United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Intervention by Ms. Farhat Ayesha of Pakistan
14th Session of Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD14)
Accelerating industrial development for poverty eradication
(May 04, 2006) AM session
Mr. Chairman,
Let me extend my appreciation and thanks to you and the panelists for
enlightening us with their knowledge and experiences.
It is encouraging to note that some developing countries have
experienced significant economic growth rates in recent years largely owing
to rapid industrial development. I am proud to say that Pakistan?s economy
grew at the rate of more than 8% in 2004-05, which is the second highest
growth rate in Asia.
2. I would like to draw the attention of this house towards some of the
challenges faced by developing countries. Insufficient financial resources
and technological backwardness as well as inequitable international trading
system have hindered our efforts in industrial development to achieve
sustainable development and poverty eradication. International cooperation
is crucial in this regard. Developed countries should take concrete measures
to remove tariff and non-tariff barriers to industrial imports and reduce bias
against processed good exports from developing countries. The enterprises
should enhance corporate, environmental and social responsibility.
Mr. Chairman,
3. It has been rightly pointed out in SG?s report (E/CN/17/2006/3) on
?Energy for sustainable development, industrial development, air
pollution/atmosphere and climate change? that barriers to industrial
development often include inadequate infrastructure and human capacities
and lack of incentives for private investment.
4. Developing countries face a number of industrial development
challenges, depending on their current level of development and industrial
structure. These include policy and institutional impediments that stifle
entrepreneurial risk taking and significantly increase the cost of doing
business, inadequate infrastructure, including reliable power supplies, to
support large-scale industry, a poorly educated and trained labour force,
inadequate technological capabilities of local enterprises and weak
technology support institutions.
5. Policy decisions are hampered by the lack of adequate information
and data on trnasboundary air pollution, and enhancing and expanding
current monitoring arrangements could serve to overcome this barrier.
6. In order to rectify this situation, we need to build sound national
political, social and macroeconomic policies for domestic enabling
environment conducive to industrial development. We also need to create
incentives for the adoption of improved environmental management
practices and environmentally sound technologies. We should promote
sustainable consumption and production patterns in order to achieve
sustainable development.