United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Nigeria

Mr. Chairman
On behalf of Nigeria, I wish to align myself with the statement of the
Representative of Pakistan on behalf of the G-77 and China
Mr. Chairman
Africa, of all major regions, contributes the least in greenhouse gas emissions
due to its low per capita energy consumption, yet Africa is the most vulnerable to
the impacts of climate change. The apparent impacts include loss of biodiversity,
rapid deterioration in land cover, depletion of catchments and aquifers, encroaching
desertification, etc.
The main challenges facing African population emanate from extreme
climate events such as floods, strong winds, drought, etc. Africa defends mostly on
farming and farming defends almost entirely on the quality of the rainy season- a
situation that makes the continent particularly vulnerable to climate change.
Adaptation measures are available but very costly for African countries to
undertake. The existing funding mechanisms of the convention on climate change
have so far not invested much on adaptation. In fact, most of the on-going projects
are on mitigation which do not favour our continent.
African countries should thereby be assisted in their national efforts through
transfer of new technologies, capacity-building and technical knowledge. Focus
should also be placed on putting in place early warning system to detect climate
fluctuations. Important provision of financial resources to Africa is key to
addressing climate change. Innovative mechanisms such as the CDM projects
should be distributed evenly and equally to enable Africans to benefit. At present
are the most marginalized.
I thank you.
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