United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Papua New Guinea

Pacific SIDS Statement
? Thank you Mr. Chairman.
? The Pacific SIDS (namely, Fiji, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Federated
States of Micronesia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands,
Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu) are happy to participate in this event.
? An unacceptably high percentage of people in Pacific SIDS do not have
access to modern energy supplies.
? Concrete actions must be taken to improve access to reliable, affordable
and environmentally sound energy supplies in PSIDS.
? Pacific SIDS, like all other SIDS, are heavily dependent on petroleum and
fossil fuels for meeting most of their energy needs. The dependence on a
single source of energy is extremely costly (up to 30-40% of national
budgets) and compounds Pacific SIDS mounting vulnerability to external
shocks outside of their control;
? Areas with the largest potential for economic growth, such as tourism,
fisheries, agriculture and forestry are highly dependant on fossil fuel
based technology throughout the entire value chain.
? While renewable energy has potential as an alternative source of energy
for Pacific SIDS, the implementation and maintenance costs are major
barriers, for which SIDS need dedicated international support.
? Consequently, security of energy supply for sustainable development is a
critical issue and Pacific SIDS priority energy areas must be addressed
urgently and comprehensively. Policy, technical and financial assistance is
required, to;
o Secure an affordable source of Petroleum products and to
effectively manage national strategic reserves against supply side
disruptions. [This covers possible subsidies from oil producing/oil
supplying nations]
o Overcome the efficiency and cost penalties imposed by the
diseconomies of isolation and the lack of economies of scale in the
distribution, storage and handling of petroleum products in the
o Overcome the high sunk cost implications of large scale renewable
energy projects that aim to displace fossil dependency in urban
o Increase the use and affordability of appropriate renewable energy
technologies for rural populations in particular for lighting, water
reticulation and health and school centers.
o Assist in the establishment, management and sustainable land
management practices for sources for Biofuel production. Two
examples, Vanuatu and Marshall Islands using coconut oil.
o Improve energy efficiency and conservation ? energy efficient
appliances and light bulbs
o Implement appropriate renewable energy technologies and systems
that are durable, sustainable, affordable and suitable for the islands
[appropriate technology transfer] ? referenced: energy and gender
and the rural areas
o Improve access to financing modalities (public and private) for the
increased establishment of renewable energy systems.