United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Israel

Mr. Chairman, Distinguished Delegates
Waste management is a major global challenge. In Israel,
such issues are compounded by the country's unique
demographic conditions: a high rate of population
growth, rising standards of living, accelerated building
and development, and continued industrial growth.
To address the challenges of both solid and hazardous
waste, the Ministry of Environmental Protection has
formulated policies based upon three driving principles.
First, and most importantly, to reduce waste at its source.
Second, to reuse and recycle waste.
And third, effective and safe disposal. This multilayered
approach seeks to turn waste from a hazard into a
resource.

The first decade of the 21st century has witnessed major
efforts to increase Israel's recycling rate and minimize
landfill use.
Such an achievement has been made possible through
legislative instruments, such as the Deposit Law on
Beverage Containers, the landfill levy which requires
landfill operators to pay a levy for every ton of waste
landfilled, the Tire Recycling Law and, most recently, a
draft Packaging Law, which will impose direct
responsibility on manufacturers and importers for
collecting and recycling the packaging waste of their
products.
Revenues from these landfill taxes fund local recycling
and recovery projects.
On the local level, school and community-wide recycling
programs, along with campaigns aimed at increasing
public awareness on these issues.

Mr. Chairman,

Hazardous waste represents yet another major challenge.
To address this matter, strict enforcement measures for
any facility dealing with hazardous substances were
established.
Permit applications for those dealing with hazardous
material require detailed and verifiable information on
the types and quantities of hazardous waste produced and
the treatment method for such waste.
Overall, Israel's policy on hazardous waste is based on
the ?3 R?s? Policy.
To promote the reduction, reuse, and recycling of
hazardous waste, the Ministry of Environmental
Protection grants financial incentives to industries for
projects that reduce hazardous waste.
The project has led to a decrease in hazardous waste
generation in Israel and has demonstrated that
environmental improvement is cost-effective.

Existing regulations on hazardous waste mandate the
disposal of hazardous waste at Ramat Hovav, Israel's
national site for the disposal and treatment of hazardous
waste.
Such regulations also allow for alternative hazardous
waste treatment under specific conditions. This leads to
nearly 30% rate of recovery of hazardous waste.
The Ramat Hovav facility handles inorganic, organic,
liquid and solid hazardous waste using different
treatment processes and technologies, including:
neutralization, detoxification, recycling, on-site
incineration, secured landfilling and stabilization of
inorganic waste before landfilling.
The older part of the site is currently undergoing a
comprehensive remediation process and at its completion
will be transformed into a state-of-the-art plant for the
treatment of hazardous waste, complying with the most
stringent safety and environmental standards.
While Israel continues to upgrade its facilities to cope
with hazardous waste, municipal waste, and construction
waste, Israel has also begun to promote a lifecycle
thinking approach on these matters ?? to shift from waste
management to materials management.
Such thinking joins together government and the private
sector and other stakeholders in order to increase
effective use of materials.
Thank you.
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