United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Norway

NORWAY
1
Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)
IPM - New York 23 ? 27 February 2009
Agriculture
Key points
? Increase agricultural production in a sustainable and climate-resilient way and ensure a
better distribution and access to food.
? Encourage strengthened cooperation between relevant existing institutions, conventions
and mechanisms to forge the necessary global partnership for food security and
agriculture. To optimize the impact of new and needed initiatives and financial
mechanisms we should aim to avoid additional transaction costs by establishing new
structures..
? Supporting locally based in-situ use and preservation of genetic resources for food and
agriculture, as well as research at all levels to support and develop environmentally
sustainable management of natural resources.
Agriculture is a central sector in our efforts to reduce hunger and poverty through sustainable
development. World population is increasing and more people are food insecure. An increase
in global agricultural production and better distribution and access to food is vital to realize
the first Millennium Development Goal of halving extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. The
Voluntary Guidelines for the progressive realization of the right to adequate food could serve
as a useful tool. It is important that all countries, including countries with challenging
conditions for agricultural production, must contribute to global food production.
Climate change adds to the challenge of food security, and the agricultural sector is central in
achieving adaptations to climate change and disaster risk reduction. Agricultural production
must be based upon environmentally sustainable and climate-resilient methods towards
carbon-neutral agriculture. To this end research in the agricultural field should be expanded.
Agriculture is founded on the diversity of plant and animal genetic resources, and on their
ability to adapt to change. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and
Agriculture establishes common global rules for access to crop diversity and equitable sharing
of the benefits of such resources. It is of particular importance to the development of
agriculture in developing countries to support locally based in-situ preservation and use of
genetic resources for food and agriculture.
Development of the agricultural sector must be a central part of the development agenda.We
must build upon already existing institutions and structures to forge the necessary global
partnership for food security. The UN High Level Task Force on the Global Food Crisis is
key here, as well as the three Rome based institutions (FAO, WFP and IFAD). It is equally
important to encourage regionally based structures like NEPAD to ensure, in this case,
African ownership to development and food security in Africa.
Stakeholders