United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

South Africa

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
CSD15 THEME: CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Intergovernmental Planning Meeting - New York 28 February 2007
Mr Chairman, South Africa supports the statement made by Pakistan on behalf of G77 and China
Introduction
Climate change is a global problem that requires a global solution. It has to be recognized that
sustainable development goals and targets will not be achieved without addressing challenges
associated with climate change. The potentially devastating impacts of climate change on
livelihoods in developing countries, in particular in Africa, make adaptation to the adverse effects of
climate change, a top priority. In order to access the required new and additional funding, we must
also widen the circle of implementation beyond the narrow emphasis on integrating adaptation and
development programmes. In addition, efforts are needed to reduce barriers to technology transfer
and diffusion and to enhance research and development efforts in developing countries on
adaptation technologies.
Challenges and Constraints
Key challenges and constraints in relation to climate change faced by developing countries include:
? The fact that developing countries have an overriding priority to address poverty and basic
human needs through economic and social development which demands that international
climate change policy and related disaster management measures needs to be
?development focused?
? Inadequate research, data collection, analytical and scientific capacity and therefore a lack
of reliable locally relevant scientific and predictive information for policy, planning and
decision-making
? Generally, developing countries lack the financial, technical and institutional capacities to
address climate change
? At the international level there is a lack of urgency, clear market signals and the
development of climate incentives which inhibits investment in climate friendly
development paths
? At national levels there is often a lack of capacity to access, manage and attract
meaningful investment in existing climate instruments such as the CDM
? All these challenges are further exacerbated by the inadequacy of current funding
available under multilateral mechanisms to support climate mitigation and adaptation
measures
Key Policy Options
South Africa believes that the CSD should not duplicate the extremely complex discussions that
are currently taking place in other multi-lateral fora such as the UNFCCC. However, the CSD has
a key role to play in addressing broader sustainable development policies and capacity with direct
climate change co-benefits. In this context, South Africa believes that the policies to be addressed
at CSD 15 should focus on policies and measures to:
? Strengthen regional and international early warning systems, such as the Global Climate
Change Observation System (GCOS), and support the establishment of Regional, Remote
Sensing Units (RRSU).
? Support the establishment of disaster management capacities and centres at regional
levels, in particular where they do not yet exist. We would like to emphasise that the key
needs for such international policies and measures have already been outlined in the
African Regional Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction and include capacity to identify and
assess disaster risks; enhancing disaster related knowledge management systems;
integrating disaster management programmes with the ongoing sustainable development
plans.
? Enhance developing country, in particular Africa?s, capacity to initiate, manage and attract
investment into low carbon social, economic and environmental development paths,
including improved capacity to access international market based instruments such as, the
CDM.
? Strengthen developing country, in particular Africa?s, sustainable development research
and institutional capacity which will enable the development and implementation of
adequate responses to mitigation and adaptation challenges.
? Support developing country, in particular Africa?s, capacity to mobilize resources for the
implementation of ?climate proof? and low carbon sustainable development path which puts
at the forefront initiatives to adapt to climate change and manage the risks and impacts of
extreme weather events, sea level rise and climate variability
? Enhance South-South sustainable development co-operation with climate change cobenefits
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