United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Improving Community’s Access to Sanitation

Asia Pulp and Paper Sinar Mas (
Private sector

    PT. Pabrik Kertas Tjiwi Kimia TBK (Tjiwi Kimia) is one of Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) Sinar Mas’ business units located in East Java. Based on the social impact assessment, there were four villages in the vicinity of the mill whose communities did not have access to proper sanitation, particularly for toilet use. Till then, the communities defecated in various areas such as river banks, or in a neighbor’s or relative’s house which had the proper sanitation. This was due to lack of understanding and knowledge of the importance of sanitation and the lack of financial resources to construct sanitation facilities.

    Implementation of the Project/Activity

    Prior to implementing the project, Habitat for Humanity Indonesia, together with Tjiwi Kimia and local authorities, conducted an assessment to identify the beneficiaries of the project. The programs prioritized the community members with low income, or widowed and elderly, as well as those occupying their own land. The communities agreed to contribute financially in the implementation of the program, which in turn evoked a sense of ownership towards the program. The developments included a septic tank, construction of sanitation facilities and providing meals for the workers. In addition, the program also included education and socialization on the importance of hygiene and living in a clean and healthy environment. Facilitated by Habitat for Humanity, this socialization program was aimed at all levels of community from children to adults.


    There has been an increase in the awareness of sanitation and hygiene amongst the communities since the implementation of the program. This can be seen in the significant decrease of people practicing open defecation in the target areas. By the end of the program, 121 toilets were built and utilized by the community. The communities also showed high enthusiasm in joining the education and socialization on household waste management (250 participants) and Clean and Healthy Life Style (175 adult participants and 55 children).

    Enabling factors and constraints

    • One of the main challenges in achieving safely managed sanitation is changing the behavior – right from the outset, improving the community and stakeholders’ capacity and awareness to support healthy and safe sanitation has been critical. • Community participation and multistakeholders collaboration has also been crucial to implement program. The higher the participation and collaboration, particularly in the training sessions, the more likely the longevity of the program.

    Sustainability and replicability

    A community-based sanitation program is a national program towards achieving universal access for clean water and sanitation. Thus, this program has high potential to be replicated, particularly in areas with low sanitation level and awareness. Synergy and collaboration amongst stakeholders will help to accelerate the program achievements.

    COVID-19 Impact

    This program is aimed to increase community awareness on the importance of maintain personal hygiene and protect the environment, so that community behavior could be changed. The changes are shown by the increasing number of people building the toilet and using it. The changes will have the positive impact in improving community health and triggering the other communities to change to a better habit. Thus, the program will also have impacted to minimize the transmission of the COVID-19 virus.

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    This initiative does not yet fulfil the SMART criteria.
    01 April 2017 (start date)
    30 August 2018 (date of completion)
    PT. Pabrik Kertas Tjiwi Kimia Tbk
    Other beneficiaries

    The beneficiaries of this program are the community Mlirip Rowo and Kedung Bojok village around Tjiwi Kimia Mill. Beneficiaries are the community of Kutanegara Village, CIampel District, Karawang Regency, either as direct or indirect beneficiaries. As an implementing partner, APP Sinar Mas collaborates with the Habitat for Humanity Indonesia (HfHI), so that the process of mentoring is more effective, and the scope of the program can be wider. This program also builds multi-stakeholder collaboration with the community, local government, and so on.

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