United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Event for the review of the implementation of the Mauritius
Strategy to pursue the application of the programme of action for
the sustainable development in the small island developing states
MONDAY, 8 MAY 2006
· The State of Kuwait attaches great importance to these meetings of
the Commission on Sustainable Development given their sensitivitiy
and complexity.
· The Kuwaiti people has always realized ?due to its geographical and
historic reality? the importance of an effective integration and
partnership in order to achieve growth and prosperity. The Kuwaiti
citizen has always sought to assist the developing peoples in the
· The State of Kuwait reiterates its commitment to implement the
outcome of Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg plan of action. It is also
committed to the outcome of the major United Nations conferences,
including the Mauritius Conference.
· Kuwait reiterates its commitment to sound policies and good
governance on all levels, as well as to the rule of law and fight against
corruption, the strengthening of international trade as being an
incentive for sustainable development. Kuwait looks favorably to the
conditions of the developing countries with the perspective of
strengthening their capabilities, expanding their trade, developing their
resources and enabling them to participate effectively in the 2006
Doha Round.
· The State of Kuwait has supported and participated effectively in the
international efforts for assisting in the growth of developing countries
through direct bilateral grants to many development projects carried
out in those countries by the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic
Development which amounted to $12 billion and distributed among
101 countries, especially the least developed countries, including the
small island developing states. Kuwait?s support for small islands
states has focused on their infrastructure, and included islands from
Samoa in the east to Belize in the west, and passing through the
Maldives, Cape Verde, Saint Lucia and Cuba. Kuwait provided many
grants through regional and international institutions, associations and
funds. The total amount of those grants exceeded 1.3% of Kuwait?s
GNP during the period from 1990 to 2003, thus surpassing many
developed countries which Kuwait calls upon to abide by their pledge
to allocate 0.7% of their GNP?s as official development assistance
(ODA) to the developing countries, as well as 0.15 to 0.2 of their
GNP?s to the least developed countries in accordance with schedules
internationally agreed upon.
· Kuwait expresses its utmost interest in protecting the environment.
Kuwait is very concerned about the climate change phenomenon and
the many factors which could affect it. Accordingly, Kuwait acted
simultaneously on both levels, domestic as well as foreign, and with
the assistance of scientific research centers which are qualified to
study this issue and its effects.
· Kuwait is aware of the necessity to take more measures for mobilizing
financial resources to explore and transfer environmentally sound
technology in order to achieve a greater diversification in the energy
sources, especially if they are renewable. Kuwait ?believes that those
sources still require more study to confirm their adequate efficiency
and safety, as well as the evaluation of their effects in all ecological
and biological systems, and their economic feasibility.? Kuwait also
believes in cleaner fossil fuel advanced technologies which require
greater focus, as being the main source of energy for the next thirty
years, at least, and because of their higher efficiency and greater
economic feasibility. They constitute not less than 80% of the total
energy world consumption. Therefore, it is necessary to find more
efficient and better fossil fuel technologies to ensure the continuity
and marketing of all the products and types of this energy source, as
well as their availability to all countries, and the application of new
techniques for the treatment of gas emissions emanating from the use
of fossil fuel, like the isolation and storage of carbon which was
tackled by the Conference on Climate Change held in Montreal last
· In this context, the State of Kuwait has allocated a budget of
approximately US$100 million to support environment protection
research works and the development of a technology which aims at
improving efficiency in energy production and use, especially fossil
fuel, as provided by article (20) of the Johannesburg Plan of Action
and its subsequent items, with a view to ensure better economic,
social and environmental living conditions.
· It is noteworthy that the Kuwaiti private sector has taken the initiative
to carry out a pilot project in Kuwait for the carbon dioxide isolation,
storage and fixation.