Sustainable Development Goal 3 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is to “ensure healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages”. TThe associated targets aim to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio; end preventable deaths of newborns and children; end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases; reduce mortality from non-communicable diseases; strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse; halve the number of deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents; ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services; achieve universal health coverage; and reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and pollution.
The MDG era and before
As part of the efforts to achieve the maternal and child health MDGs, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched the Every Woman Every Child initiative at the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Summit in September 2010. Every Woman Every Child is an unprecedented global movement that mobilizes and intensifies international and national action by governments, multilaterals, the private sector and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women and children around the world. The movement puts into action the Global Strategy for Women and Children’s Health, which presents a roadmap on how to enhance financing, strengthen policy and improve service on the ground for the most vulnerable women and children.
The Commission on Sustainable Development considered Health and sustainable development as a cross-cutting issue during the two-year cycle of its multi-year programme of work. Health and Sustainable Development was also an integral part of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg in 2002. The outcome document of the Summit, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, devotes Chapter 6 to Health and Sustainable Development, recalling that human beings are entitled to a healthy and productive life, in harmony with nature and further recognizes that the goals of sustainable development can only be achieved in the absence of a high prevalence of debilitating diseases, while obtaining health gains for the whole population requires poverty eradication.
The outcome of the United Nations on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, devotes Chapter 6 to “Protecting and Promoting Human Health”. The Agenda recognizes that health and development are intimately interconnected, and call that action items under Agenda 21 must address the primary health needs of the world's population, since they are integral to the achievement of the goals of sustainable development and primary environmental care
|Title||Category||Date Sort ascending|
|Republic of Korea||Health, Population dynamics||19-Jun-2015|
|Psychology Coalition at the United Nations (PCUN)||Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups||23-Jun-2014|
|NCD Alliance and the International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations||Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups||23-Jun-2014|
|Global Surgery and Anaesthesia Organizations||Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups||23-Jun-2014|
|Global Alliance on Health and Pollution||Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups||23-Jun-2014|
|International Confideration of Surgical Colleges||Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups||19-Jun-2014|
|Major Group: Children & Youth and Women||Co-chairs' meetings with Major Groups||17-Jun-2014|
|Policy briefing UN Open Working Group 11 Road traffic injury and the Post-2015…||Dialogue with Major Groups||6-May-2014|
|Presentation on Major Groups’ Recommendations on Health||Dialogue with Major Groups||6-May-2014|
|Major Group: Women||Dialogue with Major Groups||6-May-2014|
|Egypt||Health and population dynamics; Education and life-long learning||6-May-2014|
|Tunisia||Health and population dynamics; Education and life-long learning||5-May-2014|
|Greece||Health and population dynamics; Education and life-long learning||5-May-2014|
|Brazil and Nicaragua||Health and population dynamics; Education and life-long learning||5-May-2014|
|Canada, Israel and United States of America||Health and population dynamics; Education and life-long learning||5-May-2014|
January 2015 SDG 3SDG 3 aims at ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages. Its targets focus in particular on the reduction of the global maternal mortality ratio, the end of preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, the end of the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases as well as the reduction by one third of premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promotion of mental health and well-being. SDG 3 also devotes a particular attention to the need of strengthening prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol and of halving, by 2020, the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents. Other targets identify the need to ensure, by 2030, universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes as well as achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all. It also focuses on the need to substantially reduce by 2030 the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination. The alphabetical targets aim to strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States and strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks.
January 2010 Every Woman Every ChildEvery Woman Every Child can be described as an unprecedented global movement mobilizing and consolidating international and national action by governments, multilateral organizations, private sector and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women and children around the world. The movement puts into action the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health, which presents a road map on how to enhance financing, strengthen policy and improve service on the ground for the most vulnerable women and children. The initiative was started by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the occasion of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Summit in September 2010,
January 2002 JPOI (Chap. 6)In Chapter 6, devoted to Health and Sustainable Development, the JPOI reprises the Rio Declaration and the importance it attributes to human beings as the center of concerns for sustainable development. It also recalls that human beings are entitled to a healthy and productive life, in harmony with nature. The plan recognizes that the goals of sustainable development can only be achieved in the absence of a high prevalence of debilitating diseases, while obtaining health gains for the whole population requires poverty eradication. Chapter 6 also focus on the need to strengthen the capacity of health-care systems to deliver basic health services to all in an efficient, accessible and affordable manner aimed at preventing, controlling and treating diseases, and to reduce environmental health threats, in conformity with human rights and fundamental freedoms and consistent with national laws and cultural and religious values, and taking into account the reports of relevant United Nations conferences and summits and of special sessions of the General Assembly.
In 2001, at the request of Togo, the item entitled “2001-2010: Decade to Roll Back Malaria in Africa” was included in the agenda of the fifty-fifth session of the General Assembly, (A/55/240 and A/55/240/Add.1). At the same session, the Assembly proclaimed, with the adoption of Resolution 55/284, "2001-2010 as Decade to Roll Back Malaria in Developing Countries, Particularly in Africa".
January 2000 MDG 6MDG 6 focuses on fighting against HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. Its targets aim to halt, by 2015, and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria as well as to achieve by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it.
January 1992 Agenda 21 (Chap.6)In its Chapter 6 - Protecting and Promoting Human Health, Agenda 21 recognizes the intimate interconnection between health and development. In its Paragraph 6.1, the Agenda elucidates that both insufficient development leading to poverty and inappropriate development resulting in over consumption, coupled with an expanding world population, can result in severe environmental health problems in both developing and developed nations. Therefore, the Agenda identifies as action items those able to address the primary health needs of the world's population. The linkage of health, environmental and socio-economic improvements requires intersectoral efforts, involving education, housing, public works and community groups, including businesses, schools as well as universities and religious, civic and cultural organizations.
January 1988 Global Polio Eradication InitiativeThe Global Polio Eradication Initiative began in 1988. At that time, polio was paralyzing more than 1000 children on a daily basis at global level. Thanks to the cooperation of more than 200 countries and 20 million volunteers, backed by an international investment of more than US$ 9 billion, more than 2.5 billion children have been immunized against polio since.
January 1948 WHO’s ConstitutionThe Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO) was adopted on 22nd July 1946 and entered into force on 7th April 1948, on the first World Health Day.