United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Major Group: Farmers

STATEMENT MADE BY FARMERS ? May 2 ?Thematic discussion: Enhancing
energy efficiency...CSD(Comission for Sustainable Development) 14 ? UN - Conf.
Room 2 from 3:00 ? 6:00
My nane is Maria Christina Pacheco, I am a sugarcane farmer from Brazil, here
representing IFAP farmers. I am from a organization called ORPLANA that represents
13,000 sugarcane farmers from Brazil central-south region. We produce 62 million tone
of sugarcane in 2005 harvest.
What we want to share is Brazil program of CO-GENERATION and sale of eletricity
generates by burning sugarcane residue(bagasse).
Sucarcane in Brazil is is not only sugar is AGROENERGY. Sugar is produce with 50%
of our sugarcane and with the othe 50% we produce ethanol. After each tone (1,000 kg)
of sugarcane is cruched if leaves 300 kg of bagasse for co- generation of eletricity.
The sugarcane industry is self- sufficiency in producing the energy to run the plant during
harvest period (8-9) month/year, from March to December.
With the co-generation program the surplus eletricty can be sold to the electrical
companies. Harvest time is a period of big consumption of energy and litlle rain, and
most of our electrical energy comes from hydraulic source.
Through PROINFA (( Progaram to Stimulate Alternative Sources of Eletrical Energy),
new projects of Co-generation from sugarcane bagasse are being financed and having the
surplus eletricity contrated.
Sugarcane is able to supply eletricity to the communitie as ethanol and sugar is being
produced.
ETHANOL, a Green fuel, which program started in 1970, is renewable energy made in
ours farmes with Brazilian tecnology and MOTHER EARTH help. Today this program
is 13.5% of Brazil Energy Matrix.
Sugarcane is produce in tropical and sub-tropical country. So this Brazilian experience
could be used and eletricity could be produce by any sugarcane industry. Mauricius and
India also co-generate eletricity from sugarcane bagasse.