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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Mountain Re-hydration Movement as a local action for the protection of mountain fires as a Private-Public-Partnership

Rain For All (
Non-governmental organization (NGO)

    The current climate crisis comes with challenges of water (flooding, drought) and fire (wildfire and heatwaves) which are all related to rainwater, therefore, proper and proactive rainwater management can mitigate the climate crisis. Traditional rainwater management has been to drain it as soon as possible and protect at the downstream side using a small number of large structures with the top-down approach guided by the government. The objective of this movement is to promote a new solution for the climate crisis following a new water paradigm, which is to harvest rainwater at the source using many small structures with public-private partnerships as local action.

    Especially, in Korea where 65% is mountainous, it is very much necessary to make multi-purpose rainwater retention facilities in the middle of mountains to prevent mountain fires and avoid flooding and soil erosion. Each facility can contain 10-20 m3 of water during the flooding time and can store 1-2 m3 of water for firefighting and protecting the ecosystem. It can be constructed easily by using locally available natural wood and stones and local labor. The system will be designed so that one facility can cover 1000~2000m2 of the catchment area.

    It can be mobilized by the members of the Korean Red Cross, which has national local organizations at the village level and RCYs at the school level. The basic idea is to make local action to protect the local by the local people. Private companies can also join the movement to select one valley and make it under their leadership and sense of ownership.

    Rain For All will make a master plan to do the movement, train the trainers, educate the citizen and promote and evaluate the performance of the system. Korean red Cross will mobilize the members at each village and school. Companies will donate the money and personnel to make such movements locally as their CSR and ESG activities.
    Korean Red Cross will propose such actions through the International Federation of Red Cross.

    Expected Impact

    By simply making a large number of small rainwater retaining structures in the mountains, integrated water resource management (IWRM) can be easily achieved (SDG6.5). Resulting many water-related problems will be mitigated: the flooding risk will be reduced. By groundwater infiltration water scarcity can be (SDG6.4) will be replenished. There are side effects to mitigate mountain fire and heat wave effects by rehydrating the surface of the earth. By retaining water, the ecosystem will be revitalized and the carbon can be captured by the plant. This movement can be a local action for the UN Decade of Eco-Restoration.

    The most important thing is to enable local action for the IWRM and pride in it (SDG6.a) following the success story of the Korean Saemaul Movement which became a model in developing countries. Through the network and training program of the Korean Red Cross, we can train the teachers how to cope with climate change through local actions (SDG4.c). Because the construction and maintenance of the rainwater retention facilities are simple and easy, women can participate in (SDG5.a) and get some economic benefits as well.

    The final goal is to include this in the framework of a national law or registration as a local action of IWRM for climate resilience (SDG 13.1, 13.2)
    It can contribute to combating desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world (SDG15.3) and ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development (SDG15.4).


    Korea Red Cross, People for Water, IBK, Green Foundation, Eco-Restoration Alliance

    Additional information

    Why we need rainwater retention facilities in the mountain
    How to make retention facilities in the mountain
    Introduction of water retention basin (물모이) in the mountain
    TV news about the Water Retention Basin after the mountain fire

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Goal 11

    Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

    Goal 11


    By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums


    Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing


    By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

    Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities


    By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

    Ratio of land consumption rate to population growth rate


    Proportion of cities with a direct participation structure of civil society in urban planning and management that operate regularly and democratically


    Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage


    Total per capita expenditure on the preservation, protection and conservation of all cultural and natural heritage, by source of funding (public, private), type of heritage (cultural, natural) and level of government (national, regional, and local/municipal)


    By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Direct economic loss attributed to disasters in relation to global domestic product (GDP)


    (a) Damage to critical infrastructure and (b) number of disruptions to basic services, attributed to disasters


    By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management


    Proportion of municipal solid waste collected and managed in controlled facilities out of total municipal waste generated, by cities


    Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted)


    By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

    Average share of the built-up area of cities that is open space for public use for all, by sex, age and persons with disabilities


    Proportion of persons victim of physical or sexual harassment, by sex, age, disability status and place of occurrence, in the previous 12 months


    Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning


    Number of countries that have national urban policies or regional development plans that (a) respond to population dynamics; (b) ensure balanced territorial development; and (c) increase local fiscal space


    By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

    Goal 15

    Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

    Goal 15


    By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

    Forest area as a proportion of total land area
    Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type


    By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

    Progress towards sustainable forest management


    By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

    Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area


    By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

    Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
    Mountain Green Cover Index


    Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

    Red List Index


    Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed

    Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits


    Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

    Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked


    By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species

    Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species


    By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts


    (a) Number of countries that have established national targets in accordance with or similar to Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in their national biodiversity strategy and action plans and the progress reported towards these targets; and (b) integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting


    Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems


    (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments


    Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation


    (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments


    Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

    Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
    Name Description
    500 Rainwater Retention Facilities per year (which covers area of 50 ha)
    10 Training program to train 20 persons each. (Total 300 persons)
    1 set of Training material to train expert
    Promotional material such as News Media and Youtube link (5 set / year)
    In-kind contribution
    Korean Red Cross can mobilize the volunteer citizen and students to participate in the activities at each village and school
    Staff / Technical expertise
    Rain For All can make a masterplan, and evaluate the system
    Financing (in USD)
    Companies and foundation can donate some money to mobilize the citizen and provide materials (30,000/year)
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    Action Network
    water logo
    02 April 2022 (start date)
    31 December 2030 (date of completion)
    Rain For All
    1. Asia and Pacific
    2. North America
    3. Global
    Other beneficiaries

    People in mountains who will be in danger of mountain fires
    Ecosystem damaged by mountain fires

    More information
    Republic of Korea
    Republic of Korea
    Contact Information

    Mooyoung, President