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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Establish “Belt and Road International Water Alliance”, a regional international organization and comprehensive academic institution

Chinese Hydraulic Engineering Society (
Non-governmental organization (NGO)

    To promote the realization of the relevant goals of the Water Action Agenda and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6, build a better and inclusive international water governance system, and meet future global water challenges, the Chinese Hydraulic Engineering Society signed an initiation agreement with universities, research institutes, and enterprises in relevant countries and regions as well as relevant international organizations and social associations to found the Belt and Road International Water Alliance, a water-related international organization.
    The Alliance focuses on regional water-related hot issues in the fields of water resources, water security, water environment, water ecology and water culture. It explores the cooperation of “government, industry, education, research institutes, finance, service and users” through academic exchanges, as well as think tank establishment, and its capacity building.
    In terms of supply of academic services and products as well as hub services, the Alliance attaches great importance to the nexus of water-energy-food development and tackles the challenges caused by climate change by holding forums, establishing websites, publishing journals and research reports, offering awards, etc. In terms of flexible think tank platforms, it promote supporting research in key areas such as discipline frontiers, interdisciplinary integration, development of science and technology industry, and social policy. It cultivates high-quality skilled personnel and technicians with a broad vision, and assists in engineering education accreditation, and mutual recognition of water conservancy and hydropower engineer qualifications, water conservancy standards and qualifications in water conservancy and hydropower industry.

    Expected Impact



    Water-related associations, enterprises, universities and research institutes in countries and regions relevant to the Belt and Road Initiative; water-related associations in South Korea, Japan, Canada and other countries that have signed cooperation agreements with Chinese Hydraulic Engineering Society, as well as water-related international organizations such as the International Water Resources Association and the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research.

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Goal 7

    Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

    Goal 7


    By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services


    Proportion of population with access to electricity


    Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology


    By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

    Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption


    By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

    Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP


    By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

    International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean energy research and development and renewable energy production, including in hybrid systems


    By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support


    Installed renewable energy-generating capacity in developing countries (in watts per capita)

    Goal 13

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    Goal 13


    Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning


    Number of countries with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


    Total greenhouse gas emissions per year


    Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning


    Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment


    Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible


    Amounts provided and mobilized in United States dollars per year in relation to the continued existing collective mobilization goal of the $100 billion commitment through to 2025


    Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities



    Number of least developed countries and small island developing States with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    Charter of the “Belt and Road International Water Alliance”
    Hold the “Belt and Road Roundtable Conference on International Water Conservancy Cooperation”
    30 agreements on initiation of “Belt and Road International Water Alliance”
    Hold “Belt and Road International Water Alliance” water affairs activities
    Other, please specify
    Chinese Hydraulic Engineering Society will aggregate and mobilize corresponding funds and resource platforms under this initiative according to the needs of international exchange and cooperation to ensure the achievement of matters.
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    Action Network
    water logo
    31 March 2023 (start date)
    31 December 2030 (date of completion)
    Chinese Hydraulic Engineering Society
    1. Global
    Other beneficiaries

    Countries and regions facing similar water problems as those facing countries relevant to the Belt and Road Initiative

    Website/More information
    Russian Federation
    Russian Federation
    South Africa
    South Africa
    Contact Information

    Yang, Deputy Director of the International Cooperation Department of the Secretariat of the Chinese Hydraulic Engineering Society