Science and awareness: a mediterranean connection against marine litter
University of Siena is a leader group in the research of the impact of marine debris on mediterranean biodiversity and charismatic megaphauna, developing new tools to investigate the ecotoxicological impact of microplastic on endangered mediterranean species.
Legambiente, the most widespread environmental NGO of Italy. Every summer, in the past 30 years, it promotes a campaign all around Italian coasts and seas, monitoring land based pollution like wastewater or littering. Since 2013 Legambiente carries on his activity on marine litter and microplastics presence in seas and freshwaters. Our international campaign Clean Up the Med involves thousands of volunteers of several Med Countries in cleaning and monitoring beach litter.
The partnership aims to share experiences and to develop a new integrated action between scientific research, environmental monitoring, dissemination and information campaigns.
On board of Goletta Verde, the national campaign of Legambiente about sea water quality, will be carried out studies and researches on the presence of contaminants adsorbed by floating plastics and their potential effects on biodiversity.
Data will then be used to build specific dissemination campaigns and scientific reports presented at international events, involving scientific experts, citizens, tourist, economic operators, fishermen and local authorities.
"Vele spiegate project": in the summer 2017 Legambiente and Universit di Siena, with the participation of Enea and Tuscany Region, will provide a campaign of scientific training, volunteering and research in the National park of the Tuscan archipelago, to monitor the beach litter, raise awareness of tourists and citizens and promote sustainable actions.
SDGS & Targets
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
(a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small‐scale fisheries
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"
Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources
SDG 14 targets covered
|14.1||<p>By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution</p>|
|14.a||<p>Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries</p>|
Deliverables & Timeline
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