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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Water Justice towards Sustainable Development

An Organization for Socio-Economic Development - AOSED (
Non-governmental organization (NGO)
    In South Asia, approximately 134 million who do not have access to safe drinking water. But the amount of usable freshwater that is easily accessible is rapidly shrinking. Not only that, global warming and pollution are on their high peak in recent years which lead to the freshwater sources being at a high risk. Consequently, the situation is deteriorating every day instead of improving nevertheless different initiatives are being taken, the risk and deprivation are still on the race. At the same time, the impact of climate change is making the coastal lowlands of the world uninhabitable due to the inaccessibility of safe water. A recent statistics said, 70 million people of Bangladesh, mostly the coastal people, are living under the high risk of climate change. Continuous sea level rise resulting in increased density and intensity of salinity in surface and groundwater sources as well as soil, superfluous water consumption from limited water levels for food production and meeting the household needs and severe arsenic and chemical contamination have made the safe water crisis unmanageable in coastal areas of Bangladesh more particularly in the south-western region. AOSED as a non-profit development organization, have implemented various programs and projects in order to ensure the availability of affordable safe drinking water and ensuring people’s access to water resources in open water bodies of coastal Bangladesh. The organization has proven expertise in designing and implementing advocacy initiatives by collaborating relevant stakeholders including social and political activists, civil society groups, academia to launch issue-based campaigns, coalitions, protests, and persuasion at different levels to establish people’s access to safe drinking water. In order to contribute in achieving the SDG6, AOSED’s initiative as leading entity will be creating a forum named People’s Alliance for Water Justice at national level comprising of relevant government, non-government, civil society organizations, research and educational institutions to work together from grassroots to policy making level in order to achieve equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water, promoting collective actions to improve water quality by reducing water pollution, increase water use efficiency and implement principles of IWRM considering adverse impact of climate change as well as capacity building of relevant stakeholders working in this sector. Through this initiative, the forum will be working as the CSO pressure group to the Government in implementing the commitments mentioned in 7th and 8th 5-year plan, Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), National Adaptation Plan (NAP), Mujib Climate Prosperity Plan in order to ensure water justice at all level. Also, the government will take initiative to develop the capacity of stakeholders through providing knowledge and technological support for effectively implementing relative activities. A global coalition will be established among development partners, like-minded networks and coalitions, research and educational institutes for exchanging information, knowledge, technology and expertise as well as accumulating financial resources to carry out the initiative of the National Forum.
    Expected Impact
    The government of Bangladesh has made considerable progress in achieving the targets associated with SDG6. In order to achieve the 100% target by 2030, the National Forum led by AOSED will continuously monitor the implementation modalities related to SDG6. Bangladesh has integrated development targets to achieve the SDG6 in the 7th 5-year plan to ensure safe drinking water made available for all rural and urban population and proportion of urban population with access to sanitary latrines to be increased to 100 percent and 90 percent for rural population. The 7th 5-year plan made a primary financing estimation of 403 billion USD for both public and private sectors but this amount does not reflect the need or demands based financial allocation to achieve the SDG targets. According to experts, in achieving the SDGs in Bangladesh, domestic resource mobilization needs to be raised to at least 18% from the present. The National Forum led by AOSED will push government for optimized financing which is essential to get resources behind country plans, ensure continuous and uninterrupted flow of data to measure progress, build a better skilled workforce to improve service level in the water sector, innovate new and smart practices and technologies of water and sanitation resources management and service delivery, and ensuring good governance.

    Networks: Butterfly Effect Network, Climate Action Network (CAN), Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA), Freshwater Action Network (FAN), End Water Poverty, Asia Pacific Water Forum-APWF, Water, Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)
    Development partners: Bread for the World (Bftw), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and COAST Trust Bangladesh, German Development Agency (GIZ), CARE Bangladesh, BRAC. ActionAid Bangladesh,
    Government agencies: City Corporations of the coastal districts, WASA (Water Supply and Sewerage Authority), Department of Public Health Engineering (DPHE), Department of Environment, Water Development Board
    Research and educational institutions: Khulna University, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology (KUET), Patuakhali Science and Technology University (PSTU), Khulna Medical College, Bangladesh Institute of Maritime Research and Development (BIMRAD) etc.

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Goal 17

    Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

    Goal 17


    Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

    Total government revenue as a proportion of GDP, by source
    Proportion of domestic budget funded by domestic taxes


    Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries

    Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI)


    Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources


    Additional financial resources mobilized for developing countries from multiple sources 

    Volume of remittances (in United States dollars) as a proportion of total GDP


    Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress

    Debt service as a proportion of exports of goods and services


    Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries


    Number of countries that adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for developing countries, including the least developed countries


    Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism


     Fixed broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by speed


    Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed


    Total amount of funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies


    Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology

    Proportion of individuals using the Internet


    Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation


    Dollar value of financial and technical assistance (including through North-South, South‑South and triangular cooperation) committed to developing countries


    Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda

    Worldwide weighted tariff-average


    Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020


    Developing countries’ and least developed countries’ share of global exports


    Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access


    Weighted average tariffs faced by developing countries, least developed countries and small island developing States


    Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence

    Macroeconomic Dashboard


    Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development

    Number of countries with mechanisms in place to enhance policy coherence of sustainable development


    Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development 

    Extent of use of country-owned results frameworks and planning tools by providers of development cooperation


    Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries


    Number of countries reporting progress in multi-stakeholder development effectiveness monitoring frameworks that support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals


    Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships 


    Amount in United States dollars committed to public-private partnerships for infrastructure


    By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts


    Statistical capacity indicators

    Number of countries that have national statistical legislation that complies with the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics

    Number of countries with a national statistical plan that is fully funded and under implementation, by source of funding


    By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

    Dollar value of all resources made available to strengthen statistical capacity in developing countries

    Proportion of countries that (a) have conducted at least one population and housing census in the last 10 years; and (b) have achieved 100 per cent birth registration and 80 per cent death registration

    Name Description
    Recommendations to ensure Water Justice from the Forum are in place (It's a continuous process)
    Government took initiatives to develop capacity of relevant stakeholders for implementing and monitoring of SDG6 implementation process
    Effectively starts collaboration with global coalition formed with like minded organizations and networks
    Financing (in USD)
    For conducting advocacy, capacity development, hardware support, participating and organizing issue-based events
    Staff / Technical expertise
    To support the execution of planned activities
    In-kind contribution
    Dedicating office space, logistics, IT facilities, library, energy and utilities
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    Action Network
    water logo
    18 December 2022 (start date)
    31 December 2028 (date of completion)
    An Organization for Socio-Economic Development - AOSED
    1. Asia and Pacific
    Other beneficiaries

    Climate vulnerable communities of coastal districts of Bangladesh especially the communities who are at the risk of displacement due to adverse climatic impacts.

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