United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Supporting Community Based Hygiene and Sanitation

Asia Pulp and Paper Sinar Mas (
Private sector

    Poor access to clean water and proper sanitation has a direct impact on high mortality due to infectious diseases, especially diarrhea, worms, malaria, etc. Indonesia is committed to tackling this problem while supporting the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely "Ensuring the Availability and Management of Sustainable Drinking Water and Sanitation for All". To achieve this goal, the government cannot work alone and requires active involvement from various parties. Seeing these conditions, APP Sinar Mas took the initiative to support community sanitation development in APP Sinar Mas' operation areas in Karawang, West Java. This initiative is collaborating with SPEAK NGO and USAID IUWASH.

    Implementation of the Project/Activity

    The program begins with a baseline survey and is integrated with the government's strategic development plan. Furthermore, the activities carried out includes program socialization, group organizing, training, community triggering, workshops, support for the construction of household toilets, revolving funds for the construction of toilets and so on. In the implementation of activities, the community is not just an object, but also the subject of the program. Since the beginning of the program, the community has been involved in the social preparation, planning, implementation stages including the construction phase as well as monitoring and evaluation. With this approach, communities are encouraged to participate in order to grow a sense of belonging to the program. To create synergy between actors, strategies activities involve the local government, such as: villages, sub-districts, healthy office and other parties. The involvement of government very important to integrate APP Sinar Mas initiative with development program by government, so that there is no overlap and the program will be more effective) and efficient. In otherwise, private parties and social institutions are also actively involved in this program. Active dissemination is carried out to other parties and regions. In order to be effective and efficient in carrying out program dissemination, the intervening village was designated as the development center, while other areas were designated as satellites. Periodically the satellite region learns to the location. Workshops are also actively conducted at the sub-district or district level to disseminate program learning.


    During the program period, there has been a change in the behavior of a clean and healthy life in Kutanegara Village. Changes in community behavior seen with more and more people defecating in family toilets. This also seen in the increase in the number of latrine ownership from the increased end line, especially in Cigembol hamlet as a pilot. After the program was completed, 70 healthy latrines had been built in Kutanegara Village and benefited 350 people through grant mechanisms, revolving loans and community self-help initiatives. The latrine construction process continues, increasing to 120 units. The construction of these toilets was facilitated by the Kutanegara Village STBM Group which was previously trained in how to make simple toilets. In addition, community are also active in cooperation and self-help, both in human resource and material. From this program, the Karawang District CSR forum was also formed, which contains private companies operating in Karawang. CSR forum is strategic media to synergize CSR programs including clean water and sanitation programs. The STBM group that was formed, facilitated by capacity building, was increasingly developing into KSM "Bina LIngkungan" Kutanegara Village. In collaboration with KSM Sahabat Lingkungan Sukaluyu Village, KSM Bina Lingkungan is trusted to manage the community-based waste management program from the Ministry of Public Works and public housing through the Citarum Harum program.

    Enabling factors and constraints

    • Multi-stakeholder collaboration was key in implementing the program intensively. In this context the collaboration is between APP Sinar Mas, SPEAK, USAID, community, local government ang another private sector • A comprehensive initial/base data regarding geographic, demographic and geological condition was also crucial. • Social preparation for the community had to be completed before the program was implemented in order to gain full support from the community and the relevant stakeholders. • One of the main challenges in achieving safely managed sanitation is changing the behavior – right from the outset, improving the community and stakeholders’ capacity and awareness to support healthy and safe sanitation has been critical. • Community participation has also been crucial to implement program. The higher the participation the more likely the sustainability of the program

    Sustainability and replicability

    A Community Water and Sanitation Program was one of the government’s priority programs to achieve universal access to clean water and sanitation. There were still more locations where ODF could still be implemented, whether in Karawang or in other cities in Indonesia. Multi-stakeholder commitment and collaboration is key to changing the paradigm. The potential to scale up and/or replicate the program is significant, as there are schemes according to Presidential Decree No. 16/2018 whereby central government could facilitate the implementation of STBM programs initiated by the community. These schemes have been recommended to the city governments throughout Indonesia.

    COVID-19 Impact

    Even the collaboration program was completed at the end of 2019, the community and the Karawang district Government are still continuing the initiatives. The STBM group continues to do campaign on clean and healthy lifestyle behaviour and support the latrine construction process through revolving funds and community independent initiatives. The Karawang district government, coordinated by Bappeda, also continues to encourage related parties, both government agencies and private sector, to continue to develop this program. Covid 19 pandemic has affected the speed of program implementation, such as restrictions on community gatherings and so on. With the health protocol, the program gradually can be implemented. The sub-district initiative on implementing of 1000 latrines program has also been initiated and made Kutanegara Village as a pilot. The program is very strategic to support the prevention on the COVID-19 virus transmission by increasing level of community awareness on personal hygiene and the environment sanitation by increasing number of latrine ownership.

    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    This initiative does not yet fulfil the SMART criteria.
    01 October 2018 (start date)
    30 September 2019 (date of completion)
    PT. Pindo Deli Pulp and Paper Mills (Karawang Mill)
    Other beneficiaries

    Beneficiaries are the community of Kutanegara Village, CIampel District, Karawang Regency, either as direct or indirect beneficiaries. As an implementing partner, APP Sinar Mas collaborates with the NGO SPEAK Indonesia and USAID IUWASH Plus, so that the process of mentoring is more effective, and the scope of the program can be wider. This program also builds multi-stakeholder collaboration with the community, local government, Community Based Organization (CBO) KSM Sahabat Lingkungan and several other private parties.

    More information
    Contact Information