United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Major Group: Children & Youth

Tuesday, February 27, 2007 ? Youth and Children
Providing more than 6 billion people with energy will require concrete action to ensure
that we meet the needs of the poor and not only industry, and that we meet those needs
without depriving future generations from having a clean planet to live on. In formulating
policy designed to increase energy access, it must be recognized that increasing energy
production alone often does not increase energy access for the impoverished.
Small-scale renewable energy projects in rural communities offer a sustainable solution
to energy access; such local, feasible, and successful energy solutions should be strongly
supported at the CSD. Small-scale hydropower, wind, biomass, and solar energy provide
options to increase access in rural areas providing local, context-sensitive technological
solutions that do not harm the environment, we need technology transfers, capacity
building, and cooperation amongst all stakeholders.
But again, we need the market conditions, R&D, and ways to internalize the
environmental costs of energy production.
Global energy supply can increase by regulating and improving how we use it. Energy
efficiency denotes making supply more efficient and making consumption sustainable.
Energy efficiency is not only a means of maximizing profit; it is a means of maximizing
welfare and energy supply. Campaigns advancing responsible consumption and
sustainable lifestyles should be supported, especially in countries where consumption
patterns are highly unsustainable. Education, capacity building and technology transfer
have been tools to increase energy efficiency. Changes in legislation for construction,
industrial, transportation, and household consumption could achieve carbon emissions
reductions of up to 45-53% by 2050, according to the International Energy Agency.
Yesterday we talked about a definition of what sustainable energy strives for; that
definition must consider, as stated on JPOI Chapter II, Article 9, section a, the reliability,
affordability, economic viability, social acceptability, and environmental soundness of
the energy services and sources.
Timelines and measurable targets are needed to advance sustainable energy. Children and
Youth have created campaigns to foster energy efficiency and emission reductions with
clear targets for the next 10 years with great success. Implementing targets and timelines
is a necessary step to provide market signals and must be a part of national sustainable
development plans.