The UNICEF Ethiopia WASH programme aims to enhance equitable access to safe, affordable, and sustainable water and sanitation services in rural, urban and refugee areas at household, community and institutional levels. This is done in partnership with the Government of Ethiopia through the Ethiopia One WASH National Programme (OWNP). The OWNP is a multi-sectoral and multi-ministerial approach for implementation, monitoring, and policy development of the WASH sector. It is designed to centralise all coordination of public and donor activities. The UNICEF Ethiopia WASH programme’s four dimensions are: 1) sector coordination and knowledge management, 2) end open defecation, 3) rural WASH, and 4) urban and refugee WASH. The Danish funding supports the implementation of the general UNICEF WASH programme, and is expected to provide basic water services for more than 400,000 people, implement new climate resilient WASH schemes with the use of groundwater resources, and reduce the use of diesel by retrofitting water schemes into solar-driven schemes. The primary support is to Rural WASH (39% of funding) and Urban and Refugee WASH (20% of funding) as these reflect the Danish development priorities of access to water, climate resilience and gender equality. Within the Rural WASH support, the engagement focuses on five regions, namely Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR, Sidama and South West Ethiopia. Furthermore, the support will support the towns of Doyo Gena in SNNPR, and Ayssaita in Afar, under the Urban and Refugee WASH dimension. Denmark’s support has the following objective: By 2025, children and their families in rural, urban, and refugee areas have increased equitable access to safe, affordable, and sustainable water and sanitation services and appropriate hygiene practices at household, community, and institution levels. Adaptive management will be used to quality assure and prioritize the support to the programme, which is reflected in the amount of unallocated funds. There will be a mid-term review of the project, where an exit strategy will be proposed.
The programme is expected to provide access to basic water services for over 400,000 people in Ethiopia in rural, urban and refugee areas, thereby contributing to the implementation of Ethiopia’s One WASH National Programme and SDG 6. By supporting sector coordination and implementing through collaboration with the government One WASH National Programme, capacity building and a stronger water sector will be key impacts of the programme. The programme has also a large focus on climate friendly solutions. First groundwater mapping will be used to identify drought resistant resources, and ensure a more sustainable water supply. These climate adaptation methods will be supplemented by climate mitigation methods, such as electrified systems and solar driven water pumps, which will reduce the use of fossil fuel driven generators, for new and retrofitted water schemes. The WASH programme will positively affect children and youth’s health and reduce the risks for the most vulnerable children. It also reduces the burden of water collection, which effects many children, thereby enabling opportunities for education and growth. In rural and refugee settings, the programme will increase the number of water points in safe areas and private access to latrines, to reduce gender-based violence. Finally, the urban and refugee WASH component will improve water services for both refugees and host communities in Ayssaita, thereby enhancing their coexistence.
SDGS & Targets
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services
By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water
By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated
Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
Change in water-use efficiency over time
Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
Degree of integrated water resources management
Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time
Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan
Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
SDG 14 targets covered
Deliverables & Timeline
Rural access such as number of people provided with basic water supply services (target: 375,000).
Number of people in towns provided with basic water supply (target: 23,370) and basic sanitation services (target: 48,297).
Number of refugees and host communities provided with basic water supply (target: 34,927) and basic sanitation (target: 63,847).
Sector coordination such as number of woredas with proper management systems for WASH activities and results (target: 60) and WASH baseline data (target: 60).
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Ethiopia’s One WASH National Programme