United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Major Group: Women

EIGHTH SESSION OF THE OPEN WORKING GROUP ON THE SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT GOALS (OWG8)
CO-CHAIR MORNING SESSION: OCEANS AND SEAS
3 February 2014, UNHQ, NEW YORK, USA
Remarks by NOELENE NABULIVOU
Diverse Voices and Action for Equality, Fiji
Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN)*
Distinguished Co-Chairs, friends, all protocols observed. I'm Noelene Nabulivou, representing
Diverse Voices and Action for Equality Fiji, DAWN, and the Women's Major Group.
Today I will highlight ongoing WMG calls for specificity, coherency, and appropriate scale and
depth of response on gender, sustainable development and oceans and seas. I will conclude with
three further observations relating specifically to goals, targets and indicators as requested by Co-
Chairs at this stage - aarising from the work of over 500 organisations and social networks:
On specific attention to gender equality, human rights and sustainable development, we are
encouraged to hear many partners, States and the Co-Chairs throughout the eight OWGs affirming
the importance of gender equality and human rights to sustainable development. So at this critical
juncture in negotiations we now look forward to gender equality being clearly and strongly
represented as a core transformative necessity for the realization of sustainable development,
where women are not just viewed as victims or end-users, but as strong, innovative
contributors to all households, workplaces, societies, governments, and advocates in
multilateral processes. We reiterate our call for a gender equality goal, with specific targets and
indicators across all SDGs. We also point out that the most robust human rights and social justice
framework is necessary as drivers of any sustainable development, and environmental rights as
central, never as an externality. Without all this, we cannot have healthy oceans.
On coherence, effectiveness and global governance, this must be expressed through an ambitious
and human rights framed SDG agenda, incorporating lessons learnt from the MDGs for wider and
linked targets and indicators; and in full cogniscence of Rio+20 Section where UN member states
commitment included that SDGs be based on Agenda 21, Rio principles, international law,
commitments already made, balanced across all three dimensions of sustainable development and
inter-linkages, and coherent with and integrated into the UN development agenda beyond 2015,
with active involvement of all stakeholders. Also recalling specific focus on SIDs, LDCs, Africa
and other special State circumstances; strongest work on sustainable consumption and production,
AND ON OCEANS AND SEAS.
Coherency also necessitates alignment with the SIDs track; across UNFCCC negotiations. Also the
upcoming 20th year review of progress of the Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action ; ICPD
Beyond 2014; and all other hard-won normative international agreements on human rights and
development. As well as coherency across these multilateral agreements, these SDG processes will
lead a path in clarifying and highlighting the scale and urgency of climate change conditions,
and while not duplicating, can certainly set trends toward ambitious and legally binding climate
change mitigation commitments, essential for health and sustainability of oceans, air and land.
Thirdly on urgency and scale of response, calling with other NGO and scientific experts and
advocates for specific attention to the so-called 'deadly trio' of cumulative impacts of global
oceanic warming, sea level rise, and increased levels of deoxygenation caused by coastal
nutrient run-off, combining to destroy the protective shield the ocean provides against the worst
effects of accelerating climate change and environmental degredation. The SDGs must measure
and monitor both clearly visible and slow-onset issues -whether it involves king tides affecting
drinking water salinity in small island states with attendant effects on SRHR, leading to drought and
food insecurity; levels of nuclear radiation and mercury in seafood; bleaching and die-off of coral
reefs; rising extinction rates of marine flora and fauna; increase in marine invasive species, loss of
mangroves, sand dunes and coastal forests, and much more.
To recognise and address all this, there must be an biosphere approach to addressing oceans and
sustainable development, clearly recognising the interdependence and interlinkage of marine,
atmospheric and terrestrial ecosystems. What happens on air, land and sea is inherently connected,
and influencing the planetary systems driving weather, water and food systems, biodiversity, and
ultimately determining the extent to which sustainable development is possible. For many of us
from small island states, the existential threat to our islands means this is about right to life,
and right to development, as much as any other rights. That is why attention to oceans and seas
is so important, and requiring a stand-alone goal as well as targets and indicators across ALL SDGs.
The Co-Chairs of the OWG have recently asked development partners to provide inputs
specifically on goals, targets and indicators. We have aimed to thus contribute through various
position papers and will continue to do so this week and in the coming months1. Many of our
proposals have also been included in the UN-NGLS OWG policy brief on Oceans and Seas with
1 This intervention is based on the work of the WMG advocates, and found also in the Oceans and Seas position paper
found here: http://www.womenrio20.org/policy_statements.php?
PHPSESSID=ad6a77436a0e40e78a3877e4310de51c
inputs from major groups, civil society and social movements. 2
So to close, the WMG offer 3 short observations toward useful goals, targets and indicators:
􀀀 Calling for specific goals on gender equality, and on oceans and seas, and cross-linked
targets and indicators across all goals;
􀀀 Calling for a specific, legally-binding global oceans regime, to update and strengthen the
UN Convention on Law of the Sea UNCLOS and harmonise with specific SDG targets and
indicators leading to coordinated monitoring and enforcement for the full range of threats to
ocean sustainability and for global biosphere protection (including in territorial waters and
areas beyond national jurisdiction);
􀀀 Calling for increased attention to gender, fisheries and aquaculture. This requires
transformative changes to global oceans governance, and at regional and national levels. It is
not just about mainstreaming gender into fisheries and aquaculture. It means changing the
way we recognise, regulate and monitor, and develop fisheries and aquaculture to
meaningfully facilitate women´s contributions to small scale and artisan fisheries and
aquaculture, commercial fisheries, oceans use and care – and including their impact on
climate change adaptation and disaster risk response. This must include legal and social
recognition of women workers in this sector. In many national laws, for example, women
are still not considered artisanal fisheries workers because the definition of this activity
usually excludes pre and post-capture activities in which women are actively involved. In
other cases, the role of women in small-scale fishing communities is seen as subsistence
related. So careful wording of SDG fisheries targets and indicators could assist advancement
on gender, women and small scale fisheries, commercial fisheries and aquaculture.
Recognition can made via inclusion in national data collection; specific seats in national and
regional fisheries decisionmaking bodies for Women and Fisheries networks; inclusion in
climate change and DRR plans; increased accessible credit, adequate and sustainable (nonloan)
funding for women-led projects; access to training and capacity opportunities; public
education and advocacy campaigns; and other means.
We recognise that none of this is easy, Co-Chairs and friends. But our core message is that
another social, environmental and economic governance system must be at the heart of sustainable
development. That is not just possible, it is essential. It must incorporate social equity and human
2 UN-NGLS, Policy Brief #8 Recommendations on the Ocean and Seas
for the UN General Assembly Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG on SDGs), 2014:
http://www.un-ngls.org/IMG/pdf/UN-NGLS_Brief_for_OWG_on_SDGs-OceanSeas-…
rights including gender equality; a new fairer system of production, consumption and
distribution; and a new ecological suatainability and reparative plan recognising planetary
boundaries and ecological sustainability. We can balance transformative shifts and incremental
change toward a sustainable, just and equitable development agenda.3
Those of you in this room and beyond with the evidence and information, know that nothing
less will suffice. Thank you for your time Distinguished Chair, fellow speakers, state delegates
and Major Group friends. The WMG looks forward to the shared deliberations for the rest of
this critical meeting. Thank you.
*Check on delivery.
3 WMG summarised proposals can be found here: http://www.womenrio20.org/docs/Booklet_final_English_WMGFES_
Sep2013.pdf