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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


The Slovak Republic (

    Slovakia has the largest natural groundwater reservoir in Central Europe - Žitný ostrov or 'Rye Island'. Its water originally comes from The Danube river. At current average consumption, it can supply more than 16 million inhabitants, Slovakia itself has 5 million. The current hydrological conditions are strongly influenced by the construction of the Gabčíkovo Water Structure (electricity plant). The land use of the area is devoted mainly to agricultural purposes. Podunajska Lowland area is supposed to suffer from droughts according to long-term predictions. During the summer of 2022, parts of Europe experienced drought conditions exacerbated by heat waves. The quality of underground sources of drinking water is insufficiently controlled. State authorities under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Environment, responsible for monitoring the quality of water resources, do not have sufficient and accurate information. The early warning system does not work, there is no information about possible sources of pollution, or the databases are not linked, so they do not reach those who are supposed to have them in real time. Slovakia lacks a central register of point and surface sources of groundwater pollution (e.g. factories, wastewater treatment plants, agricultural, large residential agglomerations), which is a key tool in an effective water protection system. Sources of drinking water are threatened by increasing pollution by various substances penetrating into underground reservoirs. Therefore, the question of healthy and sustainable development of society is how to protect this precious and irreplaceable wealth, because we can lose it through our own carelessness.

    Expected Impact

    The quality of the water we drink is an existential issue. Up to 80% of the supply of drinking water in the Slovak Republic is provided by underground water sources. Therefore, the protection of groundwater resources should be our primary concern. How is it in reality? The water should be monitored better and more often, the public should have better access to the results of analysis and potential risks. The discussion should be focused on the current state of surface and underground water quality in the Žitný ostrov, the measures that can mitigate the consequences of environmental burdens should be taken as soon as possible. Žitný ostrov is directly and unstoppably endangered by chemical pollution leaking from Vrakuňa landfill with the waste from production of former Chemical Plants of Georgi Dimitrov, but also by other industrial activities in Bratislava. Rovinka is the first village in the direction of groundwater flow from Bratislava to Žitný ostrov. That is why we started to have done our own water analysis since 2019. It should be our priority to clean these land mines affecting the ground water negatively. Also spreading awareness why the clean water matters is task that should not be underestimated.


    The Government of the Slovak Republic
    The Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic
    Bratislava Self-Governing Region
    City of Bratislava
    All municipalities of Žitný ostrov area

    Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

    Goal 6


    By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


    Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services


    By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


    Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water


    By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


    Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated


    Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality


    By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

    Change in water-use efficiency over time


    Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources


    By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


    Degree of integrated water resources management 


    Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation


    By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

    Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time


    By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

    Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan


    Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management


    Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management

    Name Description
    Public discussion WATER OVER GOLD
    Information from public health authority that underground water has been polluted (vinylchlorid)
    Public discussion LET´S TALK ABOUT (CLEAN) WATER
    Numerous water analysis of well water from inhabitants of Rovinka
    Other, please specify
    On municipality level we have used our public sources for water analysis so far.
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    Action Network
    water logo
    The Slovak Republic
    1. Europe
    Other beneficiaries

    More than 16 million inhabitants of Central Europe.

    Contact Information

    Veronika, Member of Rovinka Municipality Council