Develop and implement a Global Campaign on Salinization
Saline Water & Food Systems Partnership (facilitated by NFP and NWP)
Non-governmental organization (NGO)
Salinization is rapidly becoming one of the biggest challenges for food production worldwide. Salt-affected soils occur naturally, for example in (semi)arid areas with limited precipitation. Also, along coastal regions and in deltas, salinity intrusion via tidal dynamics and sea level rise increasingly impacts agricultural production. Salinity severely impacts crop development and growth, threatening food security, biodiversity and livelihoods of millions of people in various parts of the world (SDG2, SDG6). It is therefore important to raise awareness about this issue, and develop measures appropriate to geographic conditions and local contexts.
Collaborating partners share the ambition to collectively develop and implement a ‘Global Campaign on Salinization’. The ultimate objective of this Campaign is to increase awareness about the issue of salinization among policy makers, researchers and practitioners in the global water and food sectors, and subsequently formulate and drive a joint agenda to strengthen policy, knowledge, and implementation.
This Commitment “Develop and implement a Global Campaign on Salinization” builds on several underlying principles:
• The Campaign is first and foremost a communication activity that increases awareness by means of developing and using collective communication products, joint activities, organizing events. The aim is that in the medium term this Campaign will initiate the formulation of e.g. new research programmes and innovative implementation projects, or the promotion of new policies in this area.
• The Campaign will not prescribe one specific response strategy to the salinization challenges. Response strategies may vary between mitigation and adaptation options, depending on local conditions and realities. Changes in water management systems, water infrastructure, but also modifications to agricultural production methods and growing salt tolerant crops varieties could be part of locally or regionally diversified response strategies to salinity.
• The Campaign will stress, however, the need for integrated approaches in response to salinity challenges, including cooperation between the working areas of soil, water and crops. Salinization may be harmful when it comes to food production, or when groundwater is extracted in coastal regions. At the same time, salinization can be beneficial to coastal ecosystems, or provides the opportunity for shifts to aquaculture.
• The Campaign will boost new ideas, bundle initiatives, and create a stronger (communication) momentum for the benefit of collaborating partners. The Campaign will not ‘claim’ already on-going initiatives, search for added value to all partners and complementarity to on-going work and mandates.
Before developing and implementing the campaign, further scoping will take place. In this phase (April-May 2023), discussions will be held with committed and potential partners to confirm collective ambitions, opportunities and conditions for working together on this Campaign. Issues to touch upon are overall coordination and task division, timeline, in-kind or in-cash contribution needs, etc.
During the development phase (May-September 2023), necessary preparatory work for the Campaign takes place: development of an overall communication plan, key message, communication material, activity planning, etc. (example: www.worldwaterday.org).
After that, an implementation phase (October 2023 and onwards) starts during which each partner implements agreed joint activities, and prepares communication about on-going initiatives.
The Campaign serves a greater purpose. Besides increasing awareness about the issue of salinization among policy makers, researchers and practitioners in the global water and food sectors, the ambition is to promote the formulation of a collective follow-up agenda: strengthen current and initiate new policies, knowledge and research programmes, and innovative implementation projects. Impact areas are:
1. At policy level increased awareness about the water-food nexus and the need for an integrated approach to salinization taking into account climate change, soil, land and water management and sustainable food systems. Nexus thinking and a mindset for integrated measures are important preconditions to formulate new policies in response to salinization. Impact: Attention in policy networks, e.g. visible in UN level guidelines and national policies.
2. Salinization is a complex issue with many dimensions and specific research fields. Think of the impact of mitigation and adaptation measures in the long term, but also ecophysiology, research on soil quality, groundwater flows and climate change impacts. Further development of knowledge base, networking and information sharing to improve mutual learning and increase the impact of public financing. Increasing access to and sharing existing knowledge is also necessary, by e.g. building links among the international and national knowledge hubs and networks. Impact: A joint research agenda, new research programs/consortia and funding, international/regional knowledge hubs, training activities.
3. At the level of practitioners, including water managers and farmers, there is a growing demand to implement new innovation projects and learn from best practices and knowledge exchange on salinization, acknowledging differences between local conditions and response options. Impact: access to resources, new funding programmes targeting salinization events. webinars, training, business and farmer meetings to give practitioners access to best practices and solutions based on a systems/integrated approach.
In terms of immediate impacts and outputs of the commitment, we will work towards developing and using collective communication campaign material, targeted and coherent communication activities, developing and disclosing online databases with best practices, and a Launch event with broad international coverage and participation. Again, the Campaign will try to add value to on-going initiatives, and organize new activities that support the collective ambition of increased awareness about the issue of salinization.
FAO, INSAS, WASAG, Free University Amsterdam, Wageningen UR, ICBA, Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ADB, ICCAD, CGIAR, GWP, The Salt Doctors, SeedNL, Deltares, Royal Eijkelkamp.
SDGS & Targets
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
Prevalence of undernourishment
Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)
By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age
Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight)
Prevalence of anaemia in women aged 15 to 49 years, by pregnancy status (percentage)
Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size
Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status
By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture
By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
Number of (a) plant and (b) animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium- or long-term conservation facilities
Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction
The agriculture orientation index for government expenditures
Total official flows (official development assistance plus other official flows) to the agriculture sector
Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
Agricultural export subsidies
Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility
Indicator of food price anomalies
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services
By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water
By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated
Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
Change in water-use efficiency over time
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
Degree of integrated water resources management
Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time
Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan
Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
(a) Number of countries that have established national targets in accordance with or similar to Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in their national biodiversity strategy and action plans and the progress reported towards these targets; and (b) integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting
Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
(a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments
Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation
(a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments
Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries
Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
Additional financial resources mobilized for developing countries from multiple sources
Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress
Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries
Number of countries that adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for developing countries, including the least developed countries
Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
Fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by speed
Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
Total amount of funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies
Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology
Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
Dollar value of financial and technical assistance (including through North-South, South‑South and triangular cooperation) committed to developing countries
Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda
Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
Developing countries’ and least developed countries’ share of global exports
Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access
Weighted average tariffs faced by developing countries, least developed countries and small island developing States
Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence
Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
Number of countries reporting progress in multi-stakeholder development effectiveness monitoring frameworks that support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals
Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
Amount in United States dollars committed to public-private partnerships for infrastructure
By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
Statistical capacity indicator for Sustainable Development Goal monitoring
Number of countries with a national statistical plan that is fully funded and under implementation, by source of funding
By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries
Proportion of countries that (a) have conducted at least one population and housing census in the last 10 years; and (b) have achieved 100 per cent birth registration and 80 per cent death registration
SDG 14 targets covered
Deliverables & Timeline
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Policy makers, researchers, NGOs, practitioners and local communities dealing with the issue of salinization.