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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Climate Change Vulnerabilities Assessment (CCVA)-based Coastal Communities Fishery Management Plan for Covid-19 Recovery

Rare (
Non-governmental organization (NGO)

    Rare is running a global initiative called Fish Forever which aims to improve marine ecosystems and coastal fisheries management, and benefit the social and economic conditions of communities whose lives depend on coastal resources all over the world. In Indonesia, this global initiative is manifested in Managed Access of Fishing Areas which has been implemented by South-East Sulawesi Province since 2018. With the approach of recovering and nurturing coastal ecosystems, one of the objectives from PAAP program is to develop ecosystem and coastal communities’ resiliency to climate change. This approach is called Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change (EbA). The final objective of EbA is not merely to improve the coastal ecosystems and fisheries resources, but also to improve the ability of coastal communities to adapt to impacts associated with climate change. Through the Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (CCVA), we identify the magnitude of the threats posed by climate change and the opportunities of coastal communities, including small scale fisheries to actively adapt and thrive under changed conditions.

    The three components in the CCVA are:

    (1) Exposure is represented by the physical changes taking place or threating to cause change in a system. In the fisheries context, changes in sea surface temperature, acidification, sea level rise, storm surge and intensity all threaten to impact the fishery through bleaching, direct and indirect fish mortality, and physical damage.

    (2) Sensitivity evaluates how those physical changes will affect the local ecological and social systems and people dependent upon those systems.

    (3) Adaptive Capacity is the ability of the local system to prepare for, respond to, and recover from those changes. This is often measured by resources available to assist recovery, through developed plans, cached resources, resilient infrastructure, and government effectiveness.

    Expected Impact

    The Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment report, that has been prepared collectively by the Marine Affairs and Fisheries Agency of South-East Sulawesi Province and Rare, is a fundamental effort to identify key areas where the resiliency of coastal communities can be developed and improved. As a part of this report, the biophysical and social data collections and surveys—with more than 6,000 fishing households from 200 fishing villages as respondents—were conducted collaboratively with many parties. Fisheries Agencies from 10 coastal districts in the South-East Sulawesi Province participated actively in the data collection process. A key finding from the assessment results shows that from 16 coastal areas where data was collected, only locations in Konawa Islands District have low scores on climate change vulnerability. On the contrary, locations in the other 9 districts show high scores on climate change vulnerability. The report includes recommended strategies and potential actions to be implemented by local governments, village governments and coastal fishery-dependent communities. The communities are then facilitated to also produce Managed-Access for Fishing Action Plan in which climate change adaptation strategies, such as the establishment of no-take-areas, ecosystem protection, improvement of access to financial services, development of social cohesion and community empowerment, are part of plan. By implementing the strategies, these coastal communities will have the ability to sustain their life during difficult situations, such as climate change events and (covid19) pandemic.


    Provincial government of South East Sulawesi, 10 district governments i.e. North Konawe, Konawe Islands, South Konawe, Bombana, Buton, South Buton, North Buton, Central Buton, Muna and West Muna

    Goal 13

    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

    Goal 13


    Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries


    Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population


    Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030


    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies


    Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning


    Number of countries with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


    Total greenhouse gas emissions per year


    Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning


    Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment


    Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible


    Amounts provided and mobilized in United States dollars per year in relation to the continued existing collective mobilization goal of the $100 billion commitment through to 2025


    Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities



    Number of least developed countries and small island developing States with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    Name Description

    Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (CCVA) report

    Regional Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation, SE Sulawesi Province

    Managed Access for Fishing Community Action Plan

    Implementation of Managed Access for Fishing Action Plan

    Financing (in USD)
    Rare plans to replicate the initiative to other coastal villages in SE Sulawesi Province or to new coastal provinces in Indonesia. Demands come from North Sulawesi, Maluku and North Maluku Provincial Government and currently the plan is underway.
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
    Action Network
    SDG Acceleration Actions
    07 January 2019 (start date)
    30 December 2022 (date of completion)
    1. Asia and Pacific
    Other beneficiaries

    The beneficiaries of this initiative are about 141 thousands people living in 175 coastal villages across the 10 districts in SE Sulawesi province

    More information
    Contact Information

    Hari, Senior Director, Program Implementation and Policy