United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Malaysia

United Nations Nations Unies
Secretary-General's Global Sustainable Transport Conference
Hosted by the Government of Turkmenistan
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
26 - 27 November 2016
Plenary session with statements of commitment and ambition
Statements by ministerial-level participants
His Excellency Ban Ki-moon
Secretary-General of the United Nations,
Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Good Morning,
Introduction
1. I am truly delighted to be here in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan to
participate in this Global Sustainable Transport Conference this morning.
2. It gives me great honour to address this conference on behalf of
the Government of Malaysia.
3. I wish to also express my appreciation to His Excellency Ban Kimoon,
Secretary-General of the United Nations for his leadership and
able stewardship.
The Importance of Transport
Excellencies,
4. An efficient and integrated transport system is imperative to
increase economic competitiveness and facilitate integration with the
global economy. Transport is without doubt, a catalyst for economic
growth. The importance of transport's role, its contribution and the need
for further development of transport infrastructure to enhance transport
linkages and connectivity is well recognized.
5. Therefore, sustainable transport is crucial to ensure the freedom of
mobility of both, people and goods, without sacrificing essential human
or ecological values including affordability for socially disadvantaged
groups and the long-term financial feasibility of transport systems.
Malaysia's commitment for SDGs
6. Malaysia is committed to support and implement the 2030 Agenda
for Sustainable Development. Looking at the current development
strategies and goals of the country, I am pleased to inform that Malaysia
is on the right track towards achieving the global SDG Agenda,
particularly in the transport sector.
7. In supporting the SDG agenda on climate change, Malaysia has
pledged commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for
up to 45% in terms of emission intensity of GDP by the year 2030. The
commitment is conditional to technology transfer and financial support
from developed countries.
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Eleventh Malaysia Plan 2016-2020
8. The Eleventh Malaysia Plan 2016-2020, a plan formulated
prioritising the wellbeing of the people across all development efforts, in
many aspects mirrors the multi-dimensional nature of the SDGs and will
serve as an overarching and guiding policy for sustainable development
in this country.
9. With the theme "Anchoring Growth on People", the Eleventh
Malaysia Plan sets out six strategic thrusts designed to drive the
economy forward, address challenges and embrace opportunities in the
rapidly changing global landscape. Global sustainable development
goals are integrated into the planning framework as part of the national
outcomes for the strategic thrusts.
Green Growth Strategy For Development
10. Recognizing the importance of conserving our environment for our
future generations and the increasingly extreme changes in weather
events, the fourth thrust of the Eleventh Malaysia Plan will focus
exclusively on adopting green growth strategy for development. It
represents Malaysia's strong commitment towards the environment and
its long-term sustainability.
11. While Malaysia's development plans are extensive, it is important
however to examine areas where the SDGs can further enrich our
development plans. This is to ensure that our development aspirations
are aligned comprehensively to the Post 2030 Agenda.
12. To achieve these outcomes, Malaysia will be focusing on four key
areas in pursuing green growth for sustainability and resilience:
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(a) Strengthening the enabling environment for green growth;
(b) Adopting the sustainable consumption and production concept;
(c) Conserving natural
generations; and
resources for present and future
(d) Strengthening resilience against climate change and natural
disasters.
Encouraging Low Carbon Mobility
13. The transportation sector in Malaysia accounts for approximately
35% of the total energy consumed nationally, and produces nearly 50
million metric tons of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in 2015, second only to
electricity power generation.
14. Out of this, 85.2% of transportation emissions comes from road
transport. This is due to the high rate of personal automobile ownership,
where cars account for about 59% of the overall emissions from
transport, while freight contributes 27%.
15. In facing these challenges, one of the strategies in adopting the
sustainable consumption and production concept under the Eleventh
Malaysia Plan is by encouraging low carbon mobility. This is in line with
SDG's goal of making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe,
resilient and sustainable as well as taking urgent action to combat
climate change and its impacts.
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Encourage The Usage Of Public Transport
16. Low carbon mobility emphasises on the usage of public transport,
which emits nearly half of a single occupant car's carbon footprint. By
encouraging the use of public transport, we can reduce congestion and
at the same time minimise environmental pollution.
17. There are several mechanisms to reduce energy consumption and
emissions of harmful gases including black smoke of the transport
sector.
Energy Efficient Vehicles (EEVs)
18. These include using energy efficient vehicles (EEVs), increasing
the use of biofuels and compressed natural gas (CNG), placing higher
fuel standards to reduce air pollution and increasing the use of public
transportation as the preferred mode by providing a seamless and
reliable modal mix of transportation.
19. This will eventually reduce overdependency on private vehicles.
20. Furthermore, the use of EEVs is in line with the objectives of the
National Automotive Policy (NAP) 2014. EEVs can contribute to
minimising the impact on the environment
dependency on fossil fuel and fuel wastage
harmful gases and black smoke.
in terms of reducing
as well as emission of
21. The Government is working with relevant agencies to increase
adoption of EEVs, especially for public transport like buses and taxis.
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Public Transport Investments
22. Malaysia is currently actively embarking on massive public
transport investments in cities -including Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
systems in Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley (GKL/KV) and bus
systems in other state capitals. This is in line with our target to achieve
40% public transport modal share in GKL/KV and 20% in other cities.
23. The Government will also work towards increasing bio-diesel
blending requirements of up to 15% in automotive fuel and implementing
the EURO 5 emission standards during the Eleventh Malaysia Plan
including promoting the use of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG).
Road Safety Initiative
Excellencies,
24. In making our cities and human settlements inclusive, safe,
resilient and sustainable, Malaysia has launched several initiatives
including the Blackspot Mitigation Programme and Road Safety Audit.
25. Through these programmes, it is estimated that the national road
fatalities will be reduced by 50% by 2020, in line with the
recommendations of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road
Safety 2011-2020 while the response time to address road hazards,
including landslides and potholes, will be shortened.
GMBM
Excellencies,
26. Recently, the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
during its 39th Assembly adopted a Resolution for the establishment of
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Global Market Based Measure to offset CO2 emissions from
international aviation and contribute to the carbon neutral growth of the
sector from 2020 onwards.
27. Malaysia is committed to the 2020 goal of reducing carbon
emissions by 40%, a challenge we can meet - together.To that end, we
have pledged to support ICAO's Global Market-Based Measures.
GREEN PORT INITIATIVE
28. In the maritime sector, while there is still room to improve
sustainable policies, our ports have taken the first step to develop a
'Green Port Policy' - a Johor Port Authority initiative. The policy is a
general guide for all port operators moving towards green port
environment and will act as a catalyst towards more sustainable port
operation and development in Malaysia.
29. The implementation of the SDGs within the context of our five-year
development plans will require a whole-of-government-approach, which
will allow limited resources and funding to be optimised by implementing
integrated the collaborative programmes that can benefit all parties.
Malaysia has successfully applied this approach through the National
Blue Ocean Strategy and we will continue to do so in the case of the
SDGs.
CLOSING
30. Last but not least, I wish to thank the United Nations and the
Turkmenistan Government for bringing together all the stakeholders to
this Conference and I am sure we will have a fruitful session ahead.
Thank you.
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Stakeholders