United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Norwegian Delegation
Statement on Monitoring and Reporting,
Wednesday 2 March 2005
Efforts to reach the water and sanitation targets must focus on
sustainable service delivery, rather than on construction of
This focus on service delivery should also extend to monitoring
systems. Monitoring and assessment systems for access to water
supply and sanitation services need to be active and adequately
resourced from the sub-national to the international levels. These
systems need to employ valid and reliable measures of access to
water supply and sanitation services. More specifically:
· Access to services, rather than to infrastructure, should be at
the center of monitoring efforts. The parameters that matter
most to users?including the convenience, reliability,
sustainability, and adequacy of water supply and sanitation
services?should be measured over time, as should equity of
· Collected data should be shared in user-friendly formats with
NGOs, civil society, and the public at large as well as with
national and international institutions.
What mechanisms should be used at the international level to
report on progress?
Our position is that there is no need to establish new mechanisms ?
we need to strengthen the existing ones.
The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme ? JMP - must be
strengthened as the key global mechanism for monitoring access to
water supply and sanitation and provided with greater funding.
WHO and UNICEF should ensure that arrangements increasingly
enable contribution to and participation in the JMP. Bilateral
agencies should both provide more funding and refrain from
setting up parallel structures.
We welcome the establishment UN-Water to enhance cooperation
and coordination within the UN. UN-Water should be mandated to
periodically report, through World Water Development Report
(WWDR), which is hosted by UNESCO, on progress in water
resources development and management for the MDGs, including
progress on the development of strategies for integrated water
resources management and efficiency by 2005.
Thank you!