United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Iran

Mr. Co-Chair;
Excellencies;
Ladies and Gentlemen;
Allow me to express my appreciation to the distinguished panelists for
their enlightening comments. I associate myself with the statement made
by Tanzania on behalf of G-77 and China. Modern technologies have led
to the development of thousands of new chemicals that play an important
role in economic growth and industrial development. Many have common
applications in daily life. These chemicals could exert harmful effects on
the global environment and pose a serious health hazard because of their
persistence and dispersion in various locations. In fact, chemical industry
contains advantages and disadvantageous.
On the other hand, economic development and population growth have
led to rapid increase in volume and diversification of wastes.
Consumption patterns severely impact the global and local environment,
natural resources, public health, local economies, and living conditions. It
also threatens the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs). Many countries face huge challenges in disposing urban wastes
including waste water as well as contamination of subterranean water
sources.
The main objective for our collective efforts in waste management should
be waste prevention and minimization through, reusing, recycling and
recovery of useful materials in wastes. .
Policies and measures that have to be taken at the national, regional and
international levels to have sound management of wastes and chemicals
should include, inter alia:
1. Development, diffusion and application of new and clean
technologies to reduce production of hazardous wastes and use of
hazardous chemicals.
2. Cooperation on promoting early warning system to control the
spread of impacts of chemicals hazardous waste related accidents.
3. Application of new technologies including nano and bio technologies
identify control and restore quality of contaminated soil and water.
4. Cooperation on research on development of zero hazardous waste
production technologies.
5. Assisting developing countries to phase out application of energy and
waste intensive technologies, and transit to modern, efficient and
environmentally sound technologies including through expansion of
regional centers of excellence on environmentally sound management
of hazardous wastes.
6. Promoting of exchange of experiences and success stories at all levels
on management of chemicals and hazardous wastes, in particular, on
developing effective standards and regulations on chemicals and waste
management.
7. North-South, south ?south cooperation on finding innovative ways for
waste treatment, recycling, reuse and disposal of hazardous wastes , in
particular in costal and mountainous areas that lack enough landfills.
8. Transfer of equipment, exchange of knowledge and expertise on
phasing out toxic, persistent and biodegradable wastes and chemicals
as well as on their sound and safe treatment and disposal of hazardous
wastes.
9. Addressing the challenge of site selection for hazardous waste disposal
in coastal cities including through establishing small scale
environmentally sound and waste free recycling centers in coastal
cities, through cooperation between owners of such technologies and
countries in need of such technologies.
10. Implementing policies and measures that change the challenge of
waste management to an opportunity for income generation, job
creation and poverty eradication including through expansion of
recycling and reusing centers as well as application of methods and
technologies to use methane in landfill as a source of energy.
Through undertaking such policies and measures, Mr. Co-Chair, countries
may be able to change the current pattern of waste management threat to a
manageable problem.
In conclusion Mr. Co-Chair, Islamic Republic of Iran attaches a paramount
importance to "Waste Management" for proper health, environmental
protection and natural resource management and sustainable development.
Iran has made significant progresses on municipal wastes and is engaged
currently on hospital and industrial hazardous wastes neutralization
processes.
I thank you very much Mr .Co-Chair.