

    Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked


    By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species

    Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species


    By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts


    (a) Number of countries that have established national targets in accordance with or similar to Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in their national biodiversity strategy and action plans and the progress reported towards these targets; and (b) integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting


    Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems


    (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments


    Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation


    (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments


    Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

    Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
    Name Description
    Musanze City will work with the ACWA Platform to implement the list of actions identified together with stakeholders
    Staff / Technical expertise
    resilience planning; design of nature-based solutions; creation of job-creation programs for solid waste management; support in developing performance-based contracts to manage non-revenue water; Capacity Building & Quarterly Monitoring of District WASH
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    Action Network
    water logo
    01 January 2024 (start date)
    31 December 2032 (date of completion)
    Musanze City
    1. Africa
    Other beneficiaries

    Musanze District

    Website/More information
    Contact Information

    Andrew, Vice Mayor In Charge of Economic Development, Musanze District