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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Monitoring the Shift to Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns in the context of the SDGs

Publication Year: 2016 Publisher: Sweden, Chile


Achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) patterns has been recognized as an integral part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is identified as a stand -alone Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 12) and as a central component of many of the 17 goals and 169 targets agreed in the agenda.

Monitoring SCP targets will require a set of agreed upon and comparable indicators, as well as - at the national level - the institutional capacity to produce and apply them. However, many countries face major difficulties in constructing and producing indicators. These include: limited data and resources, limited technical capacity, and fragmented institutional systems. These constraints make it difficult to effectively monitor changes in consumption and production patterns, suggesting the need for substantive efforts in institutional and technical capacity development as well as financial resources.