United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Promotion of agroecological practices and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems

(
United Nations / Multilateral body
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#SDGAction43370
    Description
    Description
    Via a bottom-up approach, this project articulated active citizen participation, transparency, accountability and co-creation strategies between citizens and public institutions, as vehicles to advance the three dimensions of sustainable development, contextualizing sound and innovative solutions to address the prioritized challenges of the targeted territory.

    One of the main components of the project was the Fellowship “Capacity Building Programme in Open Government and Sustainable Development for Local Agents of Change”. UNDP Mexico in collaboration with the Working Group provided technical support, incubation and seed capital to six acceleration projects designed and implemented by fellows graduated from both generations (2017-2018) of this Fellowship Programme (for more information please visit www.apertus.org.mx).

    These acceleration projects, built in the framework of open government and sustainable development, succeeded in building strategic bridges of collaboration between citizens, subnational governments, civil society, private sector, academia and other key actors. Hence, empowering active citizens by reaffirming the potential of a collective civic consciousness to promote and enable effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

    In this context, six projects, designed and implemented by the fellows in coordination with the Project’s Working Group, were selected in the Mexican states of Tlaxcala, Quintana Roo, Chihuahua, Oaxaca, Veracruz and Campeche, linked by a common purpose: to act as social laboratories to co-create scalable and replicable routes of action seeking to strengthen open government practices as a pivot to accelerate the localization and progress of SDGs.

    The present Voluntary Acceleration Action elaborates on the project implemented in Veracruz, Mexico.

    Deforestation of tropical forests and soil degradation due to conventional farming practices has caused the south region of Veracruz state to lose up to 81% of its forests. This region receives the name of “The Tuxtlas” and it is a biosphere reserve that comprises over 155,000 hectares. Moreover, according to some statistics from the Superior Auditing Organ of the state of Veracruz, the eight municipalities in this region do not invest in ecological protection and preservation nor in a productive transformation of agricultural practices that may modify the actual unsustainable agricultural patterns of production and consumption.

    The main objective of this project is to support the subnational governments in the State of Veracruz, in cooperation with local citizens and other actors interested in agroecology restoration so that they can identify the problems caused by inadequate agricultural practices and engage in promoting the co-creation of innovative solutions that allow ecological and social transformations in short, medium and long-term.
    Expected Impact

    The main expected impact is to achieve the creation and consolidation of the chapter on the subject of “Agroecology” in the Local Action Plan of Open Government inside the Local Technical Secretariat of Open Government of the state of Veracruz, Mexico, promoting the co-creation of innovative solutions taken in order to adopt commitments for an improvement of sustainable agroecological practices.

    An impact already reached is that it was possible to increase awareness in several city councils and government departments on the matter of Open Government and agroecology, leading to the willingness of public officials from different levels to co-create along with citizens a set of innovative solutions to transform the agricultural landscapes and practices in Veracruz, contributing to the localization of the SDGs.

    These innovative solutions became concrete activities translated in the Second Local Action Plan of Open Government in the state of Veracruz. The solutions must be developed by both authorities and citizens, so that together they can transition to better agricultural practices whilst rekindling local biodiversity and economies. It is intended that these solutions will be integrated to the Local Technical Secretariat of Open Government of Verazcruz, in the recently created “Agroecology” chapter. These chapter was an initiative of the fellows graduated in 2018 form the fellowship implemented by UNDP Mexico in collaboration with the institutions of the Working Group.

    The actions or methodologies considered to concrete this project are three:
    1. The consolidation and improvement of agency within the mentioned “Agroecology” chapter.
    2. The facilitation of additional spaces of co-creation between government and citizens that allow the development of transformative innovations in the Tuxtlas region and beyond.

    3. The awareness and capacity building on the matter of agroecology and open government to the local governments, NGOs, citizenry and other social actors at all levels.

    For the collaborative process of co-creation of transformational public policies to be achieved, acceleration of the “Agroecology” chapter was needed and performed throughout the realization of open fora, T-Labs (transformation-labs: highly facilitated workshops delivered by specialists) and policy briefs. The outcomes of this process delivered expected impacts in public policies that include compromises such as:
    1. Reactivation of state and municipal tree nurseries through farmers participation and engagement.
    2. Incremental support for farmers that are implementing or willing to implement innovative agroecology practices.
    3. Creation of spaces that allow responsible production and consumption of local food.
    4. Collation of data for better agricultural practices and productive systems that could be replicated or scaled-up at local, regional, national and international levels.

    Partners
    United Nations Development Programme, UNDP. (United Nations / Multilateral body)
    United Statutes Agency for International Development, USAID. (Government)
    National Institute of Transparency, Access to Information and Personal Data Protection, INAI. (Government)
    Gestión Social y Cooperación, GESOC A.C. (Civil society organization)
    Gobierno Fácil (Civil society organization)
    ProSociedad A.C. (Civil society organization)
    Academic institutions such as the Ecology Institute from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, UNAM (Academia)
    Estampa Verde A.C. (Civil society organization)
    Local officials from the municipality of San Andrés Tuxtla and Angel R. Cabada in the State of Veracruz, Mexico.(IVAI, SECTUR, EDEMA, ORFIS) (Government)
    Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve (Mab/UNESCO/CONANP/SEMARNAT. (Government)
    Private sector actors such as, Tabacalera A.Turrent, Granja Nut, Coop. Las Cañadas, Los Amigos Ecoturismo (Private Sector)

    Goal 15

    Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

    Goal 15

    15.1

    By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

    15.1.1
    Forest area as a proportion of total land area
    15.1.2
    Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

    15.2

    By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

    15.2.1
    Progress towards sustainable forest management

    15.3

    By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

    15.3.1
    Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

    15.4

    By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

    15.4.1
    Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
    15.4.2
    Mountain Green Cover Index

    15.5

    Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

    15.5.1
    Red List Index

    15.6

    Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed

    15.6.1
    Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits

    15.7

    Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

    15.7.1
    Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

    15.8

    By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species

    15.8.1
    Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species

    15.9

    By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

    15.9.1

    (a) Number of countries that have established national targets in accordance with or similar to Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 in their national biodiversity strategy and action plans and the progress reported towards these targets; and (b) integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

    15.a

    Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

    15.a.1

    (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments

    15.b

    Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation

    15.b.1

    (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments

    15.c

    Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

    15.c.1
    Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

    Goal 16

    Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

    Goal 16

    16.1

    Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere

    16.1.1
    Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age
    16.1.2
    Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause
    16.1.3

    Proportion of population subjected to (a) physical violence, (b) psychological violence and (c) sexual violence in the previous 12 months

    16.1.4

    Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live after dark

    16.2

    End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children

    16.2.1

    Proportion of children aged 1–17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month

    16.2.2
    Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation
    16.2.3

    Proportion of young women and men aged 18–29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18

    16.3

    Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all

    16.3.1
    Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms
    16.3.2
    Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population
    16.3.3

    Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism

    16.4

    By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime

    16.4.1
    Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars)
    16.4.2
    Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments

    16.5

    Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms

    16.5.1
    Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months
    16.5.2
    Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months

    16.6

    Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels

    16.6.1
    Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar)
    16.6.2

    Proportion of population satisfied with their last experience of public services

    16.7

    Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

    16.7.1

    Proportions of positions in national and local institutions, including (a) the legislatures; (b) the public service; and (c) the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups

    16.7.2
    Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group

    16.8

    Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

    16.8.1

    Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations

    16.9

    By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration

    16.9.1
    Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age

    16.10

    Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

    16.10.1
    Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months
    16.10.2
    Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information

    16.a

    Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime

    16.a.1
    Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles

    16.b

    Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

    16.b.1
    Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law
    Name Description
    A set of three policy briefs on the matter of scaling agroecologic practices in the Veracruz state context.
    Creation of a digital marketing strategy in collaboration with professional illustrators and “Las Cañadas” agroecological cooperative, an organization that has already international relevance.
    Four open consultative forums held at different municipalities throughout the state (north, center, south). This was part of the outreach strategy of the Local Technical Secretariat for Open Government, where co-creation activities were promoted in the framework of the Second Local Action Plan for Open Government in the State of Veracruz, Mexico. As part of this process, the Team of Fellows implemented two T-Labs that included the participation of government officials, NGOs, academia, agroecology leaders and relevant stakeholders to identify best practices, barriers for adoption and opportunities to advance the environmental dimension.
    Follow-up on the implementation of commitments derived form the Agroecology Chapter for the Second Local Action Plan on Open Government for the State of Veracruz Mexico before the exercise conclude in 12/2020.
    Financing (in USD)
    $10,000 usd
    Staff / Technical expertise
    Technical Cooperation by UNDP Mexico
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    Action Network
    SDG Acceleration Actions
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    Timeline
    01 November 2018 (start date)
    31 December 2020 (date of completion)
    Entity
    United Nations Development Programme, Mexico Country Office.
    SDGs
    Region
    1. Latin America and the Caribbean
    Geographical coverage
    UNDP Mexico Country Office
    Other beneficiaries
    The public towards which this project is addressed are the local, state and federal government as well as SCO’s, farmers organizations, small farmers and citizens, especially from Veracruz state’s municipalities.
    More information
    Countries
    Mexico
    Mexico
    Contact Information

    Adán Corral Cossío, Specialist in Open Government and Sustainable Development