United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Zambia

REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA
Permanent MiSsion of Zambia to the United Nations, 237 East 52nd Street, New York, NY 10022
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STATEMENT
BY
,:ÿ: MS. CHRISTINE KALAMWINNA
.:,:i ÿ ÿ - - :::.ÿ CHARGE D AFFAIRS AND DEPUTY PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF.ZAMBIA
:ÿ:ÿ TO THE UNITED NATIONS
ON
BEHALF OF THE GROUP OF LANDLOCKED DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES (LLDCS)
DELIVERED AT THE
THE UNITED NATIONS OCEANS CONFERENCE
PLENARY
5a'n- 9Iÿ JUNE, 2017
Mr. President,
Excellences,
Distinguished delegates,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the group of
Landlocked Developing Countries.
I wish to congratulate The Co-Presidents of Fiji and Sweden for
convening this important conference as we build momentum towards
the implementation of the SDG 14 and indeed towards the 2030
Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 SDGs in an
integrated manner. At the outset, I would like to commend you Mr.
President for the timely preparations that have been made to this
effect. May I also thank the Co-facilitators, the Permanent
Representatives of Portugal and Singapore to the United Nations for
their leadership and hard work to the intergovernmentaI process
leading to the Political declaration and outcome of this Conference.
The process has been an open and inclusive process.
Mr. President,
The SDGs are indivisible and should be impIemented in an inclusive
manner and their implementation should take into consideration the
interconnectedness of the people and of the planet. The
implementation should also prioritise the most vulnerable so that no
one will be left behind.
The group of Landlocked Developing Countries recognises that the
Oceans are a common heritage to all and to the fact that maintaining
sustainability and health of the Oceans is of great importance to all
countries. We recogn!se the huge threats faced by the oceans and its
resources as well as the devastating impact of unhealthy oceans. The
LLDCs are experiencing the devastating impacts of climate change
which is a result of the unhealthy oceans and these include E1 Nifio,
desertification and land degradation. This situation continues to
negatively affect the development prospects of most LLDCs as well
as their food security. We tlÿerefore welcome the fact that the Call for
Action acknowledges the challenges faced by our countries in pursuit
of sustainable development
Mr. President,
The UNCLOS gives the landlocked states the right to access the
oceans as well as the right to participate, on an equitable basis, in the
exploration of the surplus of the living resources. It also states that
the high seas are open to all States, whether coastal or land-locked
and that the sea-bed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof, beyond the
limits of national jurisdiction, and its resources, are the common
heritage of mankind. In addition, it states that the activities in the
Area are to be carried out for the benefit of the mantdnd as a whole
irrespective of the geographical location of States.
Whilst the UNCLOS gives the LLDCs right to access as well as the
right to exploit resources, these rights are still not fully realised. The
LLDCs' participation in the blue economy remains quite minimal due
to several reasons including: poorly developed transit and transport
systems, limited resources, lack of awareness, as well as limited
access to the sea. There is therefore the need to enhance the
participation of the LLDCs in the ocean-based economies as well as
in the implementation of SDG 14. In a world of growing complexity
and rapid advancement, certain fundamental ethical and moral
principles need to be taken on board and deliberate action taken to
ensure equal and fair use of these critical resources. In this regard, the
importance of support through the provision of technical assistance
and capacity building, as well as the provision of financial support,
are necessaly to integrate the LLDCs into the blue economy and
enhance growth.
It is worth noting, that about 90 percent of the world trade is carried
out by the sea and the extent of participation of the LLDCs in global
trade is contingent on their ability to access the sea. The ease of
access and freedom of transit is therefore of paramount importance
for the LLDCs to integrate into the global economy and to the
implementation of the Vienna Programme of action and most
significantly to their achievement of sustainable development.
Freedom of transit and access are also important for the LLDCs to
participate in other ocean-based activities including marine research.
It is therefore important to address challenges faced by the LLDCs in
accessing the sea. This includes through addressing transit challenges
faced by the LLDCs by providing transit infrastructure and
undertaking border crossing reforms.
Mr President,
In conclusion, I wish to reiterate the LLDCs commitment to the
implementation SDG 14 and the achievement of its targets. We wilt
continue to engage on these issues and contribute to the achievement
of the Sustainable Development.
I thank you.
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