United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Peru and Mexico

PERU MEXICO
CLUSTER 5
Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements
We propose the following goals:
• Increase the number of cities that meet environmental quality standards (%)
• Reduce waste generation per capita (%)
• Increase the plans and actions for resilience in cities with 100,000 or more inhabitants (%)
• Slow the rate of growth of the urban sprawl
• Increase public space per capita
• Reduce the urban air pollution
• Increase access to safe housing for all by 2030
• Increase the use of culture as a tool to achieve sustainable urban development
• Increase the protection of historical and cultural heritage (%)
• Increase the number of national laws that include an assessment of cultural impact in the processes of urbanization
Climate
En este tema, el Perú y Mexico consideran que las metas a definirse deben ser compatibles con las ya acordadas en el marco de la Convencion Marco de Naciones Unidas sobre cambio climatico y apoyar en lo posible la viabilidad del proceso negociador en dicho marco.
Consideramos que el documento propuesto por ustedes co presidentes, las propuestas planteadas incorporan de manera significativa la dimensión ambiental, pero se requiere mayor énfasis en cuestiones sociales y económicas. Tambien se debe determinar hasta que punto algunas de las metas propuestas duplicarían lo que se esta haciendo en el contexto de las negociaciones en la Convencion, por ejemplo
a) Se mencionan los incentivos económicos para impulsar el uso de tecnologías bajas en carbono, pero no se hace referencia a los esquemas de largo plazo que se requieren para lograr una "reducción equitativa de "gases de efecto invernadero"
b) Las soluciones bajas en carbono se mencionan para la industria e infraestructura, pero no para el sector agrícola.
c) Se destaca la energía entre las áreas en las que pueden existir vínculos, sin embargo en esta sección se pueden incluir la promoción de energía renovable y eficiencia energética como factores clave para ir más allá de los ámbitos relacionados años con la infraestructura y la industria.
We propose the following goals:
• In accordance with existing international agreements, global temperature should be below 2 degrees Celsius
• Increase the number of national plans and strategies that incorporate disaster risk management produced by hydro-meteorological phenomena by 2030
• Reduce by 50% the number of affected populations and material losses caused by natural disasters in regions of mountains.
Sustainable consumption and production
We propose the following targets:
• Increase the number of cities that meet environmental quality standards (%)
• Reduce waste generation per capita (%)
• Companies must adopt mandatory assessments to address for their entire productive chain
• Increase the number of countries that have integrated the traditional knowledge in their environmental protection policies aimed at mitigation and adaptation to climate change and to achieve resilience
• Strengthen the management of ecosystems according to the international and national legislation in force, taking into account the practices and traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples and communities, through the maintenance of skills (demonstration of best practices)
• Strengthen the management of the natural wealth of the indigenous peoples of maintenance skills, demonstration of best practices
• Participation of indigenous peoples in the management of natural wealth
• Support and encourage good practice of fair trade particularly the Bio Trade
• Progressively eliminate agricultural trade-distortion subsidies