Integrated governance of water and marine protection for achievement of SDG 6 and SDG 14
Ministry of the Environment, Finland
Eutrophication and pollution in coastal areas are mainly catchment based. Finland is located by the Baltic Sea, a semi-enclosed shallow sea with a large catchment area. The main environmental problem in the Baltic Sea is eutrophication, with the nutrient run-off from diffuse sources on land being the most important cause. Therefore, recognizing the importance of the catchment area in managing the environmental problems at sea is essential and close cooperation and integration of water and marine protection policies is needed for measures to be effective. Finland has merged water and marine policies in practice by combining the governance structures for water and marine protection. We have common national steering and coordination groups for water resources and marine environment management. In addition, regional authorities responsible for implementation of the water and marine legislation and stakeholder cooperation are the same.
The aim of integrated governance is a concerted preparation of River Basin Management Plans and the Marine Strategy for Finland, which include measures to achieve a good status of waters. The programmes of measures are renewed every six years. Joint preparation enables cost-efficient and well targeted measures for achieving the environmental objectives of good status in surface and ground waters as well as coastal and marine waters.
The framework includes work at national level but also collaborative governance together with regional and local authorities as well as with the stakeholders. Effective integration of water and marine protection to sectoral policies (e.g. agriculture, industries, energy etc.) is essential for source to sea management of waters.
Integrated governance contributes towards achieving both the SDG 6 and SDG 14 targets in Finnish inland waters and in the Baltic Sea.
The integrated governance will result in better aligned River Basin Management Plans and Marine Strategy, including identification of most cost-efficient and targeted measures to reduce the pressures for both freshwater and marine ecosystems. The integrated governance can also save resources in the planning process and helps in targeted implementation of the measures.
The governance model is an example of a good practice of Source to Sea management, that can inspire other countries in their water and marine environment management.
Ministry of the Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Transport and Communication
SDGS & Targets
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services
By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water
By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated
Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
Change in water-use efficiency over time
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
Degree of integrated water resources management
Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time
Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan
Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
(a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small‐scale fisheries
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"
Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources
SDG 14 targets covered
|14.1||<p>By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution</p>|
|14.2||<p>By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans</p>|
|14.5||<p>By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information</p>|
Deliverables & Timeline
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