United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Norway

CSD14
Wednesday 3rd May 2006.
Thematic discussion on Meeting growing needs for energy services through increased use of
renewable energy, grater reliance on advanced energy technologies, including advanced and
fossil fuel technologies.
Statement by the Norwegian delegate
Mr. Chair,
Fossil fuels will continue to dominate energy supplies for many years to come. We can
however take steps towards more environmentally sound production and consumption of
these fuels.
To meet the continuing rise in energy demand while at the same time limit emissions of
greenhouse gases and minimizing environmental and social impacts, we need to take a broad
approach at national level and through concerted international efforts:
· We need to diversify our energy supplies.
· We need to change the mix of fossil fuels ? away from coal towards less carbonintensive
fossil fuels such as natural gas.
· We need to increase our efforts in research and development on technologies for
cleaner production and more efficient use of fossil fuels.
· We need to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy intensity in all sectors.
· We need to increase environmentally sound use of renewable energy, including
hydropower.
Norway is a country rich in natural energy resources such as oil and gas, hydropower, wind,
wave and bioenergy. We export all of our gas and most of our oil. Our domestic electricity
production is close to 100 percent renewable hydropower.
This fortunate situation calls on us to engage actively and substantially in developing clean
technologies for the production and use of fossil fuels. Carbon capture and storage is an
option we must pursue. This technology has the potential to purify fossil fuels and at the same
time increase oil production if used for increased oil recovery. As an oil producer, we must be
leaders, not laggards in this field.
The Norwegian government has ambitious goals for capture, use and storage of carbon
dioxide in Norway. The technical potential for using CO2 for enhanced oil recovery and for
storage purpose in the North Sea is substantial. There are, however, still economic and
technical challenges with this technology.
The goal must be to establish a carbon value chain. That is to convert carbon dioxide from
and environmental problem to a tool for value creation.
A number of countries, producers and consumers, are working together to develop viable CCS
technologies. We will continue our participation in international cooperative projects in this
field.
An example of what goes on in Norway is the recent agreement between Shell and Statoil to
develop the world's largest project using CO2 from power generation for enhanced oil
recovery offshore. The concept involves capturing CO2 from power generation and utilizing it
to enhance oil recovery, resulting in increased energy production with lower CO2 impact. The
government supports this project which could be an important milestone towards cleaner and
greener fossil fuels.
Thank you.
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