United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+) in the COMESA region: EU-Madagascar Climate Change Programme

European Commission (
Intergovernmental organization

    In order to mitigate climate change and improve food security, the initiative pursues climate Smart Agriculture by supporting ecosystem-based adaptation for agriculture development and soil and forest smart conservation.

    Implementation of the Project/Activity

    The project aims at scaling up Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) and best practices of ecosystem-based adaptation for agriculture development and soil and forest smart conservation in two ecosystems of the Vakinankaratra region, covering the Highland and Middle West regions. Main activities are related to promoting tree plants production (nurserymen capacity building) as well as good quality seeds and biopesticides produced and available locally (based on the demands by farmers). Relevant stakeholders’ (lead farmers, nurserymen, and teachers) capacities were built through reforestation activities with fruit trees and the development of pilot demonstration sites (smart agriculture development and soil and forest smart conservation). The meteorology regional services are involved in the process by organising workshops on the use of meteorological data and by distributing meteorological bulletins for easy understanding of all stakeholders. Lead farmers followed up the adoption of the process by new farmers (1,639 farmers from which 40% are women) to expand capacities for conservation agriculture and agroforestry. Support has been provided to various stakeholders to get financial access for CSA projects development as well.


    • project stakeholders co-financing interventions • support of the local agricultural production, including self-sufficiency of agricultural inputs (seeds, biopesticides) • training with pilot demonstration sites.

    Enabling factors and constraints

    Success factors include the development of stakeholders and agricultural suppliers networks, and ongoing exchanges between new farmers and experienced farmers. Constraints include changing from old to new farming practices takes time until best results can be demonstrated to potential agricultural producers.

    Sustainability and replicability

    The Climate Smart Agriculture methods to improve food security by ecosystem-based adaptation for agriculture development and soil and forest smart conservation is replicable in rainfed agriculture countries with soil degradation.

    Other sources of information

    All documents (training material, communication material, documentation, brochure, reports) are available on the GSDM website: http://gsdm-mg.org/

    COVID-19 Impact

    While the project has not been directly impacted by the COVID-19 crisis, pursuing climate smart agriculture contributes to the objective of a sustainable resilient recovery and building back better.

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    This initiative does not yet fulfil the SMART criteria.
    25 December 2017 (start date)
    25 December 2021 (date of completion)
    European Commission
    Other beneficiaries

    Beneficiaries: 4,200 farmers (40% women) from 17 communes of Midwest and Highlands of Vakinankaratra region. Key stakeholders: • Groupement Semis Direct de Madagascar • National ministries, Meteorology service, and regional education office • NGOs: Centre d’expérimentation et de formation en fruits et légumes ; APDRA - Pisciculture Paysanne • (Inter)national research institutes and universities

    Contact Information