United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Science and awareness: a mediterranean connection against marine litter

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Partnership
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#OceanAction41741
    Description
    Description
    The main objective of this commitment is to enforce the link between sceintific resarch and awareness activities on the topic of marine litter in the Mediterranean sea.

    University of Siena is a leader group in the research of the impact of marine debris on mediterranean biodiversity and charismatic megaphauna, developing new tools to investigate the ecotoxicological impact of microplastic on endangered mediterranean species.

    Legambiente, the most widespread environmental NGO of Italy. Every summer, in the past 30 years, it promotes a campaign all around Italian coasts and seas, monitoring land based pollution like wastewater or littering. Since 2013 Legambiente carries on his activity on marine litter and microplastics presence in seas and freshwaters. Our international campaign Clean Up the Med involves thousands of volunteers of several Med Countries in cleaning and monitoring beach litter.

    The partnership aims to share experiences and to develop a new integrated action between scientific research, environmental monitoring, dissemination and information campaigns.

    On board of Goletta Verde, the national campaign of Legambiente about sea water quality, will be carried out studies and researches on the presence of contaminants adsorbed by floating plastics and their potential effects on biodiversity.
    Data will then be used to build specific dissemination campaigns and scientific reports presented at international events, involving scientific experts, citizens, tourist, economic operators, fishermen and local authorities.

    "Vele spiegate project": in the summer 2017 Legambiente and Universit di Siena, with the participation of Enea and Tuscany Region, will provide a campaign of scientific training, volunteering and research in the National park of the Tuscan archipelago, to monitor the beach litter, raise awareness of tourists and citizens and promote sustainable actions.



    Partners
    University of Siena and SDSN-Med - M. Cristina Fossi
    Nature
    monitoring and dissemination

    Goal 14

    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

    Goal 14

    14.1

    By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

    14.1.1

    (a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density

    14.2

    By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

    14.2.1

    Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas

    14.3

    Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

    14.3.1
    Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations

    14.4

    By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

    14.4.1
    Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels

    14.5

    By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information

    14.5.1
    Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas

    14.6

    By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation

    14.6.1

    Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

    14.7

    By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

    14.7.1

    Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries

    14.a

    Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

    14.a.1
    Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology

    14.b

    Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

    14.b.1

    Degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small‐scale fisheries

    14.c

    Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"

    14.c.1

    Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources

    Name Description
    14.1 <p>By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution</p>
    14.a <p>Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries</p>
    Scientific research and dissemination campaign during summer journey of Goletta Verde
    Clean Up, Monitoring and Awareness campaign along the Tuscan Archipelago shoreline
    Mapping of plastic contamination along the italian coast
    10 public events or scientific education activities to engage students, citizens, local authorities/economic stakeholders
    Staff / Technical expertise
    ecotoxicological resarches conduced by University of Siena (laboratories and staff)
    In-kind contribution
    Goletta Verde vessel and other boats to realize activities during 2017 summer
    Staff / Technical expertise
    monitoring campaign and dissemination activities conduced by Legambiente's staff
    Title Progress Status Submitted
    Partnership Progress 2020-03-03 On track 03 March, 2020
    Partnership Progress 2018-01-08 On track 08 January, 2018
    Partnership Progress 2018-01-04 On track 04 January, 2018
    Partnership Progress 2017-12-21 On track 21 December, 2017
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    Timeline
    01 June 2017 (start date)
    01 May 2020 (date of completion)
    Entity
    Università di Siena and Legambiente (IT)
    SDGs
    Geographical coverage
    Rome/Italy
    Other beneficiaries
    citizens, students, economic and touristic operators, fishermen and local authorities
    Ocean Basins
    North Atlantic
    Communities of Ocean Action
    Marine pollution, Scientific knowledge, research capacity development and transfer of marine technology
    Countries
    N/A
    Contact Information

    Zampetti Giorgio, Head Scientific Office of Legambiente