United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Major Group: Business & Industry

Working for Sustainable Solutions
A joint initiative for CSD 14 and 15 by the: Page 1 of 2
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) www.iccwbo.org
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) www.wbcsd.org
World Energy Council (WEC) www.worldenergy.org
3 May 2006
Business and Industry Statement
CSD14 Thematic Discussions
Thematic Discussion - Enhancing Energy Efficiency as it relates to public transportation
and facilitating the deployment of energy efficient technologies.
Statement delivered by Dr. Miriam Lev-On
I am Dr. Miriam Lev-On representing the International Petroleum Industry Environmental
Association, which is a member of BAE. We wanted to bring to the delegates attention the
concept that vehicles and fuels should be treated as an integrated system. We, as the fuel
purveyors, are quite keen on ensuring that the fuel we are supplying to the market is 'fit- forpurpose'.
This is a concept that is being actively promoted by the global Partnership for Clean
Fuels and Vehicles. We take note that the first success of the partnership is the Dakar
Declaration committing to the elimination of Lead from all gasoline in Africa by 2006.
Elimination of Lead and introduction of cars with properly functioning catalytic converters are
essential first steps to reducing vehicle emissions. At the chair's request we wanted to highlight
constraints, and barriers such as the fact that producing cleaner fuels is more complex and
requires more energy in the refining process. We know from our US experience that refineries
could be fine tuned and optimized in order to increase their energy efficiency, such as the
commitment of the American Petroleum Institute member refiners to improve their energy
efficiency by 10 percent between 2002 and 2012. Hence for countries that are now phasing out
Lead regional harmonization of fuel standards concurrent with vehicle emission standards is
essential. This will allow them to increase the efficiency of their refining and distribution
operations and could prevent fuel adulteration and smuggling.
Thank you
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