United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Nepal

Mr. Chairman,
My delegation aligns itself with the statement made on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
I thank the distinguished panellists for their useful presentations.
Mr. Chairman,
The socio-economic situation of the people along with the environment and natural resources
has negatively been affected by the ever increasing amount and diversification of waste. This
has been particularly caused by the economic growth, urbanization, industrialization, and
unsustainable production and consumption patterns. The rapid increasing trend of such waste
has resulted in land, water and air pollutions. The impact is more adverse in the least
developed countries like Nepal, undermining even the progress to achieve the Millennium
Development Goals.
The management of waste has become further challenging with the increase in hazardous
waste as the situation becomes more complicated when it is intermixed with other waste.
Today, we have been confronting the continuing and worsening effects of the e-waste as well.
Therefore, is has been more critical to effectively implement the Basel Convention (on the
Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal).
The increase in waste due to unsustainable consumption habits at the global level has also
hindered our progress towards sustainable development. As mentioned in Agenda 21,
sustainable development involves the effective management of solid waste, hazardous waste
and sewage.
Mr. Chairman,
Since 1980, we laid a particular emphasis towards sustainable development in Nepal. Starting
with the sixth five-year plan and we have included this topic in all subsequent periodic plans.
Nepal has been applying her best practices in sustainable community development programs in
line with preserving traditional knowledge of environmental protection. The technologies
based on the traditional knowledge are still extensively used by rural communities for growing
foods, managing natural resources and providing health services in Nepal. We prepared a
fifteen year Sustainable Development agenda in 2003 aiming to guide national level
development plans and policies up to 2017, which is consistent with government?s more
detailed plans of action such as periodic plans, development strategies at sectoral level. It is
also compatible with the objectives of attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
We have been experiencing some difficulties in waste management in our country. Due to huge
collection of scattered waste inside communities, footpaths and along the streets, the problem
in managing the waste has been particularly acute in Kathmandu Metropolitan City as well as
in other densely populated cities of Nepal. Efforts are underway to collect and recycle the waste
with a view to produce energy and fertilizer. Likewise, an effective and environment friendly
waste management requires immediate attention from national and local governments. We
believe that the public private partnership can also be taken as one of the appropriate models
for sound waste management in this connection.
Mr. Chairman,
The lack of low economic and technological base and the structural impediments has mired
our efforts towards sound waste management. The global economic and financial crisis, food
crisis, energy crisis and the adverse impact of climate change have severely constrained our
efforts towards sustainable development. These multiple crises have eroded the potentials of
achieving the goals and commitments of 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development as
well.
The sound waste management is costly and beyond the reach of the poor communities and
countries like ours. We need investment in building our sustainable capacities to manage waste
in the long-run perspective. For this, an enhanced and predictable flow of resources together
with affordable flow of technology is a must. In this context, a coherent and concerted approach
is needed in addressing the issues of the sustainable development in a holistic manner,
particularly in the least developed countries, taking into account of their special needs.
I thank you.
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